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“Talking and eloquence are not the same: to speak, and to speak well, are two things. A fool may talk, but a wise man speaks.” -Ben Johnson, British Poet.

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Presentation on theme: "“Talking and eloquence are not the same: to speak, and to speak well, are two things. A fool may talk, but a wise man speaks.” -Ben Johnson, British Poet."— Presentation transcript:

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2 “Talking and eloquence are not the same: to speak, and to speak well, are two things. A fool may talk, but a wise man speaks.” -Ben Johnson, British Poet

3 Speaking with Style How something is said is just as important as what is said.How something is said is just as important as what is said. Consider this:Consider this: –“Eighty-seven years ago…” OR –“Four score and seven years ago…” -Abraham Lincoln

4 –“We really are totally committed…” OR –“We pledge our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor…” –Thomas Jefferson Four Elements to style: Clarity, Economy, Grace, ToneFour Elements to style: Clarity, Economy, Grace, Tone

5 Clarity Requires clear, UNDERSTANDABLE words (vocabulary) in a clear, UNDERSTANDABLE order (syntax).Requires clear, UNDERSTANDABLE words (vocabulary) in a clear, UNDERSTANDABLE order (syntax).

6 Clarity 4 Areas of Caution! Running OnRunning On –Unclear: In a series of little pits impressed into the disc are all the sounds of a song and the disc is read by lasers which shine on the pits and then the music is the result of the disc player which translates the pits into sound and the sound is very good.

7 –Clear: All the sounds in a song are recorded as little pits in the disc itself. As the disc spins, the lasers in the disc player “read” the little pits, translating each pit into a digital language made up of zeros and ones. The player then reads this code. The result is clear, sharp, undistorted sound.

8 Jargon—Specialized languageJargon—Specialized language –Example: URL, driver, Java, hypertext, and WYSIWYG Denotation vs. ConnotationDenotation vs. Connotation Euphemism—replacing negative terms with positive wordsEuphemism—replacing negative terms with positive words –Lay-off’s vs. Downsizing vs. Right- Sizing –Used car vs. Previously Owned vs. Pre-Driven –Concentration Camp vs. Death Camp –Shell Shock vs. Battle Fatigue

9 Economy Less is More!Less is More! "The guy over there at Pease - a woman actually - she said something about a country-western song about the train, a light at the end of the tunnel... I only hope it's not a train coming the other way. Well, I said to her, well, I'm a country music fan. I love it, always have. Doesn't fit the mold of some of the columnists, I might add, but nevertheless - of what they think I ought to fit in, but I love it. You should have been with me at the c.m.a. awards at Nashville. But nevertheless, I said to them there's another one that the Nitty Ditty Nitty Gritty Great Bird - and it says if you want to see a rainbow you've got to stand a little rain. We've had a little rain. New Hampshire has had too much rain. A lot of families are hurting”"The guy over there at Pease - a woman actually - she said something about a country-western song about the train, a light at the end of the tunnel... I only hope it's not a train coming the other way. Well, I said to her, well, I'm a country music fan. I love it, always have. Doesn't fit the mold of some of the columnists, I might add, but nevertheless - of what they think I ought to fit in, but I love it. You should have been with me at the c.m.a. awards at Nashville. But nevertheless, I said to them there's another one that the Nitty Ditty Nitty Gritty Great Bird - and it says if you want to see a rainbow you've got to stand a little rain. We've had a little rain. New Hampshire has had too much rain. A lot of families are hurting”OR “It’s true the economy has suffered somewhat and a lot of families are hurting, but better times are coming. They say if you want to see a rainbow, you’ve got to stand a little rain. We’ve had the rain; now we’re ready for the rainbow.”“It’s true the economy has suffered somewhat and a lot of families are hurting, but better times are coming. They say if you want to see a rainbow, you’ve got to stand a little rain. We’ve had the rain; now we’re ready for the rainbow.”

10 In today’s modern society, the student of high-school age must add additional courses to their schedules if they are are going to be fully prepared in a complete way for a successful career.In today’s modern society, the student of high-school age must add additional courses to their schedules if they are are going to be fully prepared in a complete way for a successful career.OR Today’s high-school students must take more courses to prepare for successful careers.Today’s high-school students must take more courses to prepare for successful careers. Twice as long and saying the same thingTwice as long and saying the same thing

11 Grace Grace—stating your ideas in an appealing, skillful mannerGrace—stating your ideas in an appealing, skillful manner –“During the last four years, our country has been through good times and bad times. We are the most important nation on earth. Our economy is stronger than anyone else’s. Our families are stronger than they were. The schools are better. We’ve made a lot of progress in improving the environment. Some of our problems have really been difficult, but we are now beginning to solve them. For example, crime is down and more people have jobs. Fewer people are on welfare.”

12 –“In these four years, we have been touched by tragedy, exhilarated by challenge, strengthened by achievement. America stands alone as the world's indispensable nation. Once again, our economy is the strongest on Earth. Once again, we are building stronger families, thriving communities, better educational opportunities, a cleaner environment. Problems that once seemed destined to deepen now bend to our efforts: our streets are safer and record numbers of our fellow citizens have moved from welfare to work.” –Bill Clinton Stylistic Devices: Parallelism, Antithesis, Rhetorical Question, Interrupting for emphasis, Repetition (alliteration, assonance, consonance), Inversion, Allusion, Metaphor and Simile, Irony, HyperboleStylistic Devices: Parallelism, Antithesis, Rhetorical Question, Interrupting for emphasis, Repetition (alliteration, assonance, consonance), Inversion, Allusion, Metaphor and Simile, Irony, Hyperbole –Assignment: Look up each of these terms (be sure to maintain the context of this class—speech). What do they mean? Write it down. Due Tomorrow. You must use at least one device in your Informative Speech.

13 Tone The speaker’s attitude toward a subjectThe speaker’s attitude toward a subject


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