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Chapter 9 section 3 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) pg.287 Learning Objectives: - We will learn about how the first political parties started. - We.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 section 3 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) pg.287 Learning Objectives: - We will learn about how the first political parties started. - We."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 section 3 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) pg.287 Learning Objectives: - We will learn about how the first political parties started. - We will contrast the views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. - We will learn about the first 2 political parties: The Federalists & The Democratic-Republicans. - We will learn about the surprise results of the 1796 election.

2 Chapter 9 section 3 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) pg.287

3 Chapter 9 section 3 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) Setting the Scene In Washington’s time, there were no political parties in America. “Out of many, one” pg.287

4 E pluribus unum - “Out of many, one” “I pledge allegiance, to the flag… ONE NATION, under god, indivisible…” pg.287Political Parties Emerge (Develop) Chapter 9 section 3

5 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.287 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

6 A Distrust of Political Parties Chapter 9 section 3 2 factions, or opposing sides in Washington’s Cabinet Alexander HamiltonThomas Jefferson pg.287 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

7 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

8 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson

9 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

10 Differing Views Chapter 9 section 3 FEDERALISTS VIEWS LED BY HAMILTON ECONOMY - manufacturing, shipping, and trade. DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS LED BY JEFFERSON ECONOMY - farming is the most important. Gentlemen, What is your view on, the Economy, Federal Power or State Power, a Strict or Loose Interpretation of the Constitution, and trading more with Britain or France? pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

11 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

12 Differing Views Chapter 9 section 3 FEDERALISTS VIEWS LED BY HAMILTON ECONOMY - manufacturing, shipping, and trade. FEDERAL power should be stronger. DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS LED BY JEFFERSON ECONOMY - farming is the most important. STATES should have the most power with guidance from the national govern- ment. Gentlemen, What is your view on, the Economy, Federal Power or State Power, a Strict or Loose Interpretation of the Constitution, and trading more with Britain or France? pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

13 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

14 Differing Views Chapter 9 section 3 FEDERALISTS VIEWS LED BY HAMILTON ECONOMY - manufacturing, shipping, and trade. FEDERAL power should be stronger. LOOSE interpretation - allow things that are “necessary and proper” DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS LED BY JEFFERSON ECONOMY - farming is the most important. STATES should have the most power with guidance from the national govern- ment. STRICT interpretation- only what’s listed in the Constit- ution. Gentlemen, What is your view on, the Economy, Federal Power or State Power, a Strict or Loose Interpretation of the Constitution, and trading more with Britain or France? pg.288 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

15 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.289 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

16 Differing Views Chapter 9 section 3 FEDERALISTS VIEWS LED BY HAMILTON ECONOMY - manufacturing, shipping, and trade. FEDERAL power should be stronger. LOOSE interpretation - allow things that are “necessary and proper” BRITAIN is our strongest trading partner. DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS LED BY JEFFERSON ECONOMY - farming is the most important. STATES should have the most power with guidance from the national govern- ment. STRICT interpretation- only what’s listed in the Constit- ution. FRANCE should by our closest trading partner. Gentlemen, What is your view on, the Economy, Federal Power or State Power, a Strict or Loose Interpretation of the Constitution, and trading more with Britain or France? pg.289 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

17 Chapter 9 section 3 Page 289 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

18 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.289 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

19 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.289 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

20 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

21 Newspapers Take Sides Chapter 9 section 3 Newspapers took sides and often wrote and published political stories favoring one side or the other. Over time, two separate newspapers developed in each major city; one supporting and writing about the views of one party, and one supporting and writing about the views of the other. pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

22 Development of Political Parties Chapter 9 section 3 Factory workers, merchants, and business owners supported Hamilton and the Federalists. Farmers, artisans (craftsmen), and some wealthy planters supported Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans. pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

23 Development of Political Parties Chapter 9 section 3 The two political parties were “wrestling” for control in the Cabinet and in Congress. Each side felt that their view of what is best for America is what the government should be doing. pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

24 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

25 Election of 1796 Chapter 9 section 3 FEDERALISTS DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS John Adams & Thomas Pinckney Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr VS. pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop)

26 Election of 1796 Chapter 9 section 3 ELECTORAL COLLEGE RESULTS Total votes = 216 (108 x 2) JOHN ADAMS 71 THOMAS JEFFERSON 68 THOMAS PINCKNEY59 ARRON BURR30 SAMUEL ADAMS15 OLIVER ELSWORTH11 GEORGE CLINTON7 JOHN JAY5 OTHER CANDIDATES 10 pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) How did this happen? This ought to be interesting... I just wanted to be V.P.! Congratulations, Mr. Adams, but what about me?

27 Election of 1796 Chapter 9 section 3 pg.290 Political Parties Emerge (Develop) How did this happen? This ought to be interesting... I just wanted to be V.P.! Congratulations, Mr. Adams, but what about me? According to the original Constitution, the candidate with the MOST electoral votes becomes president and the candidate with the next highest electoral votes becomes vice president. In this case, that means the president and vice president were from opposing political parties.


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