Presentation on theme: "History Microsoft is an American corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington founded by childhood friends Paul Allen and Bill Gates In January."— Presentation transcript:
History Microsoft is an American corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington founded by childhood friends Paul Allen and Bill Gates In January of 1975, Allen stumbled upon an article in Popular Electronics magazine about Altair 8800, which was a microcomputer. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=ad4m9U_u7X4
Birth of Microsoft On April 4th, 1975, Microsoft was born. software on 91% of personal computers worldwide In 1980 International Business Machines Corporation also known as IBM asked Microsoft to produce the essential software, or operating system, for its first personal computer, the IBM PC
Bill Gates Household name Reasons for status Influence is felt everywhere Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation 95 % of wealth donated over time
History Middle class upbringing Parents encouraged extremely competitive atmosphere At Lakeside School, a preparatory school, his mastery of coding was demonstrated School allowed him to write code to schedule students He took advantage of the opportunity
Post-Lakeside Graduated in 1973 Enrolled at Harvard College the same year SAT of 1590 out of 1600 Met Steve Ballmer Paul Allen joined him at Honeywell in 1974 Allen convinces Gates to start a new company after MITS Altair 8800
Management Style Aggressive strategy Expansion of products and services Capture and control; broaden and deepen Confrontational with senior managers Played the role of the executive for most of his time with the company Oversaw the coding and programming during the early years Still serves on the tech oversight board Gates in the U.S. government investigation
Post-Microsoft During the late 2000s, Gates began turning over the reins to new management so that he could focus on his philanthropic designs. Along with Mark Zuckerberg and Warren Buffet, he signed onto the Giving Pledge – which stated he would donate at least 50 % of his wealth to charity over time Most of Gates’s personal contributions have been toward the medical and educational fields ALS Ice Bucket Challenge
Paul Allen Cofounder of Microsoft Met Gates at Lakeside and kept in contact with him after Gates left for Harvard Microsoft probably owes its existence to Paul Allen It was Paul Allen who convinced Gates to start Microsoft and eventually drop out of college
Miscellaneous Info About Paul Allen Scored a perfect SAT score of 1600 Washington State University Dropped out two years to work as a programmer for Honeywell This brought him closer to Bill Gates location at Harvard Defining moment in computer software history He was instrumental in securing a distribution contract with IBM that helped solidify Microsoft’s place in the market By the late 1990s, Allen began to distance himself from the company and resigned his senior position during this time He still owns the bulk of his shares and consults with the company from time to time Also a signee of the Giving Pledge
Microsoft’s Products: The Rise and Fall of an Empire 1975-1981: The beginning 1975- Gates and Allen partnership. 1980- Steve Ballmer joins the company. Microsoft releases first operating system: MS-DOS. Introduced “commands” that users could give to the computer. (“C”) The backslash key is introduced (\). Effective, but hard to use for personal computer users.
1985-1994: Windows 1.0-3.0 1985: Windows 1.0 Interface Manager was proposed name for operating system. Settled on “Windows” because of the new boxes or computing windows. Introduced “point and click” rather than typing commands. Introduced drop down menus, scroll bars, icons, and dialog boxes. Shipped with Paint, Notepad, Calculator, and Calendar. First operating system that was easy enough for anyone to learn. 1987: Windows 2.0 Desktop icons, expanded memory, improved graphics. Keyboard shortcuts were introduced. Companies other than Microsoft begin to write programs for Windows. In 1988, Microsoft became the world’s largest PC software company based on sales volume. Computers become part of daily life at work. 1990: Windows 3.0 Sold 10 million copies. Most widely used operating system up to this point. Improved memory and graphics. Introduction of Program Manager, File Manager, and Print Manager. Solitaire, hearts, and minesweeper. Microsoft has established dominance in the computing industry.
1995-1998: Windows 95- The Modern Day PC Most anticipated launch of all time. Released on August 25, 1995. Sold 7 million copies in five weeks. Fax, email, modems, and the Internet. In 1995, 80% of the world’s computers are running some version of Windows or MS-DOS. Available in 12 languages. The star menu is introduced. Taskbars and the ability to minimize, maximize, and close windows. Internet Explorer released later that year.
1998: Windows 98 First version of windows designed specifically for individual users, not businesses. “Works Better, Plays Better.” DVD Discs, USB Drive. Windows Me presented numerous music, video, and home networking capabilities (Windows Media Player). System Restore allows users to revert their computer back to a point in time where it was working properly.
2000: Windows 2000 Designed to replace Windows 95, Windows 98 on all business desktops and laptops. Added reliability improvements, ease of use, and better internet compatibility. Introduced hardware installation support (Wizard). Fun Fact- The nightly stress test performed on Windows 2000 during development is the equivalent of three months of run time on up to 1,500 computers. Steve Ballmer takes over as C.E.O.
2001-2005: Windows XP- Continuing Dominance in the PC World Released in October 2001. Completely redesigned clean and simple look and feel. Fast and stable. Available in 25 languages. From the mid 1970s up until October 2001, over 1 billion PCs have been shipped. Introduced increased security protocols to deal with the increase of hacking and computer viruses. Remote desktop support, advanced networking features, Windows Messenger. One of Microsoft’s most popular products of all time.
2006-2008: Windows Vista- The Decline Graphically and visually impressive. Updated security system. At times, during production it would take the system 10 minutes to boot up. Unstable, frequently crashed. PC world declared Vista “The biggest tech disappointment of 2007”. For the first time, Microsoft loyalists had begun to look elsewhere for their operating system needs
2009: Windows 7 Attempted to get back to its “Microsoft Roots”. Simpler and more stable design than Vista. Release was geared towards wireless and laptop users. Debut of Windows Touch. Over 8 million beta testers worldwide before the release. Eagerness to get away from Vista.
2012-Current: Windows 8 Completely reimagined design. Extremely touch friendly. Intended to be used for both computers and tablets. Both pieces of hardware will be able to run the same operating system. Start screen has “tiles” that connect to friends, files, applications, music, videos, and websites. Windows Store is built into start screen. The verdict is out on user acceptance.
Other Notable Microsoft Products SkypeXbox Series
What Led to Microsoft’s fall? Lack of innovative edge. Corporate bureaucracy. Change in leadership. Bill Gates to Steve Ballmer. Increased competition from visionary Steve Jobs and Apple. When Apple introduced the iPhone, Steve Ballmer laughed. “No chance that the iPhone is going to get any significant market share.” Similar reactions to iPod, iPad, and Google. in 2005 he proclaimed, “Google’s not a real company. It’s a house of cards.”
U.S. V. MICROSOFT (2001) Maintenance of Monopoly
Introduction In May of 1998, the US Department of Justice, twenty individual states, and DC filed suit against Microsoft Claimed Microsoft had monopolized the market for PC OSs Also that it had used its monopoly to engage in a wide range of antitrust violations
Claims by Both Sides The Government claimed that Microsoft had engaged in multiple anticompetitive acts to protect its OS monopoly Consumers were being harmed by higher prices Microsoft’s actions had reduced innovation Microsoft argued it was not a monopoly Highly dynamic industry Microsoft also claimed to be procompetitive since consumers benefited Access to high quality, innovative software
Background (How it Got Started) The battle of the browsers Netscape Navigator was first successful internet browser To catch up Microsoft forced OEMs to license and install their browser (Internet Explorer) The Government sued Microsoft for this and was initially successful On appeal, however, it was ruled that the combination of Internet Explorer and the OS offered functionality not available without product “integration.
Background (How it Got Started) DOJ, 20 states, and The District of Columbia brought suit against MS claiming: That Microsoft had engaged in a range of practices in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act Operating System Licenses with Original Equipment Manufacturer. Contracts with Internet Service Providers Ties between its Operating Systems and Internet Explorer That Microsoft had attempted to monopolize the market for internet browsers (Violated Section 2 of the Sherman Act)
Debating the Economic Issues Did Microsoft have monopoly power? The Government’s Perspective Yes, according to market share data Microsoft’s share of PC operating systems was very high and had remained stable over time. During the 1990s, Microsoft’s worldwide share of shipments of Intel-based operating systems had been approx. 90 percent or more
What happened after? Almost a decade later, the government’s predictions about browser competition have turned out to be correct. Internet Explore’s share of the market grew to over 90% Microsoft’s OS monopoly continues today New challenges for Microsoft A rise in browser competition from Firefox, etc. Power has shifted to web based companies Linux based operating systems gaining traction
The Future for Microsoft http://www.microsoft.com/office/vision/