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SACOSAN IV Colombo, 4 – 7 April 2011

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Presentation on theme: "SACOSAN IV Colombo, 4 – 7 April 2011"— Presentation transcript:

1 SACOSAN IV Colombo, 4 – 7 April 2011
Meet the GLAAS Peregrine Swann Senior Adviser (WHO)

2 Purpose of UN-Water GLAAS
GLAAS analyses of the evidence to inform decision-makers in sanitation and drinking-water Tries to respond to the questions 'what works?' 'what has to happen to accelerate and sustain progress?' 'how can successful initiatives be scaled up?' The "table" where the different pieces of evidence come together (hence the puzzle)

3 This presentation will answer the following questions:
Origins of GLAAS and how it fits within the global monitoring framework? What are the GLAAS products and what is their impact? How did GLAAS achieve this? What are the next steps?

4 1. Brief history of GLAAS Milestones:
Nov. 2006: UNDP Human Development Report: Power, poverty and the global water crisis importance of political process and power relationships in water international system not working for water (unlike health and education)

5 Brief history of GLAAS Donor response at WB Spring Meeting April 2006
Feb. 2007: UN-Water gives mandate to WHO Aug. 2007: idea launched at Stockholm WWW Sep. 2008: pilot report – demonstrated the concept was feasible Apr. 2010: 1st report – feeds into first HLM

6 Example Input: Sector processes: Sector outputs: Development outcomes:
Funds Sector processes: Strategies, consulting, implement the plan and monitor Sector outputs: Facilities and promotion Development outcomes: Greater use of safe drinking-water and sanitation facilities Improved health

7 Three levels of monitoring
Inputs, Processes, Outputs Outcomes Global Regional National

8 The global monitoring framework
Inputs, Processes, Outputs Sector Outcomes Development Outcomes improved health better education reduced poverty greater equity more dignity WHO/UNICEF JMP Global UN-Water GLAAS UNDP HDR Regional Regional assessments (e.g. CSOs) Regional National Sector Info & Monitoring Agencies for water, sanitation, health Joint Sector Reviews Agencies + budget/finance HH surveys Census Statistics Office National

9 3. The GLAAS products The 2010 report
Report launched on 21 April 2010 Data from 27 donors and 42 developing countries

10 3. The GLAAS products 2010 report recommendations
Four recommendations: R1: Demonstrate greater political commitment R2: Target resources better R3: Strengthen national and sub-national systems to plan, implement and monitor R4: Work in partnership

11 3. The GLAAS products 2010 report recommendations

12 GLAAS Highlights - Africa and Asia

13 GLAAS Asia Highlights

14 GLAAS Asia Highlights

15 GLAAS Asia Highlights

16 GLAAS Asia Highlights

17 GLAAS Asia Highlights

18 4. The impact of GLAAS Sanitation and Water for All - High Level Meeting
SWA is a partnership to achieve universal and sustainable sanitation and drinking-water for everyone SWA approaches include: High Level Meetings Improving mutual accountability Evidence-based decision-making (e.g. GLAAS) Catalytic support for national plans

19 First High Level Meeting of Sanitation and Water for All
23 April 2010, Washington DC Sanitation and Water for All just held the first Annual High Level Meeting. The first annual High Level Meeting had three main objectives: Mobilise political support Monitor progress against global targets and commitments, decide how to address challenges and strengthen mutual accountability Improve sector financing & aid-effectiveness. Source: UNICEF World Bank Vice-President Katherine Sierra (right) welcomes the participants of the landmark High Level Meeting of Sanitation and Water for All to the World Bank, following opening remarks by the Chairs HRH Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands of UNSGAB (middle) and Deputy Executive Director Saad Houry of UNICEF (left). 19

20 Bangladesh Minister of Finance at the High Level Meeting
Source: UNICEF Mr.Abul Maal Abdul Muhith, Bangladesh’s Minister of Finance, Discussed the importance of prioritizing investments for sanitation and water and the importance of community participation.

21 High Level Meeting commitments a clear reflection of GLAAS recommendations
Call for better donor targeting Six countries to increase domestic sector spending Seven countries to improve coordination between WASH and other sectors Ten countries to use data on coverage to target resources to the un-served Seven countries to improve national monitoring Four countries to address their HR gaps

22 5. How did GLAAS achieve this Partners
UN-Water GLAAS is possible only through the active contribution of many partners: National counterparts!!!!!!!!!! UN-Water UNESCAP, UNDP Donors (e.g. DFID) WB WSP and AMCOW!!! IRC UNICEF, WaterAid, WSSCC and all the other SWA partners

23 5. How did GLAAS achieve this The process
Indicators, data needs and sources The GLAAS survey Data presentation

24 Main categories of indicators
Health impacts, economic benefits, and sector prioritization Coverage/service levels Policy and institutions Human resources Financing, planning and resources

25 Data sources Health data
National sector reviews and regional assessments WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme OECD Creditor Reporting System WHO burden of disease data Global cost estimates (various sources) WSP Economics of Sanitation Initiative World Bank country economic and poverty data The GLAAS survey Specific GLAAS studies (e.g. in-country financial flows) Data sources Health data Levels of service for sanitation and drinking- water (e.g. access/use of) Policies and institutional framework (from national to global) Human resource capacity Financial resource capacity (domestic and foreign)

26 The GLAAS survey Aid recipient countries
Survey implemented through the WHO Regional and Country Representatives 4 sections: sanitation, drinking-water, hygiene, financing Survey includes questions on: Current national targets for access Policy and institutions (including right to sanitation and water) Planning, monitoring and evaluation Budgeting and expenditure Participation and equity Outputs Sustainability Human resources

27 The GLAAS survey External support agencies
Two main cases: Agencies reporting to OECD CRS (e.g. traditional bilateral and multilateral donors) Agencies not reporting to OECD CRS (e.g. Gates Foundation, Saudi Arabia, India, China)

28 GLAAS next steps Next steps to 2012 GLAAS report
survey forms finalized by end of May WHO disseminates forms to country government officials early June countries complete forms June-September report drafted September - November report peer reviewed December/January report launched April 2012 key messages prepared for April HLM looking to get 80 countries if possible Partners' role critical to facilitate responses !

29 Concepts behind GLAAS data presentation
The puzzle linking the pieces to the whole GLAAS tells a story of: How inputs get turned into WASH sector outcomes Highlighting the building blocks to progress GLAAS also sets WASH in the overall development context, by: Linking WASH outcomes to health and to economic growth Learning lessons from the education sector All of this to be a tool for decision makers

30 The way that data are presented
Data presentation aims: To be clear and readable To present a balanced approach – providing data from donors and developing countries To identify individual donors and developing countries To highlight trends

31 UN-Water GLAAS Timeline
Scoping study Survey forms GLAAS Global Team Meeting SACOSAN Colombo GLAAS 2011 survey & Theme Development EMRO workshop Data analysis & report writing AfricaSan Kigali Peer review HLM 2012 GLAAS 2012 report published

Peregrine Swann Senior Adviser, WHO

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