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Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6 1 The American Flag and Other Symbols.

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Presentation on theme: "Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6 1 The American Flag and Other Symbols."— Presentation transcript:

1 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6 1 The American Flag and Other Symbols

2 Displaying the Flag January (3)February (3) March (1?)April (1?) May (2)June (1) July (1)August (?) September (3)October (2) November (3)December (2)

3 January – New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King Day, Inauguration Day February – Lincoln’s Birthday, Washington’s Birthday, Presidents’ Day March/April – Easter May – Armed Forces Day, Memorial Day June – Flag Day July – Independence Day August Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 3

4 September – Labor Day, Patriot Day, Constitution Day October – Columbus Day, Navy Day November – Election Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day December – Pearl Harbor Day, Christmas Day Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 4

5 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 5 How should the flag be positioned and displayed? In a procession with another flag or flags Marching right or front and center of line On a float in a parade On staff or suspended, folds falling free On a vehicle, railroad train, or boat Not draped over any surface On a motorcar Staff attached to chassis or right fender

6 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 6 How should the flag be positioned and displayed? (cont’d) Display flag flat or hanging free. With other flags of states/localities/societies On separate staffs: Flag in center, at highest point Hoist American flag first, lower last On same halyard: American flag at highest point No other flags/pennants above or to right of American flag

7 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 7 How should the flag be positioned and displayed? (cont’d) With flags of other nations Separate staffs, equal size, same height On horizontal staff or angled staff from windowsill, balcony, or front of building Union at peak of staff (unless at half-staff) Over a sidewalk, on rope from house to pole Hoist out from building, union first

8 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 8 How should the flag be positioned and displayed? (cont’d) Against a wall or in a window Union uppermost, to flag’s own right Over the middle of the street Vertically, union toward north or east Flat on speaker’s platform Above and behind speaker In ceremony for unveiling statue/monument Not as covering for object

9 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 9 How should the flag be positioned and displayed? (cont’d) When flying the flag at half-staff First, hoist it to the peak for an instant. Then, lower it to the half-staff position. Before it is lowered for the day, hoist it to the peak again. On Memorial Day, display the flag at half-staff until noon only.

10 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 10 What courtesies should be rendered to the flag and the National Anthem? (cont’d) Military and civilian courtesies for flag ceremonies When indoors – stand at attention and face the music When outdoors in uniform – stand at attention, face music, and salute If flag is not visible, face the music.

11 Types of Flags Base Flag – used in fair weather from sunrise to sunset All Purpose Flag – used in any weather and flown 24 hours a day Ceremonial Flag – used in parades with 2 or more squadrons; has 3” gold fringe on 3 sides of flag

12 Organizational Flag – used when there are less than 2 squadrons; has gold fringe on 3 sides Transportation Flag – used for all motorized vehicles

13 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 13 What courtesies should be rendered to the flag and the National Anthem? (cont’d) The National Anthem Was written by Francis Scott Key Was inspired by the sight of an American flag waving over Fort McHenry after a British attack Began as a poem and became the National Anthem of the United States

14 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 14 What is the significance of the Pledge of Allegiance? The original Written in the office of a Boston magazine Intended to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America First published and recited on Oct. 12, 1892 Authorship claimed by two people

15 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 15 What is the significance of the Pledge of Allegiance? (cont’d) 1923: Wording changed from “my flag” to “the flag of the United States.” 1945: Congress recognized Francis M. Bellamy as the author. 1954: Words “under God” were added.

16 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 16 What is the significance of the Pledge of Allegiance? (cont’d) Purposes of the Pledge Expresses patriotism and loyalty Expresses the freedom of our nation Reminds us of our duty to preserve liberty and justice for all

17 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 17 What is the significance of the Pledge of Allegiance? (cont’d) Reciting the Pledge Come to attention and face the flag. When not in uniform, remove headdress and hold it at left shoulder. When in uniform, remain silent, stand at attention, face the flag, and salute if outdoors. If indoors, stand at attention.

18 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 18 What is the history of Flag Day? Celebrates the birthday of the Stars and Stripes: June 14, 1777 First national observance: June 14, 1877 In 1916, President Wilson called for nationwide observance. In 1949, Flag Day became a permanent observance.

19 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 19 What is the significance of the Great Seal of the United States? Designed to reflect the Founding Fathers’ beliefs, their values, and the sovereignty of the new nation Completed on June 20, 1782 Contains vertical stripes with the same colors used in in the American flag

20 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 20 What is the significance of the Great Seal of the United States? (cont’d) The obverse of the Great Seal authenticates the president’s signature on many official documents. Treaty ratifications International agreements Appointments of ambassadors

21 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 21 What is the significance of the Great Seal of the United States? (cont’d)? Designed to reflect the Founding Fathers’ Beliefs Values Sovereignty of the New Nation

22 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 22 What is the significance of the Great Seal of the United States? (cont’d) Features of the reverse of the Great Seal Pyramid and Eye over the pyramid Motto - Annuit Coeptis (He favors our undertakings) Roman numerals Words under the pyramid - Novus Ordo Seclorum (A New Order of the Ages)

23 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 23 What is the significance of the Air Force Seal? Design is based on historic tradition and symbolism. Coat of arms with two parts Crest Shield White stars Numerals under the shield Band encircling the design Inscriptions

24 Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 1, Chapter 6, The American Flag and Other Symbols 24 What is the American’s Creed? American’s Creed — Statement about the type of government in the United States and the principles on which it is based, followed by personal commitment Written by William Tyler Page in 1918


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