Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The PPP legal environment in Kyrgyzstan from the perspective of the private partner’s interests Ms. Gulnara Kalikova Senior Partner Kalikova & Associates.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The PPP legal environment in Kyrgyzstan from the perspective of the private partner’s interests Ms. Gulnara Kalikova Senior Partner Kalikova & Associates."— Presentation transcript:

1 The PPP legal environment in Kyrgyzstan from the perspective of the private partner’s interests Ms. Gulnara Kalikova Senior Partner Kalikova & Associates Law Firm 1

2 2 Special purpose vehicle Guarantees Corporate structure Taxation Licensable activities Land rights Environmental and safety regulations Financing and security Dispute resolution

3 Basic 1.National legislation (a)Law “On investments in the Kyrgyz Republic” No. 66 dated March 27, 2003 (b)Law “On public-private partnerships in the Kyrgyz Republic” No. 7 dated February 22, Bilateral investment protection treaties 26+ treaties e.g. USA, China, Great Britain and Northern Ireland, South Korea, Germany, Turkey, Malaysia 3

4 Guarantees equal treatment to domestic and foreign investors no intervention into business activities freedom to invest in and run any business not prohibited by Kyrgyz laws chose any managerial structure for the business, hire local and foreign employees subject to Kyrgyz legislation 4

5 Guarantees right to acquire any property, equity, right repatriation of investment profit, export of proceeds, assets, intellectual property and information protection against expropriation (nationalization, requisition or similar measures that may result in seizure of investment funds or investor’s deprivation of the possibility to manage the investments) with exception of cases which require appropriate coverage of the investor’s damage 5

6 Corporate structure (SPV) NATIONAL LEGISLATION : (a) Civil Code dated May 8, 1996; (b) Law “On Business Partnerships & Companies” No. 60 dated November 15, 1996; (c) Law “On Joint Stock Companies” No. 64 dated March 27, 2003 Two common commercial legal forms of legal entities: 1.Joint-Stock Company - for large-scale business: clear and strict corporate governance rules, IPO and public listing, minimum charter capital of USD 2,150. Registration: 3-5 days (+30 days for registration of shares), transfer of shares less than 1 day 2.Limited Liability Company - for small and medium enterprises: flexible corporate governance, no minimum charter capital. Registration: 3-5 days, transfer of stake 3-5 days Public partner may be a co-founder of the special purpose vehicle (SPV) (not more than 1/3 participation shares) 6

7 Taxation NATIONAL LEGISLATION: Tax Code dated October 17, 2008 corporate income tax: 10% employee income tax: 10% non-resident income tax (withholding from dividends/interests) : 10% VAT: general rate 12% sales tax: 2,5%-3,5% fixed land tax depending on type, location, area, commercial value and inflation rate real estate property tax: commercial 0.8% double taxation treaties 22+ treaties e.g. Germany, China, Russia, Canada, Turkey tax incentives and privileges for the private partner and/or SPV under the PPP agreement with the Government e.g. as per proposed amendments to the Tax Code: supply of goods, works, services provided under the PPP agreement shall be exempt from VAT. 7

8 Licensable activities NATIONAL LEGISLATION: Law of the Kyrgyz Republic “On Licensing” No. 12 dated March 3, types of business are subject to licensing, e.g. in the field of PPP: urban planning, research and design of residential, public and production premises and structures construction and assembly jobs, with the exception of the construction of individual residential houses production, transfer, distribution, sale of electric power and heating energy construction of electric power stations, substations and electric power lines private medical practice education, regardless of the level of education and form of ownership (with the exception of state education institutions offering pre-school, primary, basic, and secondary education programs) 8

9 Land rights NATIONAL LEGISLATION: Land Code dated June 25, 1999 Forms of property: state, municipal and private Land rights may be owned by: −nationals −foreign nationals (if engaged in housing finance) −legal entities (if not more than 20% of company's charter capital owned by foreign nationals or legal entities) If more than 20% of company's charter capital owned by foreign nationals or legal entities land rights may be granted for temporary use for the term up to 50 years foreigners may own buildings and structures on any land plots foreigners may own residential houses or apartments subject to permissions of a special commission 9

10 Environmental and safety regulations NATIONAL LEGISLATION: (a) Law “On Environment Protection” No. 53 dated June 16, 1999; (b) Law “On Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities” No. 93 dated November 19, 2001; (c) Law “On Environment Expertise” No. 54 June16, 1999 Environmental, health and safety requirements for the PPP project shall be mandatorily stipulated in the PPP agreement Procedure for resettlement and payment of respective compensations if it involves the resettlement of citizens shall be mandatorily stipulated in the PPP agreement Mandatory state expertise: −state ecological expertise, including environmental impact appraisal −industrial safety expertise −construction expertise 10

11 Financing and security NATIONAL LEGISLATION: (a) Law “On Banks and Banking Activity in the Kyrgyz Republic” No. 60 dated July 29, 1997; (b) Law “On Pledge” No. 49 dated March 12, 2005; (c) Law “On Operations in Foreign Currency” No. 6-I dated July 5, 1995 the SPV may take loans, credits or use other methods of financing the PPP project freedom to open any accounts and have accounts in one or several banks freedom to choose the bank to obtain credit and clearing services free conversion of foreign currency, unrestricted money transfers 11

12 Financing and security “Step-in right” of lenders Pledge of property as a security for performance of obligations: (a)Private partner may pledge its own property (including proprietary and non-property rights) (b)SPV may pledge its own property upon preliminary written notification of the public partner and Ministry of Economy (c)Private partner and SPV may pledge public partner’s property which was given for temporary use 12

13 Dispute resolution Dispute resolution mechanisms: a)Disputes arising out of or in connection with the procedure of selection of private partner – Kyrgyz courts b)Disputes arising out of or in connection with the execution, performance and termination of the PPP agreement - courts of the Kyrgyz Republic or arbitral tribunals of the Kyrgyz Republic or international commercial arbitration institutions c)Disputes arising out of or in connection with the provision by the private partner/project company of services to beneficiaries – Kyrgyz courts 13

14 Dispute resolution Currently the Kyrgyz Republic recognizes and enforces: (a)Decisions of other countries’ arbitration courts established under the arbitration rules of the UN Commission for International Trade Law (UNCITRAL); (b)Decisions of the courts of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan on civil, matrimonial, and criminal cases; (c)Decisions of the arbitration, economic and business courts of Azerbaijan, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. 14

15 The private partner’s concerns and recommendations Concerns related to instability and uncertainty of legislation Recommendation: the agreement shall be detailed as much as possible in order to prevent risks with instabilities of the legislation; inclusion of stability clause; closely follow all legislative developments; in the absence of legal act or conflicts among legal acts obtain formal clarifications from respective state authority and maintain such clarifications in the company files for reference in the future. 15

16 The private partner’s concerns and recommendations Concerns related to expropriation of investments Recommendation: to ensure that all major assets are protected under the PPP agreement, Law “On investments” and/or investment protection treaties of the Kyrgyz Republic. Concerns related to public partner’s default of its obligation under the PPP agreement Recommendation: to ensure that obligation of the public partner to reimburse the private partner’s damages is protected under the PPP agreement 16

17 Thank you for your attention! 17


Download ppt "The PPP legal environment in Kyrgyzstan from the perspective of the private partner’s interests Ms. Gulnara Kalikova Senior Partner Kalikova & Associates."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google