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Somaliland DAD: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward Ahmed Mohamed Diriye Director of Coordination/M&E Expert.

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Presentation on theme: "Somaliland DAD: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward Ahmed Mohamed Diriye Director of Coordination/M&E Expert."— Presentation transcript:

1 Somaliland DAD: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward Ahmed Mohamed Diriye Director of Coordination/M&E Expert

2 Objectives of this Presentation 1.Brief about coordination 2. Somaliland coordination and M&E systems Brief, 1991-2008 3. Current situation: Coordination system, M&E system, and DAD 4. Opportunities and challenges 5. Way Forward Expectation

3 1. What is Coordination Development Coordination is sharing development information and decision making to maximize the public resources utilization, and avoid gap and duplicity On one point of view, development coordination means ensuring that: 1. Development initiatives are aligned to the national priorities by utilizing agreed prioritization criteria 2. Economies of scale concept is incorporated into the plan to minimize the delivery cost

4 1. What is Coordination(Continue) On another perspective, coordination is harmonization to avoid the possibility of that: 1. Somaliland Ministry of Public Works repairing the pot holes on specific paved road on June 21, 2011; and then the Hargeisa Water Agency dig out and repaired same road for water supply installation on May 11, 2011, or 2. Resources are poured into on sector or region, while leaving another one, behind

5 2. Coordination, and M&E Situation, 1991-2008 In the first place, Somaliland as state of Somalia or as a separate country, WHICH TO DECIDE OR DEBATE IS BEYOND THIS TOPIC, paralyzed the development by preventing large scale investment; unilateral and multilateral development treaties; and direct aid budget support Secondly, the 1887 registered LNGOs; 18 UN agencies, and 104 INGOs as well as large number of CBOs and Diaspora development contributions were implementing their projects independently

6 2. Coordination, and M&E Situation, 1991-2008 (Continue) THE BEST OF THE WOREST: Ministry of Planning set a aid data collection form in Excel format and its guideline on MS Word Then data processing were carried out at the Ministry to convert the data into SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) for advanced analysis. Although, this process was very time consuming and nerve touching work ( DAD is the solution ); we have produced annual aid report containing overall aid flow to Somaliland, and by donor, implementer, partner, sector, and region as well the commitment and disbursement rates.

7 2. Coordination, and M&E Situation, 1991-2008 As a result, the level of coordination was as extremely low as of 4% of the Hirschman-Harfingal Index (HHI)— which is a measure of scale used to assess the level of fragmentation/coordination of aid—is equal to 0.04 for Somaliland, a fact which indirectly demonstrates that only 4% of the total aid rendered to the country is coordinated. In 2009; donors pledged $10 million for the Somaliland Health Sector; but $28 million was committed for that sector, At the contrary, only $0.5 of the infrastructure sector’s $32 million pledge was received

8 Somaliland Priority and the Current Aid

9 3. Current Somaliland Coordination and M&E Systems As response, the Somaliland Ministry of National Planning and Development with the resources and technical assistance of donors, UN system, and Somaliland government produced: 1. Aid Coordination policy 2. M&E Policy 3. MIS Policy/Development Assistance Database (DAD), and 4. NGO law

10 Institutional structure Coordination StructureM&E StructureNGO Law High Level Aid Coordination Forum (Joint, six months) Somaliland Monitoring and Evaluation Forum National Development and Aid Committee (Ministers) (Ministers, Quarterly) National Development and Aid Committee NGO Registration Committee Intersectoral Coordination Forum (DG, Quarterly) Technical Advisory Group led by M&E Section MNPD LNGO Consortium INGO Consortium Joint Sectoral Coordination Forums (DG/PD, Monthly) Sectoral M&E ForumsSector based NGO umbrellas Planning and Statistics Units of all public institutions Institutional M&E Team (DG, PD, and M&E Person) NGOs Aid Coordination Section/ Coordination Department/ Ministry of Planning (Weekly)- M&E Section/ Coordination Department/ Ministry of Planning NGO Registration/ Coordination Department/ Ministry of Planning DAD

11 First Quarter Coordination operations Step 1: MNPD prepared TOR, development mapping, aligned institutions, and development calendar in October, 2010 Step 2: Invited government institutions in October, 2010 for consultation Step 3: Invited International Organization in November, 2010 for consultation Step 4: Joint Sectoral Coordination Forums monthly meetings during last week of December, 2010; then January-March,2011 (Planning Directors) Step 5: Inter-sectoral Quarterly meeting, Second Monday of April, 11.4.2011 (Director Generals of Chair, Co-chair, and secretariat) Step 6: National Development Coordination, Third Monday, (Cabinet level) Step 7: High Level Aid Coordination Forum (Twice a year) Step 8: Sectoral Midterm Review and Annual Development Conference Step 9: DAD

12 4. DAD Implementation Achievement AchievementsChallenges 1. Contract Signed1. Without the Somaliland consultation about the contract terms 2. DAD Somaliland established 2. Ownership yet to be delivered, accessibility should be requested from UNDP, then from Synergy 3. Extensive trainingsTrainings held in Yerevan, Kampala, Hargeisa, Nairobi, rather than inside 3. Somaliland government is committed 3. DAD as MNPD’s system, not national 4. Synergy and UNDP as effective technical backbone 4. Due to the visa problem of the Somali passports, other passports holding Diaspora are attending the trainings, rather government employees 5. Since, Ministry was collecting aid data from 2008, it become familiar 5. The Ministry sent around dozens of letters to its international counter parts to submitted aid through DAD, but 22 INGO submitted

13 5. Way Forward 1. Somaliland is expecting that the DAD will become a solution for the aid ownership, rather than becoming like the aid; where the Aid become like a rain, where no one has say about when, where, and how much to rain 2. Ministry of National Planning and Development should have an implementation schedule, and should have a say. 3. Trainings should be held in Somaliland, and for the Somaliland government staff to improve the sustainability 4. According to the Somaliland 2009 Annual Aid Report, a credit score system should be established among the partners AID LIKE A RAIN

14 Dhamaad (the End) Su’aalo: Questions

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