Why history? "Connecting the past with the present allows us to catch a glimpse of the future."
Job description: floor nurses 1887 In addition to caring for your 50 patients, each nurse will follow these regulations:
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Daily sweep and mop the floors of your ward, dust the patient's furniture and window sills.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Maintain an even temperature in your ward by bringing in a scuttle of coal for the day's business.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Light is important to observe the patient's condition. Therefore, each day fill kerosene lamps, clean chimneys and trim wicks. Wash the windows once a week.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 The nurse's notes are important in aiding the physician's work. Make your pens carefully; you may whittle nibs to your individual taste.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Each nurse on day duty will report every day at 7 a.m. and leave at 8 p.m. except on the Sabbath on which day you will be off from 12 noon to 2 p.m.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Graduate nurses in good standing with the director of nurses will be given an evening off each week for courting purposes or two evenings a week if you go regularly to church.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Each nurse should lay aside from each pay day a goodly sum of her earnings for her benefits during her declining years so that she will not become a burden. For example, if you earn $30 a month you should set aside $15.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 Any nurse who smokes, uses liquor in any form, gets her hair done at a beauty shop, or frequents dance halls will give the director of nurses good reason to suspect her worth, intentions and integrity.
Job description: floor nurses 1887 The nurse who performs her labors and serves her patients and doctors without fault for five years will be given an increase of five cents a day, providing there are no hospital debts outstanding
Nursing “a woman employed to suckle and/or generally care for a younger child” – Wet nurse – Dry nurse Nourishing – promoting quality of life.
17 th century Prior to the foundation of modern nursing – Nuns /monks – Prostitutes (women who followed the army) – Criminals
Nursing “The oldest of arts and the youngest of professions” – (Donahue,1996)
Florence Nightingale "The Lady with the Lamp", Crimean War – book Notes on Nursing Nursing respectable profession 1860 est school of nursing
Theodore Fliedner 1853 Set up a hospital with nurses of a good nature Led to “British Institute of Nursing Sisters”
James Derham 1757-1802 was the first African-American to formally practice medicine in the United States Derham was born into slavery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania By working as a nurse, he purchased his freedom by 1783. He opened a medical practice
Mary Jane Seacole 1805 – 1881 Crimean War "a woman who succeeded despite the racial prejudice of influential sections of Victorian society". autobiography, Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands (1857),
Clara Barton Civil War Nurse Organized the American Red CrossAmerican Red Cross 1881
Louisa May Alcott Author – Little Women Civil War Nurse
Linda Richards 1st professionally trained American nurse Est. nursing training programs – USA – Japan created 1st individual medical records system
DOROTHEA DIX 1802 -1887 American activist for mentally ill – homeless created 1 st American mental asylums Superintendent of Army Nurses – Civil war
Ellen Dougherty 1844 to 1919, first Registered Nurse in the worldRegistered Nurse 1 st country to establish a nursing registry – New Zealand – 1901
Mary Eliza Mahoney 1 st African American nurse graduate – 1879 National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses – Co-founded 1908.
Unite States Nursing Registry 1 st State to pass nursing licensure law North Carolina 1903
The Nightingale 1886 - The Nightingale, the first American nursing journal, is published. 1886
The Nightingale Pledge 1893 – composed by Lystra Gretter is first used by the graduating class (at the old Harper Hospital in Detroit, Michigan)Detroit, Michigan
The Nightingale Pledge I solemnly pledge myself before God and in the presence of this assembly, to pass my life in purity and to practice my profession faithfully.
I will abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous, and will not take or knowingly administer any harmful drug.
I will do all in my power to maintain and elevate the standard of my profession, and will hold in confidence all personal matters committed to my keeping and all family affairs coming to my knowledge in the practice of my calling.
With loyalty will I endeavor to aid the physician, in his work, and devote myself to the welfare of those committed to my care.