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超級聚落(Supercolony) ----综論生命形式的極至

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Presentation on theme: "超級聚落(Supercolony) ----综論生命形式的極至"— Presentation transcript:

1 超級聚落(Supercolony) ----综論生命形式的極至
鍾兆晉 台北縣立林口國民中學總務主任 國立台灣大學昆蟲學研究所博士候選人

2 Misconcept

3 Division of Labor in Human

4 Life Form in Earth Organism Superorganism Supercolony

5 Colony Self-organized Decentralized system Decided by workers

6 Eusocial Insect Division of labor Caste differentiation Communication
Polyethism Effective recruitment system

7 What is “supercolony”? High relatedness Budding foundation Sympatric
No aggressive behavior High drifting ratio

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12 Supercolony of gray-black spiny ant, Polyrachis dives
Multiple migration within a supercolony Adult transport 36 colonies in a supercolony recorded(Yatsusuke et. al., 1987)

13 Species expressed supercolony
Polyrhachis dives Polyrhachis sokolova Polyrhachis robsoni Formica yessensis Formica paralugubris Linepithema humile Lasius neglectus Anoplolepis gracilipes Pheidole sps.

14 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution
From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

15 Anoplolepis gracilipes Pheidole sps.
Polyrhachis dives Polyrhachis sokolova Polyrhachis robsoni Formica yessensis Formica paralugubris Linepithema humile Lasius neglectus Anoplolepis gracilipes Pheidole sps. Formicinae Dolichoderinae Myrmicinae

16 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution
From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

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18 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution
From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

19 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution
From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

20 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution
From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

21 Molecular analysis Microsatellite DNA
Carbohydrate components of cuticle

22 Argue against California ant 'supercolony' might not be so super after all By Dan Vergano, USA TODAY An ant "supercolony" in California might actually be nests of unrelated ant invaders, according to researchers who are trying to figure out how to end the insects' reign.

23 Does the phenomenon, division of laber, exist in the supercolony level?
previous study focus on “colony” as a unit of social organization Special function Different level

24 How to divide a supercolony into different functional group?
Central colony Reproductive colony Supportive colony Reserve colony

25 Division of Labor in Supercolony of Gray-Black Spiny Ant, Polyrhachis dives
code Total colony number Central colony number Reproductive colony number Supportive colony number Reserve colony number Sample area SC- 01 6 1 3 Hu-Bei village SC- 02 11 5 4 Din-Hu village SC- 03 17 2 8

26 Individual colony supercolony

27 Thank you!


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