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超級聚落( Supercolony ) ---- 综論生命形式的極至 鍾兆晉 台北縣立林口國民中學總務主任 國立台灣大學昆蟲學研究所博士候選人.

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Presentation on theme: "超級聚落( Supercolony ) ---- 综論生命形式的極至 鍾兆晉 台北縣立林口國民中學總務主任 國立台灣大學昆蟲學研究所博士候選人."— Presentation transcript:

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2 超級聚落( Supercolony ) ---- 综論生命形式的極至 鍾兆晉 台北縣立林口國民中學總務主任 國立台灣大學昆蟲學研究所博士候選人

3 Misconcept

4 Division of Labor in Human

5 Life Form in Earth Organism Superorganism Supercolony

6 Self-organizedSelf-organized Decentralized system Decided by workers

7 Eusocial Insect Division of labor Caste differentiation Communication Polyethism Effective recruitment system

8 What is “supercolony”? High relatedness Budding foundation Sympatric No aggressive behavior High drifting ratio

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13 Supercolony of gray-black spiny ant, Polyrachis dives Multiple migration within a supercolony Adult transport 36 colonies in a supercolony recorded(Yatsusuke et. al., 1987)

14 Species expressed supercolony Polyrhachis dives Polyrhachis sokolova Polyrhachis robsoni Formica yessensis Formica paralugubris Linepithema humile Lasius neglectus Anoplolepis gracilipes Pheidole sps.

15 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

16 Polyrhachis dives Polyrhachis sokolova Polyrhachis robsoni Formica yessensis Formica paralugubris Linepithema humile Lasius neglectus Anoplolepis gracilipes Pheidole sps. Formicinae Dolichoderinae Myrmicinae

17 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

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19 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

20 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

21 Origin of Supercolony Multi-original evolution From monogyny to polygyny Basic on sympatric From independent founding to budding Sub-nest and sub-colony

22 Molecular analysis Microsatellite DNA Carbohydrate components of cuticle

23 Argue against California ant 'supercolony' might not be so super after all By Dan Vergano, USA TODAY An ant "supercolony" in California might actually be nests of unrelated ant invaders, according to researchers who are trying to figure out how to end the insects' reign.

24 Does the phenomenon, division of laber, exist in the supercolony level? previous study focus on “colony” as a unit of social organization Special function Different level

25 How to divide a supercolony into different functional group? Central colony Reproductive colony Supportive colony Reserve colony

26 Division of Labor in Supercolony of Gray-Black Spiny Ant, Polyrhachis dives code Total colony number Central colony number Reproductive colony number Supportive colony number Reserve colony number Sample area SC Hu-Bei village SC Din-Hu village SC Din-Hu village

27 Individual colony supercolony

28 Thank you!


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