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Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed 1 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics−10601100.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed 1 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics−10601100."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed 1 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− An-Najah National University College of Engineering Chapter 1 General Introduction Including Historical Perspective

2 2 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed Before we Start…. Let me Tell you a Story  A college freshman, attending a recent football game, tried to explain to a senior citizen sitting next to him why it was impossible for the older generation to understand his generation  “You grew up in a different world, an almost ancient one" The student said,…the young people of today have grown up with TV, cell phones, space travel and spaceships visiting Mars. We have nuclear energy, electric and hydrogen cars, computers with light-speed processing, towers, highways, railways...and”, pausing to take another drink of soda  The senior citizen took advantage of the break in the student's explanation and said, "You're right, son. We didn't have those things when we were young, so we invented them, designed them, tested them, produce/constructed them

3 3 What are you going to do for the next generation? Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed Now, the Question is……

4 4 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed How /Why did you Selected Engineering as your Major? 1.Because of the engineering classes at my high school 2.I did well in math or science 3.My mother told me “be an engineer or die” 4.My father and brother are engineers 5.I have always been questioning how things work 6.I like to fix things 7.I heard that the salaries are higher that for other majors 8.Gives me social respect, it sounds well to be an engineer

5 5 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed Guess what?  Most engineers discover engineering in Colleges and Universities  Family and friends have a lot of influence on our decisions your decision!  At the end, however, it is your decision!

6 6 What is Engineering?  Engineering is the profession in which knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied with judgment to develop ways to use, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. engineering  In the WordWeb dictionary, engineering is “The discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems” or  Engineering is the practice and method of applying scientific and empirical knowledge to the service of humanity Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

7 7 Engineering is….  A Profession  Design  Development  Test  Production  Engineering is also  Team Work  Communication  Ethics Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

8 Your life is Affected by the Work of Engineers  Examples:  The alarm clock wakes you. Not only is the alarm run by electricity, which must be produced somehow, somewhere, but someone, somewhere designed the alarm mechanism  You take a shower. The faucets are valves which were designed by engineer. The water comes through piping from a central water supply. The entire water distribution system was conceived and designed by engineers Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring Dr. Sameer Shadeed

9 9 Civil Engineering  Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, buildings, and water distribution networks,…etc.  Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

10 10 Why to Become a Civil Engineer?  For money?  For comfort?  For satisfaction  To achieve “something” in life Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

11 11 Pre-requisite?  Strong common sense  Positive attitude  Vision  Honesty and dedication  Ethics  Management skills and teamwork  Courage to face challenges.  Good health: Physical capabilities  Extraordinary Brilliant: NOT necessary…! Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

12 12 Civil Engineering Department (Introduction)  The Department of Civil Engineering aims at becoming a model department in terms of students, faculty and staff in Palestine and in the Arab world. The department was established in 1979 with the department of Architecture. During the first year of its foundation, only (40) students were admitted. Since then the number has increased every year totaling a number around 900 of graduate and undergraduate students in the academic year 2012/2013.  After 32 years, the department remains recognized as one of the most prestigious civil engineering departments, with undergraduate and graduate programs rated among the top in the region. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

13 13 Civil Engineering Department (Introduction)  The Department currently has 26 full time teaching staff: 23 professors and 3 lecturers. The department employs well- qualified faculty members with many years of academic and practical experience both regionally and internationally. The expertise of the academic staff covers the mean disciplines of civil engineering including: Structural engineering, Water resources and environmental engineering, transportation and highway engineering, surveying, geotechnical engineering, and construction engineering.  In addition, the department has laboratory facilities that are furnished with high quality state-of-the-art equipment facilitating advanced experimental work for teaching, research and consultancy. The laboratories are also staffed with qualified and well-trained laboratory assistants and technicians. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

14 14 Civil Engineering Department (Vision)  The Department seeks excellence in teaching, learning, research and community services, and provides local and regional markets with qualified graduates in various civil engineering fields. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

15 15 Civil Engineering Department (Mission)  Achieve regional leadership in civil engineering education.  Prepare students scientifically and practically and train them for competent and professional engineering practice.  Prepare students to address various civil engineering problems based on solid technical foundations.  Provide opportunities for scientific research and practical applications in civil engineering for the advancement and development of the Palestinian society.  Assure quality and foster systematic pursuit of improvement in education to graduate engineers with abilities and skills to analyze and interpret data, design and conduct experiments, apply knowledge to solve civil engineering problems in a global, economic, societal, and environmental contexts, considering social, political, ethical, health, safety, and sustainability aspects, within a life-long learning framework. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

16 16 Civil Engineering Department (Program Objectives )  Our graduates will have the capacity and the skills that enable them to succeed in their future career within the frame work of continuing education.  Our graduates will possess a high degree of professionalism, innovation, communication and creativity in solving Civil Engineering problems.  Our graduates will be able to demonstrate professional ethics, and will be aware of the environmental and societal issues related to the profession of engineering.  An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering to various civil engineering fields including surveying, civil engineering materials, geotechnical engineering, structures, highways and transportation, water and environment, and civil engineering management. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

17 17 Civil Engineering Department (Student Outcomes ) a.An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering. b.An ability to design and conduct civil engineering experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret related data. c.An ability to design structural, highway and transportation, water and environmental systems and components, or civil engineering operation and management processes to meet desired needs. d.An ability to function in multi-disciplinary teams. e.Ability to identify, formulate, and solve civil engineering problems. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

18 18 Civil Engineering Department (Student Outcomes ) f.An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. g.Ability to communicate effectively. h.The broad education necessary to understand the impact of civil engineering solutions in a global context. i.Recognition of the need for and an ability to engage in life-long learning. j.Knowledge of up-to-date and contemporary issues in civil engineering. k.An Ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice. Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

19 19 Engineering Education  The general purpose of Engineering Education is:  To provide you with the technical tool  To encourage the use of your own creativity to solve a given problem by making a new design or improving an existing system  Engineers need to keep up with the advances of science and technology:  New tools, measurement techniques, manufacturing methods  New materials, products Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

20 20  The Story of Engineering Education/Knowledge gifted engineer  Once upon a time….there was a gifted engineer who had retired after 35 years. Several years later, his company contacted him regarding an impossible problem they were having with their multi-million dollar system x  The engineer reluctantly took the challenge and after he spend several hours studying the system hardware, he marked a small “x” with a marker, on a particular component and told management to replace it  The company received a bill for $50,000  Management immediately asked for an itemized accounting for the charges  The gifted engineer itemized the bill as:  One black marker …….…… $1.00  Knowing where to place it...….$49,999 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed Engineering Education

21 21 Engineering Education  Ability, Motivation and Attitude  Ability is what you are capable of doing  Motivation determines what you will do  Attitude determines how well you do it Lou Hol  Lou Holtz (famous football coach) Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

22 22 Engineering Education  Words of Wisdom  An idea not coupled with action will never get any bigger than the brain cell it occupied. (Arnold H Glasow)  It's not that I'm so smart, it's just that I stay with problems longer. (Albert Einstein)  Education is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think. (Albert Einstein) Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

23 23 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed  When, What and How to Study?  When You feel fresh and energetic (morning): Start with theory and new topics  When you are tired (evening): Problems and revision  Have a look on course outline at the beginning of semester and figure out the Course ILOs  Class Notes:  Make a habit to take notes in class.  Keep your notes and books with you…forever.  Remember…!  No. of hours of self study ≥ twice the class hours.  Don’t have a mentality that firstly I will complete theory and then problems. Both should be done simultaneously. Engineering Education

24  How to get top with minimum study ?  Stair method:  Always set a small goal  Get it done  This will give you lot of confidence.  Then set next higher goal  Never jump directly  Remember: Low Aim Is Crime 24 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed Engineering Education

25 25 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed  Reference Books  Selection of books should be done with proper care, since your success heavily depends on it.  Market/library is flooded with books. So follow only those books in which you are comfortable in understanding the fundamentals  Try to use your own books. Never take your book without pen/pencil in other hand.  Write what you understand/not understand on that book. It will help you in next revision.  Don’t write on Library books. Instead, first make a copy.  It is better to solve/read a book twice rather than two books once.  Clarify your doubts from your teachers/friends. Help others.  Remember, having no concept is better than mis-concept. Engineering Education

26 26 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed  Revision  Close your eyes and try to recollect whatever you had studied.  Do this very systematically, step-by-step and gradually.  When you stuck, open your notes and look.  NEVER try to remember a particular numerical problem.  How many revisions?  First revision: Immediately after the class (5 min)  Second revision: Just before start of the class (5 min)  Third revision: After a week  Last revision: Before exam Engineering Education

27 27 Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed  During Exam  Before going to exam, don’t talk with negative minded persons.  You must be mentally strong. Be confident. You must concentrate on your task regardless of what is going around.  Start with easy question, that will give you confidence.  It is a good practice to write summary at the end of each question.  Don’t loose your confidence even if you have NOT performed well in one exam.  If possible, use two coloured pen- Blue and Black. But don’t waste your time. Make balance between speed and accuracy.  Between two exams, don’t discuss exam paper of previous exam. Engineering Education

28 28 Becoming a Professional Professional Professional = (Knowledge + Experience) X (Ethics * Character * Attitude) Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

29 29  Make sure to balance social, academic and physical activities in your schedule  Well rounded students are generally more effective than students with a “one-track” mind  Remember, everyone will “fail” at some point, it’s how you respond to a failure that determines your future success or failure Becoming a Professional Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

30 30  ”A life spent making mistakes is not only more honorable but more useful than a life spent in doing nothing” George Bernard Shaw  We learn wisdom from failure much more than from success. We often discover what will do, by finding out what will not do; and probably he who never made a mistake never made a discovery.  Remember: Failure is first step of success. How to Overcome Failure Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

31 31 Formula for Success Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed  Success=(Intelligence)×(Hard work)×(Attitude)×(Smartness)

32 32  Broad vision  Be inspired from others  Interact with others  Remember: Excellence is a journey; not destination.  When you achieve success, you will face challenge and again you have to achieve success. Line of Sight Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

33 33 “ Creativity ” in Engineering  Creativity is the cornerstone in any engineering career  For instance, you will be creative in designing a new product (building, machine, …)  You have gained knowledge and mastered many techniques and thus you can create a unique design (before you were unable to do so)  Creativity: compete  Enables the engineer to compete well a higher  The engineer will achieve a higher income distinctive  The outcome will be distinctive Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

34 History of Civil Engineering 34  Civil Engineering practices started at early times and underwent patterns of changes Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

35 35  Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. The earliest practice of civil engineering may have commenced between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, creating a need for the construction of shelter.  During this time, transportation became increasingly important leading to the development of the wheel and sailing.  Until modern times there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture, and the term engineer and architect were mainly geographical variations referring to the same person, often used interchangeably. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

36 36  The history of civil engineering and architectural projects is regional in nature. The development of building design and construction are different from one place to another.  A major reason for differences in the development of construction techniques is the availability of local materials.  Although it is possible to import materials from great distances, the historic reality is that people often used what was easily available to them when constructing buildings. This influenced architectural style and the selection of structural elements.  Of course climate also has an effect on the design and construction of buildings. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

37 37  The construction of Pyramids in Egypt (2700–2500 BC) might be considered the first instances of large structure constructions. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

38 38  The Great Wall of China that was constructed around 200 BC is considered another achievement of ancient civil engineering. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

39 39  The Romans developed civil structures throughout their empire, including especially aqueducts, bridges, dams, roads and colosseum. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

40 40  The first self-proclaimed civil engineer was John Smeaton who constructed the Eddystone Lighthouse.  In 1771 Smeaton and some of his colleagues formed the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers, a group of leaders of the profession who met informally over dinner.  In 1818 the Institution of Civil Engineers was founded in London, and in 1820 the famous engineer Thomas Telford became its first president. The institution received a Royal Charter in 1828, formally recognizing civil engineering as a profession. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

41 41  Civil engineering societies were formed in United States and European countries during the 19th century, and similar institutions were established in other countries of the world during the 20th century.  The American Society of Civil Engineers is the first national engineering society in the United States. In was founded in 1852 with members related to the civil engineering profession located globally.  The first private college to teach Civil Engineering in the United States was Norwich University founded in 1819 by Captain Alden Partridge. History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

42 42  The number of universities in the world that include civil engineering as a discipline have increased tremendously during the 19th and the 20th centuries, indicating the importance of this technology.  The first degree in Civil Engineering in the United States was awarded by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in  The first such degree to be awarded to a woman was granted by Cornell University to Nora Stanton Blatch in History of Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

43 43  The history of civil engineering in Islam is a very wide subject indeed, and it is not easy to do it justice in one slide.  For instance, Muslim engineers had a vital role in the development of Irrigation and water supply systems, dams, bridges, building construction, and surveying. History of Civil Engineering in Islam Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

44 44  Numerous technologies have assisted in the advancement of civil engineering in the modern world, including high-tech machinery, selection of materials, test equipment, and other sciences.  However, the most prominent contributor in this field is considered to be computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacture (CAM).  Civil engineers use this technology to achieve an efficient system of construction. Three-dimensional design software is an essential tool for the civil engineer that facilitates him in the efficient designing of bridges, tall buildings, and other huge complicated structures. Modern Concepts In Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed

45 45  Civil engineers use and develop modern technology to meet the needs of our changing society.  Concerns for environmental quality, energy conservation, infrastructure restoration and public safety now shape the role of civil engineers.  The introduction of advanced materials, computer-aided and communication-based technologies for planning, design and management is changing the way civil engineers practice.  In the area of environmental protection, civil engineers continue their longstanding work on water and waste treatment and management for growing urban populations and industries, but today they also focus on areas such as ecosystem restoration, waste reduction, recycling and air pollution abatement. Modern Concepts In Civil Engineering Introduction to Civil Engineering and Professional Ethics− Spring 2014 Dr. Sameer Shadeed


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