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Chemical property A property that describes the ability of a substance to react
Chemical bond The forces that join atoms to each other
element A substance made up of only one kind of atom
compound A substance made up of 2 or more different elements
Physical property A property that describes the characteristics of a substance that can be measured without changing the characteristics of the substance
solubility The ability to be dissolved
mixture A combination of 2 or more kinds of matter, each of which keeps its own physical properties
Change of state Occurs when heat is added to or taken away from a substance
melting Occurs when a solid becomes a liquid
evaporation Occurs when a liquid becomes a gas
condensation Occurs when a gas becomes a liquid
freezing Occurs when a liquid becomes a solid
sugar C ₆ H ₁₂ O ₆
Physical change A window breaking
Physical change Butter melting
Chemical change A nail rusting
Chemical change Paper burning
chemical Metal reacting
Physical change Water freezing
Chemical change Production of gas
20 mL of water in a pie pan Which will evaporate 1 st ? 20 mL of water in a pie pan OR 20 mL of water in a glass
3 mL of water at 60 ◦c Which will evaporate 1 st ? 3 mL of water at 60◦c OR 3 mL of water at 30 ◦c
10 mL of water in the sun Which will evaporate 1 st ? 10 mL of water in the shade OR 10 mL of water in the sun
15 mL of water in an area with low humidity Which will evaporate 1 st ? 15 mL of water in an area with high humidity OR 15 mL of water in an area of low humidity
5 mL of water Which will evaporate 1 st ? 15 mL of water OR 5 mL of water
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt 2pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt Mixture or Compound Mixture or Compound.
Physical Changes in Matter. Physical Changes Physical Change – a change in matter that DOES NOT change what the matter is made up of This includes: Changes.
Changes in Matter. 1. Physical Change _______________ – alters the form or appearance of matter but DOES NOT change it into a different substance
SC.5.P.9.1. The Effects of Temperature on Physical and Chemical Changes The student knows that common materials (e.g. water) can be changed from one state.
Terms on phase changes: ___1. Boiling point ___1. Boiling point ___2. Melting point ___2. Melting point ___3. Vaporization point ___3. Vaporization point.
Lesson 18 - Changing Mixtures You will investigate how adding salt affects the melting and boiling points of water. You will also investigate the melting.
Matter- Anything that has mass and takes up space Substance – A single kind of matter that is pure, has a specific set of properties Examples: Table.
Section 3.4—Changes in Matter What type of changes can produce a gas for an airbag?
Matter Practice Quiz Which of the following is NOT an example of matter? 1.air 2.heat 3.smoke 4.water vapor Response Grid.
Matter anything that has mass and takes up space.
CHARACTERISTICS OF MATTER Building Blocks of Matter Atoms – smallest part of an element that still maintains the properties of that element Molecules.
Chemistry Study of Matter Matter- anything that has mass and volume.
Physical and Chemical Changes. Objective: Chemical/Physical Change □ The learner will be able to distinguish between a physical and chemical change.
SolidLiquidGas Spacingclosestintermediatevery far Shapefixed (lattice) bottom of container container Intermolecular forces strongintermediateweak.
Changes Physical & Chemical. Physical Change A physical change is a change in size, shape, form, or state of matter in which the matter’s identity stays.
Chemistry. Describing Matter Matter – anything that has a mass and takes up space. Air, plastic, metal wood, glass, paper, and water are all matter.
Vocabulary Labs States of Matter ChangesMiscellaneous.
Properties Changes Mixtures & Solutions Mass, Volume,
The smallest particle that still behaves like the original matter it came from. Atom.
Describing Matter Physical Properties -characteristics of a pure substance that can be observed without changing it into another substance. Examples: Physical.
Physical and Chemical Changes. Physical Changes 1) Physical changes affect the physical properties of matter, (things like size, shape, appearance) but.
–Chemical reactions occur when bonds between the outermost parts of atoms (valence electrons) are formed or broken.
Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes. Physical Properties Any characteristic of a material that can be observed or measured with out changing.
List 3 Examples of Matter: 1. Solids- definite shape and volume 2. Liquids- definite volume, no definite shape 3. Gases – No definite shape, no definite.
Matter Properties, states, changes, and mixtures.
Section 3.4—Changes in Matter What type of changes can produce a gas for an airbag? Objective: Distinguish between chemical and physical changes.
Phasing Out For Sale Chiggity-Change
CHEMICAL BUILDING BLOCKS LESSON 1, CHAPTER 1 Describing Matter.
Chapter 2 Matter and Change. What is matter? Matter is defined as anything that has mass and takes up space. atoms- smallest unit of an element that.
Physical and Chemical Properties Characteristics used to identify or describe all matter.
UNIT 5 MATTER. FREEZING Liquid water cools down zero degrees Celsius. It changes into ice. EVAPORATION Liquid water heats up. It changes into water vapour.
Unit 2 Test Review. When an iron nail is ground into powder what happens to it’s mass? It stays the same.
JEOPARDY! UNIT 1 States of Matter. Physical and chemical properties and changes Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures States of Matter Changes of State All.
Introduction to Matter Describing Matter. Properties of Matter What is Matter? Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
Matter and Energy Chapter 1 & 2 vocabulary Chemistry.
Chemical Properties & Changes. Objectives Determine what are chemical properties Describe what happens during a chemical change Compare & contrast physical.
The vertical columns of the periodic table Groups.
Chemical and physical properties. Matter All matter has 2 types of properties: Physical properties and chemical properties.
HOW MATTER CHANGES CHAPTER 5. Lesson 1 Essential Question: What are physical changes in matter?
Fig. 9.3 Investigating Matter Chapter 11. Homework Assignment Chap 11 Review Questions (p 237): 3 – 20 Multiple Choice Questions:
1. Think of your favorite food. 2. How would you describe your food? 3. What does it look like? Smell like? Think of descriptive words.
Chemistry Vocabulary. matter anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chapter 2 Introduction to Matter Section 1 Describing Matter.
States of Matter and Physical and Chemical Changes 1.
Matter – Anything that has mass and occupies space. Chemistry is the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes Properties of matter: ways.
Matter: Properties & Change 6.P.2.1 Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the.
Warm-Up List 5 physical properties. List 5 physical changes.
1.Matter anything that takes up space. 2.A liquid has a definite volume, but no definite shape. 3.A gas does not have a volume or a definite shape. 4.A.
Physical and Chemical Changes Spring Kinetic Theory of Matter THEORY OF KINETIC ENERGY A. ATOMS ARE ALWAYS MOVING B. THE MORE ENERGY ADDED TO THE.
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