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1 The part of the neuron responsible for carrying a message from one side of a neuron to the other is called: 1.Soma 2.Dendrite 3.Axon 4.Glial cells 5.Myelin.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The part of the neuron responsible for carrying a message from one side of a neuron to the other is called: 1.Soma 2.Dendrite 3.Axon 4.Glial cells 5.Myelin."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The part of the neuron responsible for carrying a message from one side of a neuron to the other is called: 1.Soma 2.Dendrite 3.Axon 4.Glial cells 5.Myelin LO 2.2

2 2 The part of the neuron responsible for carrying a message from one side of a neuron to the other is called: 1.Soma 2.Dendrite 3.Axon (p. 45) 4.Glial cells 5.Myelin LO 2.2

3 3 ________ is a fatty substance that forms a protective coating around the axon of a neuron. 1.Dendrite 2.Soma 3.Terminal branches 4.Neurilemma 5.Myelin LO 2.2

4 4 ________ is a fatty substance that forms a protective coating around the axon of a neuron. 1.Dendrite 2.Soma 3.Terminal branches 4.Neurilemma 5.Myelin (p. 46) LO 2.2

5 5 When an action potential occurs, _______ ions come into a section of the axon to make it more positive. 1.sodium 2.chloride 3.neurotransmitter 4.potassium 5.hydrogen LO 2.2

6 6 When an action potential occurs, _______ ions come into a section of the axon to make it more positive. 1.sodium (p. 48) 2.chloride 3.neurotransmitter 4.potassium 5.hydrogen LO 2.2

7 7 _________ are sections on a dendrite onto which neurotransmitters attach so a message can be received by a neuron: 1.Synapse vesicles 2.Synaptic gap 3.Receptor sites 4.Action potentials 5.Resting potentials LO 2.3

8 8 _________ are sections on a dendrite onto which neurotransmitters attach so a message can be received by a neuron: 1.Synapse vesicles 2.Synaptic gap 3.Receptor sites (p. 50) 4.Action potentials 5.Resting potentials LO 2.3

9 9 _______ is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that helps to reduce anxiety by binding to the same receptor sites that are affected by tranquilizers and alcohol. 1.Serotonin 2.GABA 3.Acetylcholine 4.Glutamate 5.Dopamine LO 2.4

10 10 _______ is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that helps to reduce anxiety by binding to the same receptor sites that are affected by tranquilizers and alcohol. 1.Serotonin 2.GABA (p. 51) 3.Acetylcholine 4.Glutamate 5.Dopamine LO 2.4

11 11 An excitatory neurotransmitter that is involved with memory is called: 1.Serotonin 2.GABA 3.Glutamate 4.Acetylcholine 5.Norepinephrine LO 2.4

12 12 An excitatory neurotransmitter that is involved with memory is called: 1.Serotonin 2.GABA 3.Glutamate 4.Acetylcholine (p. 51) 5.Norepinephrine LO 2.4

13 13 The ___________ nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. 1.peripheral 2.autonomic 3.somatic 4.parasympathetic 5.central LO 2.5

14 14 The ___________ nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. 1.peripheral 2.autonomic 3.somatic 4.parasympathetic 5.central (p. 53) LO 2.5

15 15 This section of the nervous system is responsible for calming the body after a stressful response: 1.Sympathetic 2.Central 3.Parasympathetic 4.Autonomic 5.Sensory neurons LO 2.6

16 16 This section of the nervous system is responsible for calming the body after a stressful response: 1.Sympathetic 2.Central 3.Parasympathetic (p ) 4.Autonomic 5.Sensory neurons LO 2.6

17 17 _________ is a technique used to study the brain that involves injecting radioactive glucose to detect activity in the brain during various tasks. 1.MRI scan 2.PET scan 3.CT scan 4.EEG 5.Deep lesioning LO 2.8

18 18 _________ is a technique used to study the brain that involves injecting radioactive glucose to detect activity in the brain during various tasks. 1.MRI scan 2.PET scan (p. 62) 3.CT scan 4.EEG 5.Deep lesioning LO 2.8

19 19 This section of the brain is located at the top of the spinal column and is involved with life-sustaining functions such as heart rate, respiration, and swallowing: 1.Pons 2.Reticular formation 3.Medulla 4.Thalamus 5.Hypothalamus LO 2.9

20 20 This section of the brain is located at the top of the spinal column and is involved with life-sustaining functions such as heart rate, respiration, and swallowing: 1.Pons 2.Reticular formation 3.Medulla (p. 63) 4.Thalamus 5.Hypothalamus LO 2.9

21 21 A patient in a hospital has difficulty controlling fine motor movement, coordinating simple movements that are involved in more complex movements (e.g., walking), and has difficulty with balance. The brain area that is most likely damaged is called: 1.Reticular formation 2.Cerebellum 3.Medulla 4.Pons 5.Thalamus LO 2.9

22 22 A patient in a hospital has difficulty controlling fine motor movement, coordinating simple movements that are involved in more complex movements (e.g., walking), and has difficulty with balance. The brain area that is most likely damaged is called: 1.Reticular formation 2.Cerebellum (p. 64) 3.Medulla 4.Pons 5.Thalamus LO 2.9

23 23 The __________ is involved with responses related to fear relatively quickly, allowing people to respond to danger sometimes before even being consciously aware that it exists: 1.amygdala 2.thalamus 3.hypothalamus 4.hippocampus 5.pons LO 2.10

24 24 The __________ is involved with responses related to fear relatively quickly, allowing people to respond to danger sometimes before even being consciously aware that it exists: 1.amygdala (p. 66) 2.thalamus 3.hypothalamus 4.hippocampus 5.pons LO 2.10

25 25 This area of the brain is responsible for higher mental functions, such as planning, personality, memory, and decision making: 1.Temporal lobes 2.Parietal lobes 3.Frontal lobes 4.Occipital lobes 5.Motor cortex LO 2.12

26 26 This area of the brain is responsible for higher mental functions, such as planning, personality, memory, and decision making: 1.Temporal lobes 2.Parietal lobes 3.Frontal lobes (p. 68) 4.Occipital lobes 5.Motor cortex LO 2.12

27 27 ________ is an association area located in the left temporal lobe that is responsible for understanding the meaning of language. 1.Broca’s area 2.Wernicke’s area 3.Somatosensory cortex 4.Corpus callosum 5.Motor cortex LO 2.12

28 28 ________ is an association area located in the left temporal lobe that is responsible for understanding the meaning of language. 1.Broca’s area 2.Wernicke’s area (p. 69) 3.Somatosensory cortex 4.Corpus callosum 5.Motor cortex LO 2.12

29 29 The area of the brain that connects the two cerebral hemispheres and is often severed in split brain patients is called: 1.Temporal lobe 2.Parietal lobe 3.Occipital lobe 4.Frontal lobe 5.Corpus callosum LO 2.13

30 30 The area of the brain that connects the two cerebral hemispheres and is often severed in split brain patients is called: 1.Temporal lobe 2.Parietal lobe 3.Occipital lobe 4.Frontal lobe 5.Corpus callosum (p. 67) LO 2.13

31 31 _________ is a hormone that is implicated in sleep-wake cycles: 1.Insulin 2.Melatonin 3.Cortisol 4.Glucagons 5.Thyroxin LO 2.14

32 32 _________ is a hormone that is implicated in sleep-wake cycles: 1.Insulin 2.Melatonin (p. 73) 3.Cortisol 4.Glucagons 5.Thyroxin LO 2.14


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