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Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture. The Seven Characteristics of Conversational Speech 1. Speech is transient, rather than permanent. 2. Speech is.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture. The Seven Characteristics of Conversational Speech 1. Speech is transient, rather than permanent. 2. Speech is."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture

2 The Seven Characteristics of Conversational Speech 1. Speech is transient, rather than permanent. 2. Speech is additive or ‘rhapsodic’. 3. Speech is aggregative./ phatic communion 4. Speech is redundant or ‘copious’

3 5. Speech is loosely structured grammatically and is lexically sparse. 6. Speech tends to be people-centered, writing tends to be topic- centered. 7. Speech, being close to the situation at hand, is context dependent.

4 These seven features are not inherent (permanent) in the spoken or written medium. Orality and literacy have to be seen as a continuum use of both the spoken & written languages. E.g. – s/ memos (written in the orate mode/ ‘informal style’) – presentations/ lectures (spoken in the literate mode/ ‘elevated style’)

5 The cultural matrix of language as it is used in verbal exchanges 1)Indicating Status: - via words/ titles - clip #20 2)Social positioning - via intonation, pronunciation (footing) - - code switching - cultural frame/ speech order - clip #22& 21 3)Protecting face - via order of speech & respect - example ‘Japanese’ - clip #23

6 4) Conversational style - depends on contexts of situation/ culture - interview? Friendly? Silent? Loud? … 5)Narrative style - via story telling - less details/ analysis vs. more


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