Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture

2 The Seven Characteristics of Conversational Speech
1. Speech is transient, rather than permanent. 2. Speech is additive or ‘rhapsodic’. 3. Speech is aggregative./ phatic communion 4. Speech is redundant or ‘copious’

3 5. Speech is loosely structured grammatically and is lexically sparse.
6. Speech tends to be people-centered, writing tends to be topic- centered. 7. Speech, being close to the situation at hand, is context dependent.

4 These seven features are not inherent (permanent) in the spoken or written medium.
Orality and literacy have to be seen as a continuum use of both the spoken & written languages. E.g. s/ memos (written in the orate mode/ ‘informal style’) presentations/ lectures (spoken in the literate mode/ ‘elevated style’)

5 The cultural matrix of language as it is used in verbal exchanges
Indicating Status: - via words/ titles - clip #20 Social positioning - via intonation, pronunciation (footing) code switching - cultural frame/ speech order - clip #22& 21 Protecting face - via order of speech & respect - example ‘Japanese’ - clip #23

6 4) Conversational style
- depends on contexts of situation/ culture - interview? Friendly? Silent? Loud? … Narrative style - via story telling - less details/ analysis vs. more

Download ppt "Chapter 4 Spoken language, Oral culture"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google