Presentation on theme: "A. Jean Ayres, PhD, OTR, FAOTA"— Presentation transcript:
1 A. Jean Ayres, PhD, OTR, FAOTA The Pioneer BehindSensory Integration
2 ReferenceBlanche Kiefer, D. Surfas, S. (2010). A. Jean Ayres: The Pioneer Behind Sensory Integration. Torrance, CA: Pediatric Therapy Network (DVD)
3 Every field of study has founding and influential theorists and leaders Developmental Psychology ~ PiagetPsychoanalysis ~ FreudNeuro-Developmental Treatment/The Bobath Concept ~Berta and Karel Bobath
4 Examples of Founders, Leaders & Theorists in Occupational Therapy Eleanor Clarke SlagleMargaret RoodAnne MoseyMary Reilly
5 Why learn more about the leaders in occupational therapy? Helps us to understand the foundations of core knowledge and skills in OTGuides us to have a greater understanding of the depth and breadth of the OT professionInspires us!
6 A. Jean Ayres~ Who is she in the world of OT? Developed the theory of sensory integrationOne of the first occupational therapists to use “evidence based practice”Conducted systematic research to build constructs and demonstrate efficacyInvented tests, equipment, and intervention methods that have become one of the most common OT frameworks
7 Leadership Touch Points What qualities do you think Dr. Ayres must have had in order to be able to come up with a new and innovative theory?We hear a lot about “evidenced based practice” now. What do you think would have motivated Dr. Ayres to conduct her research?
8 Her Early Years She grew up on a farm in central California Her father was scientific (a chemist) and her mother was sensitive and artisticHer family had a strong work ethicAdd scan of handwritten notes
9 Her Struggles She spoke about having some learning difficulties Visual tasks were easier for her than verbal language activitiesShe had some health challenges throughout her life
10 Her Personal Side Many artistic skills ~ painted in water color made charcoal drawingsaccomplished seamstress(made many of her own clothes)enjoyed Tai’chi and danceappreciated nature and outdoorsInsert slide of clothes she made
11 Her Personal Side Married late in life (in her 50’s) to Franklin Baker Spoke of Franklin as her biological soul mateNever had children of her own, but was close to nieces and nephews
12 Leadership Touch Points How do you think Dr. Ayres’ early life affected her goals, plans and dreams in life?In what ways might the personal health and learning difficulties Dr. Ayres’ experienced influenced her professional work?
13 Early Training and Professional Work BS in OT from USC ~ 1945MA in OT from USC ~ 1954PhD in Psychology from USC ~ 1961Post-Doctoral study at Brain Research Institute at UCLA ~Worked with children with cerebral palsy and war veterans in the 1950’s and 60’sAdd scan of early article
14 Sensory Integration Theory First paper- AJOT 1954Ontogenetic principles in the development of arm and hand functionsDeveloped tests and conducted studies to understand patterns of sensory integration problems between 1950’s and 1980’sDescribed several main patterns based on numerous factor analysis studiesPublished Sensory Integration & Praxis Tests (SIPT) January 1989
15 Professional Challenges Not initially accepted within OTWas unable to find funding & OTs willing to help with first test standardizationWork was criticized by people outside the profession of OTSensory integration often confused with other methods/interventions
16 Leadership Touch Points How do you think being a woman in the 1950’s affected Dr. Ayres’ professional aspirations and plans?Why do you think that the OT profession did not initially embrace sensory integration theory?
17 Major Accomplishments Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lectureship 19One of the first occupational therapists to receive grant funding for researchOne of 3 first inductees into theAOTF Academy of ResearchAuthor of more than 60 publicationsSensory integration is one of the most widely used theories and interventions in OT
18 Final YearsSpent her last 15 years at her private practice in Torrance CA where she continued to develop assessment and intervention innovationsTrained hundreds of therapists in her 4 month hands-on course in collaboration with USC~ OT610Developed and standardized the Sensory Integration and Praxis Test in collaboration with Western Psychological Services
19 Leading a Completely Meaningful Life Her work ethic evident to the end of her lifeDr Ayres passed away in December 1988SIPT published January 1989Her husband, Franklin, although previously in good health, experience a quick decline and passed away inAt her memorial service, hundreds of people recounted stories of Dr. Ayres’ mentorship, support and guidance
20 Leadership Touch Points What qualities and attributes are required to become a leader?How do you think Dr. Ayres’ work has influenced the profession of OT?Do you think Dr. Ayres ideas have had an influence outside of OT? If so, how?