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Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Lesson 5 Joseph C. Blumenthal.

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Presentation on theme: "Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Lesson 5 Joseph C. Blumenthal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Lesson 5 Joseph C. Blumenthal

2 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Some action verbs can make complete statements about their subjects. Other action verbs require another word to complete the meaning of the sentence. An action verb is (always, sometimes) followed by a direct object.

3 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Some action verbs can make complete statements about their subjects. Other action verbs require another word to complete the meaning of the sentence. An action verb is (always, sometimes) followed by a direct object.

4 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Although sentence a provides more detail than sentence b, the verb rose makes a (complete, incomplete) statement about the subject in both sentences. a.The price of steel rose as a result of the strike. b.The price rose.

5 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Although sentence a provides more detail than sentence b, the verb rose makes a (complete, incomplete) statement about the subject in both sentences. a.The price of steel rose as a result of the strike. b.The price rose.

6 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Does the verb rose require a complement to complete the meaning of this sentence? (Yes, No) The price of steel rose as a result of the strike.

7 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Does the verb rose require a complement to complete the meaning of this sentence? (Yes, No) The price of steel rose as a result of the strike.

8 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Several athletes from our school completed. Here are two different action verb patterns: Subject—Action Verb (S—V) Subject—Action Verb  Direct Object (S—V—DO) The pattern of this sentence is (S—V, S—V—DO).

9 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Several athletes from our school completed. Here are two different action verb patterns: Subject—Action Verb (S—V) Subject—Action Verb  Direct Object (S—V—DO) The pattern of this sentence is (S—V, S—V—DO).

10 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Anias Nin filled many diaries with her careful observations of people. Subject—Action Verb (S—V) Subject—Action Verb  Direct Object (S—V—DO) The pattern of this sentence is (S—V, S—V—DO).

11 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Anias Nin filled many diaries with her careful observations of people. Subject—Action Verb (S—V) Subject—Action Verb  Direct Object (S—V—DO) The pattern of this sentence is (S—V, S—V—DO).

12 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Which sentence is in the S-V-DO pattern? a.The principal spoke a few words. b.The principal spoke briefly.

13 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Which sentence is in the S-V-DO pattern? a.The principal spoke a few words. b.The principal spoke briefly.

14 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns –Mr. Harvey sold his stamp collection recently. –Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection. In addition to a direct object, the S- V-DO sentence contains an indirect object, which explains to whom (or to what) or for whom (or for what) something is done. Which sentence contains an indirect object?

15 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns –Mr. Harvey sold his stamp collection recently. –Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection. In addition to a direct object, the S- V-DO sentence contains an indirect object, which explains to whom (or to what) or for whom (or for what) something is done. Which sentence contains an indirect object?

16 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection. The indirect object in this sentence is __________.

17 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection. sister The indirect object in this sentence is _ sister ___.

18 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection. When an indirect object is present, it always comes (before, after) the direct object.

19 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection. When an indirect object is present, it always comes (before, after) the direct object.

20 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The charcoal gives the meat a tangy flavor. The indirect object in this sentence is _________.

21 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The charcoal gives the meat a tangy flavor. meat The indirect object in this sentence is __ meat __.

22 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a. Shirley read Cynthia her letter. b. Shirley read her letter to Cynthia. In which sentence is Cynthia an indirect object?

23 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a. Shirley read Cynthia her letter. b. Shirley read her letter to Cynthia. In which sentence is Cynthia an indirect object?

24 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns A linking verb can never by itself make a complete statement about its subject. A linking verb must (always, sometimes) be completed by a subject complement that describes or identifies the subject of the sentence.

25 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns A linking verb can never by itself make a complete statement about its subject. A linking verb must (always, sometimes) be completed by a subject complement that describes or identifies the subject of the sentence.

26 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a. are, were, seemed, became b. ate, took, studied, listened Would you expect to find a subject complement after the words in group a or group b?

27 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a. are, were, seemed, became b. ate, took, studied, listened Would you expect to find a subject complement after the words in group a or group b?

28 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Subject-Linking Verb  Subject Compliment (S-LV-SC) a.Larry lost his voice b.Larry became hoarse. Which sentence is in the S-LV-SC pattern?

29 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Subject-Linking Verb  Subject Compliment (S-LV-SC) a.Larry lost his voice b.Larry became hoarse. Which sentence is in the S-LV-SC pattern?

30 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a.Larry became a… b.Larry found a… Which sentence would be completed by a subject compliment?

31 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a.Larry became a … b.Larry found a … Which sentence would be completed by a subject compliment?

32 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a.The boys are getting their own lunch. b.The boys are getting hungry. In one sentence, are getting is an action verb followed by a direct object; in the other, it is a linking verb followed by a subject compliment. The verb are getting is a linking verb in which sentence?

33 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a.The boys are getting their own lunch. b.The boys are getting hungry. In one sentence, are getting is an action verb followed by a direct object; in the other, it is a linking verb followed by a subject compliment. The verb are getting is a linking verb in which sentence?

34 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The boys are getting hungry. The word hungry is a (direct object, subject compliment).

35 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The boys are getting hungry. The word hungry is a (direct object, subject compliment).

36 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a.The quality of the programs is excellent. b.The quality of the program is improving. In one of the sentences is serves as a helper to the main verb. In the other, it is a linking verb followed by a subject complement. Which sentence contains a subject complement?

37 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns a.The quality of the programs is excellent. b.The quality of the program is improving. In one of the sentences is serves as a helper to the main verb. In the other, it is a linking verb followed by a subject complement. Which sentence contains a subject complement?

38 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Gwen felt…about the tear in her jeans. The missing word in this sentence would be a (subject complement, direct object).

39 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Gwen felt…about the tear in her jeans. The missing word in this sentence would be a (subject complement, direct object).

40 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns We moved the…to the kitchen. The missing word in this sentence would be a (subject complement, direct object).

41 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns We moved the…to the kitchen. The missing word in this sentence would be a (subject complement, direct object).

42 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The house seemed strangely empty without the children The word empty is a _______ _______.

43 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The house seemed strangely empty without the children The word empty is a subject complement.

44 In the following frames write the answers on your own sheet of paper.

45 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign The boys sing sweetly. 1. S- 2. V-

46 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign One must have been hiding. 3. S- 4. V-

47 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign Students write essays. 5. S- 6. V- 7. DO-

48 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign Henry took off his raincoat. 8. S- 9. V- 10. DO-

49 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign I gave the teacher my essay. 11. S- 12. V- 13. IO– 14. DO-

50 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign He taught others the game. 15. S- 16. V- 17. IO- 18. DO-

51 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign Michael Jackson was the “King of Pop”. 19. S- 20. V- 21. SC-

52 Remember: V - a verb includes its helpers DO – who or what receives the action IO – identifies for whom or to whom SC – renames, so you can replace the LV with an = sign He is an icon in our culture. 22. S- 23. V- 24. SC-

53 Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns You are done!!!


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