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The History of the English Language Research paper.

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1 The History of the English Language Research paper

2 Copy this thesis on to a card. It is the last sentence of your introduction. The English language developed over a long period of time and is divided into three periods: Old English, Middle English, and Modern English (Beers, 55). and M

3 Standard 1.2 Understand the most important points in the history of English language and use common word origins to determine the historical influences on English word meanings.

4 Choosing a website.Org (non-profit).Edu (education).gov (government) Better Google I feel lucky

5 Research Question How did the English language develop and why is it the largest in the world?

6 Thesis Statement The English language developed over a long period of time and may divided into three periods: Old, Middle, and Modern English.

7 etymology The study of word origins or the history of a word (

8 Map of Europe

9 England

10 The Celts Old English #1 Celtic language first in Britain. Scots, Irish, Welsh descendants of Celtic

11 Romans: Julius Ceasar They spoke Latin; He conquered, but they did not leave their language since Rome was falling. Romance Languages: French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian.

12 #1 Old English begins when the Anglos, Saxons, Jutes invade England in 500 A.D. (Light History) Old English is an Anglo-Saxon Germanic language

13 Old English Source #3 A.D In the 5 th century, the tribes of Anglo-Saxons from Northern Europe arrived in Britain. They found a Celtic speaking people who had earlier been conquered by the Romans. They combined their Germanic language with the Celtic and started to form a new language (Beers, 55). Old English continued on the next slide.

14 #3 Old English Continued (p. 55) A.D Then the Vikings or Norsemen who spoke Norse arrived from Scandinavia. These languages (Celtic, Anglo-Saxon Germanic, Norse) formed Old English, an oral language. Mostly one syllable words The written language was Latin. Horse, Night and Wife are O.E. (Beers, 55)

15 #3 Old English Continued (p. 55) A.D Then the Vikings or Norsemen who spoke Norse arrived from Scandinavia came. These languages formed Old English, an oral language. The written language was Latin. Horse, Night and Wife are O.E. (Beers, 55)

16 Beowulf, an Old English Epic Poem Source #1 Most famous work of Old English literature

17 Source 1(Light History) Almost every one syllable word we speak is from Anglo Saxon German Old English AD

18 Middle English AD In 1066, William the Conqueror from Normandy, France invades England.

19 William the Conqueror from Normandy, France

20 The Norman Conquest/ The Battle of Hastings

21 England becomes bilingual during Middle English English: ox, sheep, swine, calf French: beef, mutton, pork, veal The rich and upper class spoke French Latin, but the lower class spoke Anglo- Saxon German (Beers, 55).

22 Middle English #3 Three words that survive today from French/Latin Middle English are government, justice, and literature (Beers, 55).

23 Chaucer was a 14 th century author of The Canterbury Tales written in Middle English

24 Caxton invented the Printing Press in 1476

25 Modern English is 1500 to present Renaissance was the rebirth of interest Greek and Roman art, literature Astro-star Naut-sailor Astronaut

26 Modern English Great vowel shift In Middle English the last vowel of a word was emphasized, but in Modern English, the first vowel is typically stressed.

27 William Shakespeare Used 21,500 different words 3,000 invented words

28 Shakespeare invented: Words Shakespeare Invented Academe accused addiction advertising amazement arouse assassination backing bandit bedroom beached besmirch birthplace blanket bloodstained barefaced blushing bet bump buzzer caked cater champion circumstantialAcademeaccusedaddictionadvertising amazementarouseassassinationbacking banditbedroombeachedbesmirch birthplaceblanketbloodstainedbarefaced blushingbetbumpbuzzercakedcater championcircumstantial

29 Shakespeare invented these Coldblooded compromise courtship countless critic dauntless dawn deafening discontent dishearten drugged dwindle epileptic equivocal elbow excitement exposure eyeball fashionable fixture flawed frugal generous gloomy gossip green eyed gust hint hob nob hurried impede impartial invulnerable jaded label lackluster laughable lonelyColdbloodedcompromisecourtship countlesscriticdauntlessdawndeafening discontentdisheartendruggeddwindle epilepticequivocalelbowexcitement exposureeyeballfashionablefixture flawedfrugalgenerousgloomygossip green eyedgusthinthob nobhurried impedeinvulnerablejadedlabel lacklusterlaughablelonely

30 Shakespeare Lower luggage lustrous madcap majestic marketable metamorphize mimic monumental moonbeam mountaineer negotiate noiseless obscene obsequiously ode olympian outbreak panders pedant premeditated puking radiance rant remorse less savagery scuffle secure skim milk submerge summit swagger torture tranquil undress unreal varied vaulting worthless zany gnarled grovelLowerluggagelustrousmadcapmajestic marketablemetamorphizemimic monumentalmoonbeammountaineer negotiatenoiselessobsceneobsequiously odeolympianoutbreakpanderspedant premeditatedpukingradiancerant remorse lesssavageryscufflesecureskim milksubmergesummitswaggertorture tranquilundressunrealvariedvaulting worthlesszanygnarledgrovel

31 King James Bible 1604

32 1755 Johnson’s Dictionary

33 Johnson’s Dictionary helped standardize spelling

34 Good Good, gode, guod, guode, goode, goed, gowd, godd, guid guide, gud, gwde, guyd, gewd 7 years in the making. This dictionary helped standardize spelling.

35 Source #1 Engel, Elliot. A Light History of the English Language. Raleigh: Media Consultants, 1997

36 Source # 2 Etymology- the history of a word or word origin

37 Source # 3 Works Cited Beers, Kylene. Holt Literature and Language Arts. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2001.

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