Introduction Languages are first spoken, then written, and then an understanding
Aspects of written and spoken language Written planned organized transactional Spoken unplanned less structured interactive
Characteristics of Spoken Language Repeating first draft status vocabulary grammar intonation Variation in speed Loudness or quietness Gestures - body language Intonation Stress Rhythm Pausing and phrasing
Characteristics of Written Language final draft status density of content grammar neutrality of social roles punctuation
Which comes first: speech or writing? Speech comes before writing historically. Many languages lack a written form. Many individuals cannot use written language. Children automatically learn to speak, but have to be taught how to read.
Is written language superior to speech ?! English language has two main features
Similarities Between Spoken and Written Language.
Main Differences Sounds VS letters Vocabulary & Sentences Permanency & Redundancy Strategies Formality & Function interaction Between listener and speaker
1-Formality Examples: A written note might say, "Would you like to go out to lunch? “ The person who would write that note, might alternatively say, in person, "You wanna go out for lunch? "
2-Grammatically more verb based phrases (e.g. having treatment (W), being treated (S), hospital care (W), go to hospital (S)) more predicative adjectives (misleading statistics (W), statistics are misleading (S)) fewer complex words and phrases
3-Vocabulary & Sentences Oral communication uses words with fewer syllables than the written language. Written English consists of neat, correct sentences. Speech usually consists of idea units.
Examples because kuz "I don't wanna go to the party, kuz it sounds boring." bet you betcha "I betcha can't eat ten hot dogs!" could have + consonant kuda got you gotcha "I gotcha that candy bar you asked for." has to hasta "He hasta know how much he means to me." have to hafta "I hafta clean the house before I go out."
4- Pronunciation Written: I want to go to the store Spoken : I wanna go duh the store If you doubt that "to" becomes "duh,"
Sounds patterns in spoken We write slowly than we speak Once the utterance is spelled there's no way 2 take it back and it dies in the wind. Unlike the written form, its documented and can be shifted In Spoken You must know the sound system of the language You must also know how the sounds change in fast speech. The English sound system varies. In WRITTEN we replace the pauses, intonation and the hesitation that shown in speeches with Punctuation (.,;:-) in writing. Accent spelling Dialect vocabulary
Finally.. Redundancy Repetition is built in to language it self & Necessary for effective COMMUNICATION
Spoken Language Problems and solutions Spoken problems begin in the childhood. Kinds of spoken language problems. Problems effect. Solution.
Conclusion We treat written and spoken language as of EQUAL IMPORTANCE Both of them are part of the language