Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-1 Implementing an EIGRP-Based Solution Advanced EIGRP Features in an Enterprise Network.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-1 Implementing an EIGRP-Based Solution Advanced EIGRP Features in an Enterprise Network."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-1 Implementing an EIGRP-Based Solution Advanced EIGRP Features in an Enterprise Network

2 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-2 Scalability in Large Networks  Operating one large, flat EIGRP network is not a scalable solution for to the following reasons: –Large routing tables –High memory requirements –Large amount of routing traffic

3 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-3 Factors that Influence EIGRP Scalability  Amount of routing information exchanged between peers  Number of routers  Depth of topology—the number of hops that information must travel to reach all routers  Number of alternate paths through the network

4 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-4 EIGRP Design Challenges  The number of neighboring routers on the common subnet  The number of changes in the network  The amount of EIGRP load on the WAN  Every time a route disappears from the EIGRP process, DUAL computation is needed—resulting in high link utilization and CPU load

5 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-5 EIGRP Query Process  Queries are sent when a route is lost and no feasible successor is available—route is in an active state  Queries are sent to all neighboring routers on all interfaces except the interface of the successor  If neighbors have the lost route information, they answer the query (and stop the query from spreading), otherwise queries are sent to their neighbors

6 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-6 EIGRP Query Process Stuck-in-Active  The router must get replies to all its queries for a lost route to start calculating successor information  If any reply to the query is lost or missing within 3 minutes: –The route is SIA –The router resets the neighbor relationship with the neighbor that fails to reply

7 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-7 Active Process Enhancement Before:  Router R1 resets the neighbor relationship to router R2 when the normal active timer expires. After:  An SIA query is used from router R1.  Router R3’s neighbor relationship is reset—problem on the link.

8 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-8 Updates and Queries Without an EIGRP Stub

9 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-9 Updates and Queries Using EIGRP Stub  Router R1 should never use spoke routers to reach any network available through router R2.  There is no reason to learn about or query for routes through spoke routers.  Spoke routers should not be used for transit traffic—they can be configured as stubs.

10 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-10 EIGRP Stub  The EIGRP stub routing feature does the following: –Improves network stability –Reduces resource utilization –Simplifies remote router (spoke) configuration  The feature is commonly used in hub-and-spoke topologies –Each stub router reports its status to neighbors. –Queries are not sent to the stub routers.

11 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-11 EIGRP Stub Configuration Planning  Examine the topology and existing EIGRP configuration  Define requirements –Stub routers –Redistribution –Summarization  Create an implementation plan  Configure and verify the configuration

12 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-12 EIGRP Stub Options  Stub options (default is with connected and summary) –receive-only: prevents the stub from sending any type of route –connected: permits the stub to send connected routes (may still need to redistribute) –static: permits the stub to send static routes (must still redistribute) –summary: permits the stub to send summary routes –redistribute: permits the stub to send redistributed routes

13 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-13 Configuring eigrp stub connected  Router R2 will advertise to router R1 – /24  Router R2 will not advertise to router R1 – /23 – /24 – /24 eigrp stub connected R2(config-router)# R2# interface serial0 ip summary-address eigrp ! ip route ! router eigrp 110 redistribute static metric network network eigrp stub connected

14 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-14 Configuring eigrp stub summary  Router R2 will advertise to router R1 – /23  Router R2 will not advertise to router R1 – /24 – /24 – /24 eigrp stub summary R2(config-router)# R2# interface serial0 ip summary-address eigrp ! ip route ! router eigrp 110 redistribute static metric network network eigrp stub summary

15 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-15 Configuring eigrp stub static  Router R2 will advertise to router R1 – /24  Router R2 will not advertise to router R1 – /24 – /23 – /24 eigrp stub static R2(config-router)# R2# interface serial0 ip summary-address eigrp ! ip route ! router eigrp 110 redistribute static metric network network eigrp stub static

16 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-16 Configuring eigrp stub receive-only  Router R2 will not advertise anything to router R1  Router R1 needs to have a static route to the networks behind router R2 to reach them eigrp stub receive-only R2(config-router)# R2# interface serial0 ip summary-address eigrp ! ip route ! router eigrp 110 redistribute static metric network network eigrp stub receive-only

17 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-17 Configuring eigrp stub redistributed  Router R2 will advertise routes from RIP to router R1 eigrp stub redistributed R2(config-router)# R2# router rip network ! router eigrp 110 redistribute rip metric static network eigrp stub redistributed

18 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-18 Summary  Factors that affect network scalability include the amount of information exchanged between peers, the number of routers, the depth of the topology, and the number of alternate paths through the network.  When a route is lost and no feasible successor is available, queries are sent to all neighboring routers on all interfaces.  Once a route goes active and the query sequence is initiated, it can only come out of the active state and transition to the passive state when it receives a reply for every generated query. If the router does not receive a reply to all of the outstanding queries within 3 minutes (the default time), the route goes into the SIA state.  The stub routing feature improves network stability, reduces resource utilization, and simplifies stub router configuration.

19 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-19


Download ppt "© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ROUTE v1.0—2-1 Implementing an EIGRP-Based Solution Advanced EIGRP Features in an Enterprise Network."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google