2 Origins (Progressives Share Common Beliefs) What did progressives believe?Industrialization and urbanization had created troubling social and political problems.What movement was progressivism similar too?Populism (remember when we talked about this?)
4 Origins (Problems targeted?) Women?- The right to voteCorrupt and Ineffective government?- Urban health issues (water etc..)- Bribes to politiciansBig Business, economics and labor?- Trusts and monopolies- Wealth gap between rich and poor- Labor unions and workers rights
5 What does your group see in these quotations? MukrakersWhat does your group see in these quotations?
6 Upton Sinclair The Jungle Jurgis Rudkus and his wife, Ona Lukoszaite, are part of an extended family from Lithiuania that moved to Chicago for a better life.Chapter 14 is one of the most well known chapters in this novel. This highlights the horrors of meat packing industry as well as the family struggles during this period in America.
7 Mukrakers Upton Sinclair The Jungle "This is no fairy story and no joke; the meat will be shoveled into carts and the man who did the shoveling will not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one." - Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, Ch. 141. What 3 adjectives come to mind if you were an American citizen reading this passage about the meat packing factories for the first time?2. What federal government agency was created in response to this book?- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
8 Mukrakers Upton Sinclair The Jungle "They were beaten; they had lost the game, they were swept aside. It was not less tragic because it was so sordid, because that it had to do with wages and grocery bills and rents. They had dreamed of freedom; of a chance to look about them and learn something; to be decent and clean, to see their child group up to be strong. And now it was all gone-it would never be!" - Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, Ch. 141. How does this passage show the loss of the American Dream for the Rudkus family? Select two lines to support your point.
9 Muckrakers (Ida Tarbell) “If it has taught us anything, it is that our present law-makers, as a body, are ignorant, corrupt and unprincipled; that the majority of them are, directly or indirectly, under the control of the very monopolies against whose acts we have been seeking relief. . ” ― Ida TarbellWhat is she writing about? What sentiments of the progressive reforms are present here?- Standard Oil- Trustbusting and Government Corruption
10 Progressives Reform Society (Education) What was the Social Gospel? How did it apply to progressivism?What was the idea behind Jane Addams Settlement Houses?What was the Keating-Owens Act of 1916? What happened to it and when did it actually go into effect?- Banned Child Labor- Declared unconstitutional by Supreme Court- 1938John Dewey’s views on education. We can do an old school class day now.
11 Our Lesson for the DayProgressives Ida Turnball Jane Addams Social gospel Settlement House Referendum Recall Intiative Direct Primary
12 Why did the day March 25th, 1911 change things in New York City? Labor ReformsWhy did the day March 25th, 1911 change things in New York City?
13 The Triangle Shirtwaist Factoy Fire March 25th, 1911
14 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Family members identifying bodies becomes an open casket viewing and public mourning period.
15 Labor Reform (Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Protests) The New Evening Journal (March, 1911)
16 Labor Reform (Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Protests)
17 Who remembers this list? The Populist Platform of 1890 Reforming GovernmentWho remembers this list? The Populist Platform of 1890
18 Galveston Hurricane (How did this lead to reform?)
19 Galveston Plan in Delray, FL (Commission Form of Gov’t)
20 Progressive Reforms “Fighting Bob” LaFolette What reforms can be attributed to him?1. Direct Primary2. Railroad reform3. Other Progressives- Hiram Johnson- Teddy Roosevelt- Woodrow Wilson
21 Populist Reforms (1890) Which of these were adopted? Direct election of U.S. SenatorsSingle term for President and V.P.Secret ballot to end voter fraudInitiative to allow people to introduce bills to federal and state legislaturesRecall to allow people to remove elected officials.Referendum to allow people to approve bills after passed by the federal and state legislatures.
22 Populist Reforms (1890) That were adopted by Progressives Direct election of U.S. SenatorsSecret ballot to end voter fraudInitiative to allow people to introduce bills to federal and state legislaturesRecall to allow people to remove elected officials.Referendum to allow people to approve bills after passed by the federal and state legislatures.
23 Louis Brandies famous quotation Laboratories of democracy is a phrase popularized by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis in New State Ice Co. v. Liebmann to describe how a "state may, if its citizens choose, serve as a laboratory; and try novel social and economic experiments without risk to the rest of the country."Brandeis was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1916 to --How does this apply to Robert La Follette?
25 #26 PRESIDENT’S VIDEOWe will watch the video and answer the questions on the worksheet. This video essentially covers everything from this section (17.4). Also, the Foreign Policy section is new and was not in this section. You are responsible for all the material on this worksheet.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBpfih7w4B8
26 TR Video Answers Republican - He was both a Republican and Democrat. - He did what was right for the American PeopleA gallonHis incredibly energetic personalityToo much power in the hands of corporate America.J.P. MorganTo halt its monopolization of the Western railwaysThe US government won and the monopoly ended.
27 TR Video Answers - He was more a “trust regulator” - He wanted to make sure they didn’t get out of controlThe President must intervene when the national interest is at heart. People would freeze if the strike wasn’t resolved.- He threatens to send the army to “nationalize” or take over the mines- It was the first time gov’t was on the side of laborThe Square DealA world leaderColombia
28 TR Video AnswersHe encourages and militarily support a revolution in Panama to gain control of the canalNo, he says “I built the Panama Canal”To get debtor nations to repay their loansThe Monroe Doctrine of 1823Be prepared to use force if necessary to protect your interests (Big Stick Diplomacy)He would not run for the Presidency againThe Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug ActStop the destruction of the American Landscape230 million acres of land!!
29 A Positive and Negative on TR’s Legacy Negative – US intervention in Latin AmericaPositive – List of National Parks in the USA
30 Roosevelt and Taft Differ How did these issues cause disagreements between the two?1. Payne-Aldrich Tariff2. “Rule of Reason”3. Gifford Pinchot firingThe “Bull Moose” Party1. What was its original name?2. Who was its candidate in the 1912 election?
34 The Election of 1912 (Which Party should have really won?
35 Wilson Regulates the Economy (Congress Lowers Tariffs and Raises Taxes) Why did Wilson lobby for and get the Underwood Tariff Bill of 1913?What did the 16th Amendment do?
36 Wilson Regulates the Economy (The Federal Reserve Act) Why did Wilson feel it was important to create the Federal Reserve Banking system?What two things (in the reading) does the Federal Reserve Board do?1. Set interest rates banks use to borrow from other banks.2. Supervises banksLet’s do a little exercise with currency.
38 Wilson Regulates the Economy (Wilson Strengthens Antitrust Regulation) The Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) 2 powers?1. Monitor potential monopolies2. Monitor false advertisingClayton Antitrust Act – What did it do?- Clarifies what activities businesses may not engage in
39 Wilson Regulates the Economy (Worker’s Rights Protected) – Any questions? Clayton Anti-Trust strengthens labor lawsWorkingman’s Compensation Act of 1916Adamson ActThe failure at Ludlow, Colorado