2 Overcoming Obstacles Americans faced many hardships: 8 years of war Few supplies and weaponsUntrained/Inexperienced troopsBritish was the “best” army in the world
3 Why the Americans Won Better Leadership Foreign Aid British generals were over confidentAmerican generals learned from mistakesMore consistentNever gave up/Drug out the warForeign AidForeign loans and military aid
4 Why the Americans Won (cont’d) Knowledge of the LandAmericans knew land wellUsed knowledge to their advantageMotivationAmericans had more reason to fightLivesPropertyLiberty (freedom)
5 The Treaty of Paris, 1783 Six conditions for peace: The United States was independentBoundaries: North: CanadaEast: Atlantic OceanSouth: Spanish FloridaWest: Mississippi River
6 The Treaty of Paris, 1783 (cont’d) US wanted fishing rights near CanadaEach side would repay any debts owed to each otherBritish would return any enslaved or captured personsCongress would “recommend” any property taken from Loyalists to be returned.
7 The Treaty of Paris, 1783 (cont’d) Both sides did not live up to treaty:America did not repay pre-war debtDid not give back Loyalists’ propertyBritain did not give back runaway slavesDid not give up military outposts near Great Lakes
8 Take a moment to talk with your neighbor about the follow questions: Name some of the hardships that Americans had to overcome.What are the 4 reasons Americans won the war?What are the six conditions of the Treaty of Paris, 1783?
9 Costs of the War Unknown how many died in the war. Estimations: Americans:25,700 dead1,400 missing8,200 wounded (including amputations)British:10,000 dead
10 Costs of the War (cont’d) Comparison to modern day warfare: US Military deaths: Iraq ( ): 4,487 Afghanistan ( ): 2,349 Total: 6,836
11 Costs of the War (cont’d) Many American soldiers left army broke.Some given certificates for land in the West.Many sold them for cash.Congress and individual states borrowed money for war.Debt after war was $27 millions dollars.Many Loyalists fled country.60, ,000 left (including natives and slaves)Many went to Canada
12 Issues After the War Changes in gov’t don’t always go smoothly. New idea of Republicanism:Power comes from the peopleElect representativesLimited to land-owning men?Women asked to teach children virtues:HonestyDutySacrifice
13 Republic vs. Democracy Ticket Out Watch the video (don’t fall asleep!).In your own words, write a paragraph explaining why the United States is a constitutional republic, not a democracy.Use complete sentencesProvide evidence