Presentation on theme: "Stop, Shop, and Spend: All you need to know about Credit Mrs. Klinger."— Presentation transcript:
Stop, Shop, and Spend: All you need to know about Credit Mrs. Klinger
What is credit? Credit: is “extended” to you when someone lends you money/assets and trusts you to pay it back!
3 Kinds of Credit History 1. No Credit: someone who has never borrowed money has no credit. Banks rarely lend money to these people because they have no “credit history” indicating how likely they will be to pay back the loan.
3 Kinds of Credit History 2. Good Credit: Someone who has borrowed and paid the debt back in regular installments has good credit. This person can usually get more credit when needed.
3 Kinds of Credit History 3. Bad Credit: Someone who has borrowed money and not paid it back on time has bad credit. Losing a good credit rating is very serious. A bad credit rating makes buying a home, a car, or other purchases very difficult because the trust that the money will be paid back is gone.
Importance of Establishing Credit Most banks will not lend money to someone with no credit history, once a person is 18 years old and has a job, he or she can often open a charge account with a department store. If you make a few purchases and pays the bills on time, it will help establish a good credit history and makes loans easier to get in the future. Interest charges on credit cards also need to be paid.
Discussion How can students establish a credit history with family and friends even while in elementary school?
When you turn 18. how will you begin establishing a good credit history?
Great fortunes have been built on good credit! It will be one of your most important assets! But remember it credit costs money!
The Real Cost of Credit Principal: original amount of money borrowed. Principal: original amount of money borrowed. Finance Charge: interest charged to access credit. Finance Charge: interest charged to access credit. Credit Cards: allow you to make purchases and borrow money with the obligation to pay back the money at a future date. Credit Cards: allow you to make purchases and borrow money with the obligation to pay back the money at a future date.
Using Credit Cost more to buy on credit than to use cash. Cost more to buy on credit than to use cash. You are borrowing someone else's money. You are borrowing someone else's money. –Pay for the use of that money. Pay the Principal and the Finance Charge Pay the Principal and the Finance Charge If you don’t pay on time you will get a “late” charge. If you don’t pay on time you will get a “late” charge.
Example Borrow $50 from your parents to buy a CD player. Borrow $50 from your parents to buy a CD player. They agree to lend you the money at 10% interest. They agree to lend you the money at 10% interest. 50*10%= 5.00 50*10%= 5.00 Add principal and finance charge Add principal and finance charge –50.00+5.00= $55.00 Do you want to pay the extra money to have the player now or wait until you have enough money?
Dangers of Credit Must pay loan back AND interest Must pay loan back AND interest Don’t use if you can’t pay back Don’t use if you can’t pay back Most have high interest rates 16%- 18% Most have high interest rates 16%- 18% Pay off all credit cards at end of each month to avoid high interest charges
Discussion 1. When you get older will you have credit cards? 2. Why or Why Not? 3. Are credit cards a good idea for people without money? 4. What are the pro’s and cons?
Advantages and Disadvantages of Credit Advantages: Able to buy needed items now Don’t have to carry cash Creates a record of purchases More convenient than writing checks Consolidates bills into one payment Disadvantages: Interest (higher cost of items) May require additional fees Financial difficulties may arise if one loses track of how much has been spent each month Increased impulse buying may occur
Character Character—will you repay the debt? From your credit history, does it look like you possess the honesty and reliability to pay credit debts? Have you used credit before? Do you pay your bills on time? Do you have a good credit report? Can you provide character references? How long have you lived at your present address? How long have you been at your present job?
Capital capital—what if you don’t repay the debt? Do you have any valuable assets such as real estate, savings, or investments that could be used to repay credit debts if income is unavailable? What property do you own that can secure the loan? Do you have a savings account? Do you have investments to use as collateral?
Capacity Capacity—can you repay the debt? Have you been working regularly in an occupation that is likely to provide enough income to support your credit use? Do you have a steady job? What is your salary? How many other loan payments do you have? What are your current living expenses? What are your current debts? How many dependents do you have?
Your responsibilities 1.Borrow only what you can repay. 2. Read and understand the credit contract. 3. Pay debts promptly. 4. Notify creditor if you cannot meet payments. 5. Report lost or stolen credit cards promptly. 6. Never give your card number over the phone unless you initiated the call or are certain of the caller’s identity.
Your Rights Truth in Lending Act (1968) Ensures consumers are fully informed about cost and conditions of borrowing. Fair Credit Reporting Act (1970) Protects the privacy and accuracy of information in a credit check. Equal Opportunity Act (1974) Prohibits discrimination in giving credit on the basis of sex, race, color, religion, national origin, marital status, age, or receipt of public assistance.
Your Rights Fair Credit Billing Act (1974) Sets up a procedure for the quick correction of mistakes that appear on consumer credit accounts. Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (1977) Prevents abuse by professional debt collectors, and applies to anyone employed to collect debts owed to others; does not apply to banks or other businesses collecting their own accounts.
Building a Credit History 1.Establish a steady work record. 2. Pay all bills promptly. 3. Open a checking account and don’t bounce checks. 4. Open a savings account and make regular deposits. 5. Apply for a local store credit card and make regular monthly payments. 6. Apply for a small loan using your savings account as collateral. 7. Get a co-signer on a loan and pay back the loan as agreed.
Payment Codes Status type of account code O Open (entire balance due each month) R Revolving (payment amount variable) I Installment (fixed number of payments) Status timeliness of payment 0 Approved not used; too new to rate 1 Paid as agreed 2 30+ days past due 3 60+ days past due 4 90+ days past due 5 Pays or paid 120+ days past the due date; or collection account 6 Making regular payments under wage earner plan or similar arrangement 7 Repossession 8 Charged off to bad debt
Types of Credit single-payment credit Items and services are paid for in a single payment, within a given time period, after the purchase. Interest is usually not charged. Utility companies, medical services Some retail businesses
Types of Credit Installment credit Merchandise and services are paid for in two or more regularly scheduled payments of a set amount. Interest is included. Some retail businesses, such as car and appliance dealers Money may also be loaned for a special purpose, with the consumer agreeing to repay the debt in two or more regularly scheduled payments. Commercial banks Consumer finance companies Savings and loans Credit unions
Types of Credit Revolving credit Many items can be bought using this plan as long as the total amount does not go over the credit user’s assigned dollar limit. Repayment is made at regular time intervals for any amount at or above the minimum required amount. Interest is charged on the remaining balance. Retail stores Financial institutions that issue credit cards
Consumer protection laws Rules that every state has, which seek to prevent consumers from being taken advantage of by businesses. Forbid businesses from engaging in “unfair or deceptive practices” and from using misleading advertisements. Allows consumers who believe they have been cheated to sue.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC): the government agency that watches over businesses and can sue a company if it suspects of unlawful practices.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA): government The government agency that regulates the safety and advertising of food, drug, cosmetics, and medical devices.
Class Action Suit A lawsuit brought on by many consumers teaming up to sue a company.
Deceptive Pricing Advertising one price and then charging another; businesses are forbidden by law from doing this.
2 common deceptive pricing tactics Making incorrect price comparisons with other merchants (claiming that the price is lower, when it is not) Offering something that is supposedly “free” but actually will cost Offering a free brush with a can of paint but raising the price the can of paint is to cover the cost of the brush
Discussion Let’s say you won a clothing store. You buy several dozen expensive cashmere sweaters from a wholesaler who is going out of business. The sweaters only cost you $20 each, but you know that your competitor is selling them for $100, and probably paid $50 for each of them. Is it legal for you to pretend that you also paid $50 for the sweaters and advertise them in your store as “marked down from $100?” Why or Why not?
Critical Thinking In 1994, a fast-food chain was found guilty of serving dangerously hot coffee and was ordered by a jury to pay 2.7 million dollars to the 81-year old woman who suffered third-degree burns from spilling it on herself. Do you think this law suit was reasonable? Why or Why Not?