2 ADB’S PRINCIPAL FUNCTIONS To provide loans / grants for specific projects, sectors (with a large number of sub projects), program loans and DFI loans.To Provide technical assistance and advisory servicesTo Promote investment for development purposesTo Assist in coordinating “developing member countries ” development policies and plans
3 ASIAN DEV. BANK (INTEREST& OTHER CHARGES) Carries interest charges based on LIBOR base rate (plus lending spread of 0.66 % p.a. (-) 0.20% p.a. basis.Charges 1 % of the total amount of the loan as front end fee for the loans negotiated upto (For loans approved starting 1st January 2004, entire front end fee has been waived).Repayment maturities upto 25 year including 5 years grace period. May be different on loan to loan basisCont.
4 ASIAN DEV. BANK (INTEREST& OTHER CHARGES) Carries commitment charges of 0.75% p.a. on the undrawn balances of the loan on a graded scale as under:-1st year % of loan amount2nd year % of loan amount3rd year % of loan amountThereafter % of loan amountOr0.15% on entire undisbursed balance of loan during loan period.( for New Loans approved since April 2007)
5 LOAN MILESTONE EVENT DATES The Approval Date :The date Loan is approved by ADB. This date is used for determining Loan amortization schedule.Signing Date : Loan agreement is signed by Borrower and ADB. Commitment charges start on the 60th day after Loan signing date.The Effective Date : ADB determines that all conditions of effectiveness of Loan Agreement have been fulfilled by Borrower and disbursement may be made.Project Completion Date : Project is considered physically completed (this date precedes Loan closing date).Loan Closing Date : The date ADB may terminate the right of Borrower to make withdrawals.
6 CONDITIONS PRECEDENT TO DISBURSEMENT Loan agreement to be declared effective by ADB.Authenticated specimen signatures of persons authorized to sign withdrawal application are sent to ADB.Disbursement conditions as specified in the Loan Agreement are met.Specimen signature of authorized signatory to sign claims to reach Aid Accounts & Audit DivisionParticipatory agreement to be entered into between Government Of India, State Govt. and the Project Executing Agency, if applicable.Procurement procedure as laid down in the agreement to be followed.
7 SUSPENDING WITHDRAWALS Non Payment of principal, interest or any other charge which the borrower is required to pay as per agreement.Non performance of any obligation under the Loan, guarantee or project agreement including submission of Audit certificate by the prescribed date to ADB viz 30th September unless further extension is agreed upon by ADB.Misrepresentation by borrower or project Implementing Agency.
8 NAME OF PROJECT (Illustration) ADB Loan No.Significant dates1. Date of agreement :2. Date of effectiveness :3. Project completion date :4. loan closing date :
9 NAME OF PROJECT ( ADB Loan ----------) Category DescriptionAmount of the credit allocated (In USD)% of Expenditure to be financed1-2-3-4-5-6-TOTAL
10 INELIGIBLE ITEMS Goods/Equipments: For claiming 100% Reimbursement * Central Sales Tax* Excise DutyFor claiming 80% Reimbursement* L.C. Opening Charges* Bank Charges
11 INELIGIBLE ITEMS Civil Works Bills: Recovery of S.D. Recovery of Mobilization AdvanceLand Acquisition CostPenalty Paid to Govt. or any Govt. OrganizationLevy of penalty on contractor for delayed/defective executionInterest paid to the contractor on account of delayed payment
13 CLAIM DOC Special commitment Reimbursement / Withdrawal Application (By CAAA)Summary SheetCopy of letter of credit from a commercial BankSigned copy of contractagreement, if notsent to ADBAirways BillDirect paymentWithdrawalApplication(By CAAA)Summary SheetInvoice / BillBill of lading /Airway BillReimbursement /ReplenishmentWithdrawalApplication(By CAAA)Summary SheetsDocuments: Copy ofInvoice / BillsBill of Lading or delivery receiptEvidence of payment
14 FORMS Details summary sheet form prescribed by ADB (attached) Abstract form, if more than one summary sheet as mentioned above is there. (attached)
17 DISBURSEMENT PROCEDURE Direct Payment procedure :- ADB at borrowers request pays a designated beneficiary directly.Commitment Procedure :- ADB at borrower’s request provides an irrevocable undertaking to reimburse a commercial bank for payment made to a supplier against a Letter of Credit.Imprest Fund Procedure :- ADB makes an advance disbursement for deposit to an Imprest a/c for ADB’s share of expenditure.Reimbursement Procedure :- ADB pays to borrower’s / project A/c for eligible expenditure, which has been incurred by project out of its own budget.
18 REIMBURSEMENT PROCEDURE Documented claim :- With full supporting documents where gross eligible expenditure amount exceeds US$ or the limit fixed by ADB.Statement of Expenditure (SOE) Procedure :- Simplified procedure requiring no supporting documents where gross eligible expenditure amount does not exceed US $ or the limit fixed by ADB.
19 Check List for Preparing the Reimbursement Replenishment Claim Application (Non SOE or Documented) and SOEThe separate withdrawal applications are to be processed in respect of Documented and SOE claims.Separate detailed Summary Sheet to be used for each category of expenditure.Separate claim to be prepared for each currency of expenditure.Each detailed Summary Sheet should be independent by itself i.e. categories should not be clubbed in one detailed Sheet.ADB’s PCSS No. should be indicated in the detailed Summary Sheet for each contract.Detailed Sheet Form should be signed by authorised signatory.Cont.
20 Check List for Preparing the Reimbursement Replenishment Claim Application (Non SOE or Documented) and SOEThe bank financing percentage should be correctly indicated as per schedule 1 to the loan agreement.The claim in each currency should be entered in full figures.Copy of Invoice/Bill and evidence of payment in respect of the expenditure claimed has to be attached in documented claim if payment made by cheque is more than the limit prescribed by ADB.If supporting documents are written in local language, there should be an English translation.
21 SUMMARY SHEET FORM (SOE) CHECK LIST OF SOE To be used for expenditure where the gross eligible expenditure amount is less than USD equivalent or as per limit fixed in the loan agreement. The period of claim should be specific as from……………. To………Make sure whether SOE provision has been prescribed in Loan Agreement or not. The SOE expenditure should be within the SOE ceiling as per loan agreementNo documents viz. copy of Invoices or Bill and evidence of payment should be attached.Separate detailed Summary Sheet to be used for each currency of expenditureCont.
22 SUMMARY SHEET FORM (SOE) CHECK LIST OF SOE The claim should be in the currency in which the payment has been made as per the currency of contract.The figures of claim in Rupee should be indicated in full in nearest rupee and not in paise.The bank financing percentage should be correctly indicated as per schedule I to the loan agreement.The detailed Summary Sheet form should have additional certificate as to the location in which the documents etc. are retained as per requirement of ADB.A certificate to the effect that payments have not been split to cover it under SOE should be recorded on the detailed Summary Sheet.
23 ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE (ACA) ACA under replenishment procedure to the projects is released on the basis of exchange rate of RBI for USD on the date when Imprest Account is debited by RBI, if Imprest Advance is not transferred to Project involving SGI Account procedure.If the project is maintaining SGI Account the ACA is released after disbursement from ADB based on the exchange rate on the disbursement date.For reimbursement procedure ACA is released to the projects after getting disbursement from ADB.
24 IMPREST FUNDImprest fund A/c is established to help the borrower reduce cash flow difficulties.This is kept with RBI, Mumbai in USD currencyThis is maintained separately for each loan.This A/c is being operated by AAAD.If the proceeds of the Imprest A/c are to be transferred to project as per the loan agreement, ADB allows a Second Generation Imprest A/c (SGIA) facilities for the project.Cont.
25 IMPREST FUNDThe project has to open a current A/c with any commercial bank to facilitate the frequent and early payment to the contractors or suppliers approved by ADB.CAA&A is responsible for audit of this A/c by C&AG and sending audit certificate to the ADB.ACA to the project is released on the basis of exchange rate of RBI for USD on the date when Imprest A/c is debited by RBI, if Imprest a/c advance is not transferred to project involving SGIA procedure.If the project is maintaining SGIA A/c, the ACA is released after disbursement from ADB based on the exchange rate on the disbursement date.
26 SECOND GENERATION IMPREST ACCOUNT State Govt. should established a second generation Imprest account (SGIA) with a reputed commercial bank. The account should be in a non interest bearing current account.The project director should obtain a comfort letter from the commercial bank in format prescribed by ADB (See appendix 32) and submit the original to ADB through CAA&A.For the initial advance into SGIA, the project director should prepare an estimate of expenditure in appendix 29 of disbursement hand book covering projected expenditure over the next six months. This estimate should be submitted to CAA&A along with withdrawal application in Appendix 7.Cont.
27 SECOND GENERATION IMPREST ACCOUNT CAA&A will then submit withdrawal request to ADB for Imprest advance along with estimate of expenditure.The CAA&A office needs to establish Imprest Account with RBI.Fund will be released by ADB to CAA&A and will then be credited to the SGIA through the normal budgetary channels of Government of India and the State Government. The time limit available for this transfer process is 30 calendar days.
28 CHECK LIST FOR PREPARING THE DIRECT PAYMENT APPLICATION Direct payment procedure is where ADB, at the borrowersrequest pays a designated beneficiary directly.Correct summary sheet to be used in preparing the claim application.Ensure the ceiling for direct payment approved by ADB.The ADB PCSS No should invariably be indicated in the summary sheet.Payment of goods require supplier’s invoice, bill of lading etc.Payment of service require consultants invoice and payment for civil work requires bill of the contractor and a summary of work progress certified by project engineer.Cont.
29 CHECK LIST FOR PREPARING THE DIRECT PAYMENT APPLICATION All the payment instruction should be complete giving name and address of the party and bank account no. with address.If payee’s bank is not located in the country whose currency is claimed, enter the name and address of the corresponding bank in the country, whose currency is to be paid.The details for payments i.e bank Account no, bank details, SWIFT code etc. should be obtained from the contactor/ supplier and attached with the bill.For INR payments, IFSC Code must be indicated in the payment instructions.
30 CHECK LIST FOR PREPARING THE SPECIAL COMMITMENT Under special commitment procedure, ADB, at theborrowers request irrevocably agrees to reimburse acommercial bank for the payments made or to be madeto a supplier against a letter of credit (LC)Under this procedure the LC issued by the issuing bank becomes operative only when ADB issues its commitment letter to the commercial bank in the supplier country.Commitment letter is irrevocable since ADB obligations are not affected by the suspension or cancellation of the loan.
31 CHECK LIST FOR PREPARING THE SPECIAL COMMITMENT (Cont.) Basic RequirementsA signed application for issuance of commitment letter in the prescribed format in appendix 6 is submitted to ADB together with a summary sheet for the commitment letter.Supporting documents viz a contract or confirmed purchased order if not submitted earlier to ADB.Two signed copies of the LC against which ADB commitment letter is requested.No commitment letter is issued if LC expiry date falls beyond the loan closing date.The LC should contain a clause relating to commitment letter of ADB.
32 DEFICIENCY IN SUMMARY SHEET The procurement contract summary sheet (PCSS) No. is not given under column provided in summary sheet.Summary sheets are not signed by the authorized signatory.Retroactive expenditure claim and proactive expenditure claim are prepared in the same summary sheet.Incorrect percentage claim.Cont.
33 DEFICIENCY IN SUMMARY SHEET Approval of ADB wanting for the revised contract cost when expenditure exceeds the original contract value.Claims are not preferred in the currency of contract.Name of location where the documents have been kept, not mentioned.The details of deductions, gross amount, net amount are not in conformity with the contents on invoice / R A bills/IPC
34 GENERAL / MISCELLANEOUS Claims are sent before the loan is declared effective.Incomplete documents attached with the claim.Details of expenditure indicated on summary sheet do not tally with the figures in Invoice / RA bill / Evidence of payment.Illegible documents.Alteration in pay order or memorandum of payments leads to confusion.Contd….
35 GENERAL / MISCELLANEOUS Inadequate payment instructions in respect of direct payment claims.Insufficient funds in loan or category of expenditure.Non submission of audit report to ADB in case of SOE claim & Project Accounts.Taxes to be claimed when payment is actually made and not independently.English translation to be provided, if supporting documents are written in local language.
36 AUDIT COVENANTSSOE records must be audited by independent auditor acceptable to ADB (CAG in case of Government department/PIUs). The audit is carried out as part of the regular annual audit of the PIU’s accounts.Furnish to the ADB within 6 months from the end of each financial year (i) Certified copies of the Balance Sheets, Statement of Income and Expenditure and related statements duly audited and (ii) Report of such Audit in such detail as the ADB shall have reasonably requested.
37 GENERAL DEFICIENCIES IN THE AUDIT REPORTS Non consistency and uniformity in the format of the financial statements.Non disclosure and inconsistency in the accounting standard adopted.Non submission of reconciliation of the SOE claims with the audited expenditure as per the financial statements.Cont.
38 GENERAL DEFICIENCIES IN THE AUDIT REPORTS (CONTD.) Non submission of records to audit.Including of expenditure in SOE claims which is not actually incurred.Claiming the advanced amount in the SOE and treating the same as final expenditure without obtaining utilisation certificates from the institutions/agencies to whom the advances were given.
39 GENERAL DEFICIENCIES OBSERVED BY THE AUDIT Timely and periodic bank reconciliations not done.Non maintenance of fixed assets registers.Non monitoring of advances.