ASV Luke 10:25 And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and made trial of him, saying, Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? 26 And he said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? 27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbor as thyself.
28 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live. 29 But he, desiring to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbor? 30 Jesus made answer and said, A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho; and he fell among robbers, who both stripped him and beat him, and departed, leaving him half dead.
31 And by chance a certain priest was going down that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
32 And in like manner a Levite also, when he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side.
33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he was moved with compassion, 34 and came to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on them oil and wine; and he set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35 And on the morrow he took out two shillings, and gave them to the host, and said, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, I, when I come back again, will repay thee.
36 Which of these three, thinkest thou, proved neighbor unto him that fell among the robbers? 37 And he said, He that showed mercy on him. And Jesus said unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.
The geography of the area is unique Jerusalem 2,600 feet above sea level Dead Sea 1,300 feet below sea level Distance 20 miles—a drop of 4000 ft
1. A man was descending from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among robbers and they stripped him and beat him and departed leaving him half dead (Luke 10:30). 1’ The next day he took out two denarii And gave them to the manager saying, ‘Take care of him And whatever more you spend I will repay on my return.’” (Luke 10:35)
1. A man was descending from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among robbers and they stripped him and beat him and departed leaving him half dead Luke 10:30) 1’ The next day he took out two denarii And gave them to the manager saying, ‘Take care of him And whatever more you spend I will repay on my return.’” (Luke 10:35) 2 Now by chance a certain Priest was going down that road and when he saw him He passed by on the other side (Luke 10:31) 2’ He went to him And bound up his wounds And poured on oil and wine (Luke 10:34)
1. A man was descending from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among robbers and they stripped him and beat him and departed leaving him half dead 1’ The next day he took out two denarii And gave them to the manager saying, ‘Take care of him And whatever more you spend I will repay on my return.’” 2 Now by chance a certain Priest was going down that road and when he saw him He passed by on the other side 2’ Then he put him on his own beast And led him to the inn And took care of him 3 Likewise a Levite when he came to the place And saw him he passed by on the other side Luke 10:32) 3’ and he set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. (Luke 10:34) And a certain Samaritan, traveling, came to him and when he saw him He had compassion on him Luke 10:33)
As mentioned the Samaritans were large in number and posed a threat to the order that Pontius Pilate was seeking to establish. Although they were misled in their assumption regarding the place of worship and the Hebrew Scriptures in their complete form, they were seekers according to the New Testament. They also received Jesus after the testimony of the Samaritan woman at the well.
Nevertheless the New Testament reveals that they were heavily looked down upon by the Jews and scorned. This makes them very important in the New Testament because Jesus taught that the common attitude toward the Samaritans had to change, and not only the Samaritans but that of the whole gentile world.
Jesus passed through Samaritan towns instead of crossing the Jordan to avoid them. When he spoke with the Samaritan woman, contrary to Jewish custom, he said a time would come when worshiping in Jerusalem or on Mount Gerazim would not be important but they that desire to worship God would worship in the spirit.
When Jesus was asked whom to regard as a neighbor, Jesus told them the story of the Good Samaritan precisely because Samaritans were despised.
The The apostles understood that within the Church Samaritans must be not be despised and should be accepted as equal to Jews. Peter and John conducted a special mission to Samaria to confirm Samaritans who had already been baptized by Philip (Acts 8:14-17). The salvation of the Samaritans was a central point between the preaching of the gospel to the Jews (Acts 2) and the preaching of the gospel to full-blooded Gentiles (Acts 10).
Some similarities between Jewish and Samaritan theology were: 1) They both considered themselves true worshippers of Yahweh. 2) Both placed supreme importance on the Pentateuch as a detailed way of life (the Samaritans rejected the rest of the Jewish canon. 3) The both looked for the Messiah (the Samaritans expected Him to rule from Mount Gerazim, and the Jews from Jerusalem). 4) The Samaritans insisted that Mount Gerazim was the only true central sanctuary for all Israel. 5) The Samaritans exalted Moses to a place above normal. 6) The Samaritans believed basically the same as the Jews concerning final judgment, rewards, punishments, circumcision, Sabbath, dietary laws, and the ceremonial and judicial laws.