Pop Quiz Q: How would Sources & Uses Change if the PE firm assumed J. Crew’s existing debt instead? A) We would remove the “Repay Existing Debt” item. B) We would add a “Debt Assumed” item under both Sources and Uses. C) We would add a “Debt Assumed” item only under Sources.
Pop Quiz Q: What’s the flaw with the way we just modified the income statement? A) Depreciation and Amortization are non-cash items so they shouldn’t be there at all. B) We need better estimates for the periods for the PP&E write-up and intangibles. C) We can’t just divide the amount by the period, because the period may be less than 5 years.
Pop Quiz Q: Wait a minute, why do Capitalized Financing Fees count as an asset? A) Because they reduce the amount of taxes the company will pay in the future. B) Because they correspond to another item (debt) that remains on the balance sheet for years. C) Both of the above.
Pop Quiz Q: Why do we wipe out all of J. Crew’s shareholders’ equity? Don’t they still have retained earnings? A) Because the PE firm gets everything, including the retained earnings, in the transaction. B) Because the PE firm purchases everything and replaces it with their own equity. C) It’s just an accounting convention and doesn’t actually affect the model.
Explaining the MAX/MIN Formula: =MAX(MIN(Prior Year Revolver, Cash Flow Available – Debt Repaid So Far), 0) Revolver = 100, Cash Flow Available = 100, Debt Repaid So Far = 50… Repay 50, since 50 < 100 Revolver = 20, Cash Flow Available = 100, Debt Repaid So Far = 50… Repay 20, since 20 < 50 Revolver = 100, Cash Flow Available = 100, Debt Repaid So Far = 120 Repay 0, since 0 > -20
Pop Quiz Q: Why do we need the MAX function in the optional debt repayment formula? A) Because the Subtotal Before Revolver – All Payments So Far might be negative. B) Because the Prior Year Term Loan – Mandatory Repayment part might be negative. C) We should always include MAX(Formula, 0) around repayment formulas to error-check the model.
Case Study Answers Investment: No – only way to get solid returns is multiple expansion or lower price Exit Multiple: Select range based on purchase multiple Tweaks: Debt barely changes anything; need multiple expansion or higher growth to win Additional Information: Expansion plans, customer/store data, competition, cost cutting possibilities, retail indicators
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