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SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Natalie Bookchin made a timeline (1994 – 2000) of Net Art in

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Presentation on theme: "SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Natalie Bookchin made a timeline (1994 – 2000) of Net Art in"— Presentation transcript:

1 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Natalie Bookchin made a timeline (1994 – 2000) of Net Art in http://www.calarts.edu/~line/history.html

2 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Martin Wattenberg made an Idea Line (1993 – 2001) of Net Art in Whitney Artport. http://artport.whitney.org/commissions/idealine.shtml

3 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art What has happened over the years from 1990 – 2000?

4 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art What has happened over the years from 1990 – 2000? The thing we called Net Art.

5 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art What has happened over the years from 1990 – 2000? The thing we called Net Art. What is the difference between Net Art and Net.Art?

6 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The origin of Net.Art In December 1995, an artist, Vuk Cosic got an email. Because of the incompatible software, the text appeared to be unreadable. The only fragment that he can make sense of is: […] J8~g#|\;Net. Art{-^s1 […]

7 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The origin of Net.Art After a few months, with the help from Igor Markovic, Vuk Cosic managed to decode the message. […] J8~g#|\;Net. Art{-^s1 […] All this becomes possible only with emergence of the Net. Art as a notion becomes obsolete …

8 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The term Net.Art has then been widely used by those artists creating medium specific artworks in the Internet in that period.

9 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The term Net.Art has then been widely used by those artists creating medium specific artworks in the Internet in that period. A significant number of them are from Eastern Europe and Russia.

10 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The term Net.Art has then been widely used by those artists creating medium specific artworks in the Internet in that period. A significant number of them are from Eastern Europe and Russia. Open Society Institute – Soros Foundations Network

11 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art CERN, Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, or European Council for Nuclear Research, is a provisional body founded in 1952 with the mandate of establishing a world-class fundamental physics research organization in Europe. How is it related to Net.art?

12 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The first proposal for the WWW was made at CERN by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989, and further refined by him and Robert Cailliau in 1990.

13 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The first International Conference on the World Wide Web was held in CERN, Switzerland in 1994. Awards are granted to a number of ‘good’ websites. No category for art was offered at that moment.

14 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), in 1993, released Mosaic, the first graphical web browser. http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Projects/mosaic.html

15 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The first net art symposia was held in Graz, Austria, OnLine: Kunst im Netz, organized by Robert Adrian X and Gerfried Stocker in 1993. In 1995, Ars Electronica had the theme, Mythos Information: Welcome to the Wired World.

16 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Net art has always been a tactical one. It doesn’t simply mean using browsers and HTML, but instead is an aesthetic defined by its oppositional position vs. previous, often inadequate, forms of cultural production. The greatest struggle of Internet art has been to prove its autonomy as an artistic practice – in the same way that video longed to be different from TV. Medium specific – the Net. Medium is the message. Ask not what the content is. Ask how and why to do it.

17 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Features Formation of communities Collaboration Privileging communication Process based action Play & performance Expansion of real life network Vanishing boundaries between private & public

18 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Some properties Connectivity Global Multimedia Immaterial Interactive

19 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Formation of a number of mailing lists. Nettime Syndicate 7-11 Rhizome

20 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Formation of a number of web based art initiatives. C-Theory Adaweb The Thing Public netbase Internationale Stadt The DIA Center Telepolis Metamute

21 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The case of Hell.com Remember the group 0100101110101101.ORG? In 1999, they copied the whole websites of a number of web art organizations, jodi.org, art.teleportacia.org and hell.com. Hell.com, a portal for web designers, immediately threatens with an international lawsuit for copyright violation. http://0100101110101101.org/home/copies/index.html

22 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The case of CNN Interactive Net.art per se with Vuk Cosic in 1996 – a serious engagement with popular media, a belief in parody and appropriation, a scepticism towards commodified media information and a sense of the interplay of art and life.

23 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art The case of Documenta X In 1997, the management of a world wide famous German art event, Documenta, decided to remove its website from public access. A Slovenian artist, Vuk Cosic, copied the whole website and hosted it somewhere else for public access.

24 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art VNS Matrix Cyberfeminism – describes position of women in technological disciplines and labour; addresses women’s experiences of technoculture; comments on the gendering of technologies.

25 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art VNS Matrix VNS Matrix emerged from the cyber-swamp during a Southern Australian Summer circa 1991... The impetus of the group is to investigate and decipher the narratives of domination and control which surround high technological culture, and explore the construction of social space, identity and sexuality in cyberspace. They believe that by hijacking the tools of domination and control those groups which have been traditionally alienated from high technologies by virtue of class, race or gender can introduce a rupture into a highly systematised culture.

26 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art VNS Matrix Manifesto

27 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Old Boys Network

28 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Cornelia Sollfrank In the artwork Female Extension, Sollfrank submitted to a Net.Art competition called Extension, by the Hamburg Art Museum with faked female name and information. She wrote a software to randomly generate text and images from existing websites. The organizer announced that 2/3 of the submissions came from female but none of 3 prizes were awarded to female participants. It is the discrimination that Sollfrank intended to critique in Female Extension, a key work in the history of Cyberfeminism, a movement that emerged in the mid-1990s to address the dominance of men in the online world and the technology industries as a whole.

29 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Heath BuntingHeath Bunting, King’s Cross Phone-in, 1994 Bunting posted on a Web page and several mailing lists the phone numbers of 36 phone booths in and around London’s Kings Cross train station, inviting people to ring those phones at any time on a given day. http://www.irational.org/cybercafe/pubtel/pubtel.html

30 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art ®TMark www.rtmark.com ®™ark is a U. S. Corporation whose stated goal it is, to curtail the power of corporations. Lies in virtual realm between artistic mediation and hactivist activism Net-based, though also create physical installations Information service provide for art-activism, utilizing humor, parody, and hactivism to attack a wide range of issues from gender to surveillance to war.

31 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art ®TMark

32 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art ®TMark

33 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Zapatista Movement A new approach to social conflict – social net-war. Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) occupied 5 towns and a city on New Year’s Day 1994, when the North American Free Trade Agreement was in effect. EZLN declared war on the Mexican government, vowed to march on Mexico City, proclaimed a revolutionary agenda, began an international media campaign and invited foreign observers & monitors to come to Chiapas.

34 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Zapatista Movement

35 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Zapatista Movement Basically a COMMUNICATION project Get together for situational awareness Working with Electronic Disturbance Theater (EDT), EZLN flood and block Mexican government’s web site. That is, the FloodNet, a denial of service hacking tool.

36 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Electronic Disturbance Theater EDT is a small group of cyber activists and artists engaged in developing the theory and practice of Electronic Civil Disobedience (ECD), organized by Ricardo Dominguez. The group has focused its electronic actions against the Mexican and U.S. governments to draw attention to the war being waged against the Zapatistas and others in Mexico. Electronic Disturbance Theater, working at the intersections of radical politics, recombinant and performance art, and computer software design, has produced an ECD device called Flood Net, URL based software used to flood and block an opponent’s web site.

37 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Counter Strike A computer game about killing terrorist after Sept 11.

38 SM2263 > class 05 > net.art Velvet Strike A game modification for Counter Strike to insert peace message into the original game.


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