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California Texting and Driving Law April 16, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "California Texting and Driving Law April 16, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 California Texting and Driving Law April 16, 2014

2 Policy Identification California Vehicle Code  Effective January 1, 2013  No electronic device while driving Exception to law  Hands-free devices Penalties  Infraction  Base fine 20 dollars  Additional offense 50 dollars Importance of law  62% of Californian’s thought texting and driving was largest traffic safety problem Introduction

3 History and Background Early 1900’s  Mobile radios in squad cars  Channel interference 1930’s  Congress created Federal Communications Commission (FCC)  Regulating radio frequencies 1940’s  First mobile radio service approved  Push to talk phone created by AT&T  Claimed as failure 1950’s  Radio Common Carriers (RCC) were authorized Introduction

4 History and Background 1970’s Advancements  Self-dialing was standard in United States  FCC allowed cell phone frequencies  First portable phone call  FCC encouraged advancements from cell phone industry Electric Company Lawsuit  Slowed cell phone company progress  Chicago cell phone testing 1980’s  FCC admitted to slowing down phone companies with lawsuit  Set parameters and guidelines  Cellular Technology Industry Association created Introduction

5 History and Background First Text Message  December 3, 1992  From Neil Papworth’s computer to Richard Jarvis’ mobile phone  Said ‘Merry Christmas’ New Style of Texting  December 10, 1995  Text on 9 Keys, T9 9000i Communicator  1997  Nokia  First cell phone with full keyboard  Car crash statistics Introduction

6 History and Background Hands-free Technology  2001 studies  2002 studies Distracted Driving Studies  Harvard 2002  Harvard 2005  University of Utah 2006 Effects of Using Cell Phones While Driving  5.36 times more likely to crash  9% slower to hit brakes  24% increase in variation of following distance  19% slower to accelerate back to normal speed Introduction

7 History and Background Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association  2006  Over 100 million motorist use cell phones while driving National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA)  2006  8% drivers talking on phone  Up 2% from 2002 December 2007  More texts than phone calls Legislation  No texting bans as of 2007  Both political parties have supported cell phone industry Introduction

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9 Current Situation Barack Obama 2008 Smart Phones 2008  15% of Americans owned  310 texts per month National Safety Council  1.4 million car accidents  200,000 car accidents  1.6 million total NHTSA and US Department of Transportation  Distracted driving awareness ABC reports 2010  Crash statistics in California, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Washington

10 Current Situation New California legislation  Vehicle Code  January 1, 2014  Under 18 no hands free  Secondary law Punishments  Infraction  Base fine 20 dollars  Additional offense 50 dollars Economic  Vehicle Code effective January 1, 2009  Collision claims

11 Differing Viewpoint #1 Prevention and Awareness Government web campaign   Stop the Texts, Stop the Wrecks NHTSA and Parent Teacher Association (PTA)  Inform parents about young drivers  Discuss dangers  Phone bill Preventative measures paired with enforcement  Parent  Teachers  Law enforcement

12 Differing Viewpoint #2 Law Enforcement Beliefs  Dangerous Catching drivers  Massachusetts Police Department  275,000 dollar grant  Undercover policemen Law enforcement paired with Awareness   Stop the Texts, Stop the Wrecks

13 Compare and Contrast Similarities Distracted Driving is dangerous Can’t have one without the other Differences Proactive Reactive

14 Recommendation California Legislation Driving Offenses Vehicle Code Partially effective  California vs. Arizona  Hands-free operation  Dangerous  Increase in accidents  Insurance Claims Amend Section ‘A’  Hands-free  Unintended Consequences  Emergencies  Vehicle Code  Political Support

15 Conclusion California Vehicle Code  No electronic devices  Except with hands free feature Texting and driving bans  Several states around the country Recent studies prove  Hands free is just as dangerous Proactive and Reactive  Both sides are important  Work together This law is partially effective

16 Thank You! Any Questions?


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