Presentation on theme: "Digital Citizenship/ Copyright Basics Presented by: Penny Stuiber Media Specialist Oconto Falls School District."— Presentation transcript:
Digital Citizenship/ Copyright Basics Presented by: Penny Stuiber Media Specialist Oconto Falls School District
21 st Century Skills and Digital Citizenship Information, Media and Technology Skills People in the 21st century live in a technology and media-suffused environment, marked by various characteristics, including: 1) access to an abundance of information, 2) rapid changes in technology tools, and 3) the ability to collaborate and make individual contributions on an unprecedented scale. To be effective in the 21st century, citizens and workers must be able to exhibit a range of functional and critical thinking skills related to information, media and technology. Source: The Partnership for 21 st Century Skills - http://www.p21.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61&Itemid=120 http://www.p21.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61&Itemid=120
21 st Century Skills and the Importance of Teaching Digital Citizenship Information Literacy Access and Evaluate Information Access information efficiently (time) and effectively (sources) Evaluate information critically and competently Use and Manage Information Use information accurately and creatively for the issue or problem at hand Manage the flow of information from a wide variety of sources Apply a fundamental understanding of the ethical/legal issues surrounding the access and use of information Source: The Partnership for 21 st Century Skills - http://www.p21.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=264&Itemid=120 http://www.p21.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=264&Itemid=120
A Quote about Modeling Digital Citizenship Fair Use and Professional Responsibility: Beyond the legal aspects of the copyright law lies an important issue -- Ethics. Educators, without regard to or knowledge of copyright restrictions, sometimes duplicate materials illegally or load software without license. Such copying, seemingly convenient and unnoticeable, is, in fact, stealing--taking someone's property without permission, thus depriving the author of income or control to which he/she is entitled. Teachers have a moral obligation to practice integrity and trustworthiness. Just as they expect students to refrain from cheating on tests and from taking others' belongings at school, teachers should honor the law when it comes to fair use and copyright. Thus, teachers not only should protect themselves from legal liability but should also model honesty and truthfulness by knowing when and what may be copied for educational use. Cathy Newsome, A Teacher's Guide to Fair Use and Copyright Modeling Honesty and Resourcefulness http://home.earthlink.net/~cnew/research.htm#Purpose of use
Let’s Start with a Quiz – “The Copyright Quiz” http://www.csus.edu/indiv/p/peachj/edte230/co pyright/quiz.htm This website was developed to help students and staff see what they know about the concept of copyright and how it applies to what they can and cannot do in school.
Understanding Copyright and Related Concepts CopyrightPatent Trademark Forms of protection for the owner / creator of ideas, inventions, artistic creations as well for logos and other branding items that identify a product.
Patent Facts For Inventions Must be renewed every 3.5, 7.5, 11.5 years Very expensive to register a product for a patent, may take up to 2 years, until then, patent pending Must be safe, legal, have a real use Patents aren’t automatically international If someone copies a patent, Infringement lawsuit
Copyright For Artistic / Literary Creations: art, music, dance routine, video game, poetry, books, pictures, photographs… Copyright is granted to the creator without having to ever register Lasts life of author plus 70 years unless created before 1978 – then lasts 75 years Gives creator the right to publish, reproduce or sell works Items can get an official registration through U.S. Copyright Office for a fee
Trademark Anything that is used to identify a specific brand or product It lasts as long as the product is available for sales For more info go to: http://atlaslawgroup.blogspot.com/2010_05_01_ archive.html http://atlaslawgroup.blogspot.com/2010_05_01_ archive.html If items gets copied, Infringement lawsuit
Plagiarism The intentional act of copying all or just part of another’s work and saying that it is your own. The unintentional act of copying another’s work and not giving proper credit to the source. – Note: teachers should make sure that students know the difference and that the student is responsible for giving proper credit and that each educational institution will have a policy to deal with plagiarism. – In the “non- educational” world, a lawsuit could be pursued.
Infringement When someone claims that an artistic creation, invention or trademark symbol is theirs or attempts to use such items without permission from the creator. Photo by Adam Fagen, www.flickr.com www.flickr.com
Real Life Cases and the Digital Millennium Act Who was affected? Musicians, Kazaa and other free music sharing web sites, the NBA, photographers and website owners, colleges and college students, middle aged moms, and last but not least…grandfather: Durwood Pickle!
Places to find more information on the topics just presented: U.S.Copyright Office – http://www.copyright.govhttp://www.copyright.gov Note: This site has a section just for educators to use with students. Note to presenter : Show the worksheet and way it is used in IMC classes A Teacher's Guide to Fair Use and Copyright http://home.earthlink.net/~cnew/research.htm#Questions and Restrictions Videos on Fair Use and Basic Copyright Explanation and use of derivitives http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GidwzOYiPl0&feature=player_embedd ed http://www.youtube.com/t/copyright_permissions
Fair Use and Educators Fair use explicitly allows use of copyrighted materials for educational purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Rather than listing exact limits of fair use, copyright law provides four standards for determination of the fair use exemption: Purpose of use: Copying and using selected parts of copyrighted works for specific educational purposes qualifies as fair use, especially if the copies are made spontaneously, are used temporarily, and are not part of an anthology. Nature of the work: For copying paragraphs from a copyrighted source, fair use easily applies. For copying a chapter, fair use may be questionable. Proportion/extent of the material used: Duplicating excerpts that are short in relation to the entire copyrighted work or segments that do not reflect the "essence" of the work is usually considered fair use. The effect on marketability: If there will be no reduction in sales because of copying or distribution, the fair use exemption is likely to apply. This is the most important of the four tests for fair use (Princeton University).Princeton University http://home.earthlink.net/~cnew/research.htm#Questions and Restrictions
Tools from the American Library Association and Stanford University to help decide if what are using is truly a “Fair Use” http://www.ala.org/ala/issuesadvocacy/copyrigh t/crtools/index.cfm http://fairuse.stanford.edu/ http://www.ala.org/ala/issuesadvocacy/copyrigh t/crtools/index.cfm http://fairuse.stanford.edu/
Tools to keep everyone “Copyright Compliant” Bibliography Tools: Citation Machine – http://citationmachine.net/http://citationmachine.net/ Easy Bib – http://easybib.com/http://easybib.com/ Microsoft Word Bibliography Tool: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word-help/create-a- bibliography-HA010067492.aspx
Web Sites for Copyright Free Music / Sound Effects Soundzabound – www.soundzabound.com – Get to this site by going to www.badgerlink.netwww.soundzabound.comwww.badgerlink.net – From home use their own library card to access it. http://www.freesound.org/index.php - you do have to register http://www.freesound.org/index.php http://www.soundjay.com/ http://www.pacdv.com/sounds/ http://www.stonewashed.net/sfx.html http://www.partnersinrhyme.com/pir/PIRsfx.shtml http://www.webplaces.com/html/sounds.htm www.creativecommons.org “Thunder” by Mark DiAngelo
Creative Commons Share, Remix, Reuse — Legally Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation. From the Creative Commons Website http://creativecommons.org/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ link to video about this free licensing system
Places to Find Royalty Free Images www.flickr.com http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/ http://www.pachd.com/ Use Creative Commons for searching or type in “Royalty free images” in a search engine
YOUTUBE and Copyright and The Center for Social Media Resource Link http://www.youtube.com/t/copyright_center http://centerforsocialmedia.org/fair- use/related-materials/codes/code-best- practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education http://centerforsocialmedia.org/fair- use/related-materials/codes/code-best- practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education Source for Copyright, Patent, Trademark information: Teacher’s Video Company Videos