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Agenda 1-15 1. Copy standard(NB #6) 2.Copy Vocab words, define and use in a sentence, due next week(NB #7) 3.Notes and discussion.

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Presentation on theme: "Agenda 1-15 1. Copy standard(NB #6) 2.Copy Vocab words, define and use in a sentence, due next week(NB #7) 3.Notes and discussion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Agenda 1-15 1. Copy standard(NB #6) 2.Copy Vocab words, define and use in a sentence, due next week(NB #7) 3.Notes and discussion

2 Standard SS8CG4 The student will analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government.

3 FelonyCriminal Law MisdemeanorTrial Jury JurisdictionTruancy Court of AppealsJuvenile Civil LawStatus offense PlaintiffDefendant Vocabulary- define and use in a sentence---due Friday

4 THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM LAW NOTES

5 What is a law? A law is Foundation of law in the U.S. A formal rule or statement about what we can or cannot do. 1st- the U.S. Constitution 2 nd - the Georgia Constitution

6 Who are the judges? Judges in Georgia are elected Some judges are elected in partisan elections. Partisan means they belong to a particular political party (usually Republican or Democrat)

7 TYPES OF LAW LAW CRIMINAL CIVIL

8 CIVIL LAW DEALS WITH AGREEMENTS BETWEEN 2 OR MORE PEOPLE OR BUSINESSES. –EX. DIVORCES,LANDLORD/TENANT /BOSS/EMPLOYEE, MECHANIC/CUSTOMER ETC.

9 Georgia law written in LAW BOOK- CALLED THE OFFICIAL CODE OF GEORGIA ANNOTATED O.C.G.A.

10 CIVIL PROCESS PLAINTIFF FILES LAWSUIT IN THE JURISDICTION-\ COUNTY WHERE DEF- ENDANT LIVES DEFENDANT- PERSON BEING SUED- IS SERVED WITH LAWSUIT PLAINTIFF BEGINS THE LAWSUIT

11 MEDIATION When the plaintiff and defendant meet before the case goes to court, usually with a neutral third party, to try and work things out –Similar to peer mediation

12 CIVIL PROCESS cont. IF THE PLAINTIFF WINS THE LAWSUIT, HE OR SHE GETS A JUDGMENT AND (POSSIBLY) AWARD: –AMOUNT OF MONEY OR PROPERTY WON

13 CIVIL CONT. CIVIL JURISDICTION –IF YOU ARE IN A CAR ACCIDENT AND NOT AT FAULT AND YOU SUE THE OTHER DRIVER FOR DAMAGES, YOU FILE THE LAWSUIT IN THE COUNTY WHERE THE OTHER DRIVER LIVES. –WHY?

14 LAWSUITS LAWSUITS READ: –PLAINTIFF VS. DEFENDANT JANE SMITH VS. JOHN SMITH (DIVORCE) ROBERT JONES VS. GOODYEAR

15 CRIME QUIZ 1.During what season does the murder rate peak? 2.What is the most often used weapon? 3.Which gender commits the most crime? 4.Which group of people is most often a crime victim- women, young males, children?

16 CRIME FACTS answers: Murder rate peaks in the summer Firearm is the weapon of choice Males traditionally commit the majority of crime & have an arrest ratio 4:1 over women Young males- not women or children- are most often the victims of crime

17 CRIME QUIZ 5. Is the crime rate higher in rural or urban areas? 6. What is the name of the Federal Law Enforcement Agency? 7. Under which Branch of the government is it found? 8. Under which department is it found?

18 CRIME QUIZ answers 5. urban 6. The FBI – Federal Bureau of Investigation 7. The Executive Branch (enforces laws) 8. The Department of Justice (DOJ)

19 CRIMINAL LAW INTENTIONAL VIOLATION OF LAW THAT HURTS OR OFFENDS A PERSON OR THEIR PROPERTY –PUNISHMENT: GIVE UP FREEDOM

20

21 PURPOSE OF CRIMINAL LAW DETER OR PREVENT CRIMINAL ACTIVITY PROTECT WELL-BEING

22 IN CRIMINAL LAW, CRIMES MUST BE: CLEARLY DEFINED HAVE A REASONABLE PUNISHMENT- CANNOT VIOLATE 8 TH AMENDMENT

23 Appellate Courts Look over judgments made by trial courts. Appellate courts only hear appeals. They make sure that the trials were fair.

24

25

26 RULE OF LAW NO ONE IS ABOVE THE LAW EVERYONE IS SUBJECT TO THE SAME LAWS –“JUSTICE IS BLIND”

27 2 CATEGORIES OF CRIME CRIME OF OMMISSION CRIME OF COMMISSION

28 CRIME OF OMISSION FAILING TO DO WHAT THE LAW REQUIRES –EXAMPLE: GETTING A DRIVER’S LICENSE BEFORE DRIVING

29 CRIME OF COMMISSION DOING SOMETHING THE LAW SAYS NOT TO DO EXAMPLE: DO NOT STEAL, KILL, SPEED, ETC.

30 DUE PROCESS CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF THOSE ACCUSED OF A CRIME: being told of charges, right to confront witnesses against you etc. –5 TH AMENDMENT –6 TH AMENDMENT –7 TH AMENDMENT –14 TH AMENDMENT

31 3 TYPES OF CRIMINAL VIOLATIONS ORDINANCE- –A LOCAL CITY LAW EX. NOISE ORDINANCE- CAN’T MOW GRASS BEFORE 6 A.M.

32 MISDEMEANOR LESS SERIOUS CRIME or “Jailable” offense PUNISHABLE BY LESS THAN 1 YEAR IN JAIL OR PRISON AND/OR A $1,000 FINE –EX. THEFT UNDER $500 IN VALUE –SIMPLE BATTERY

33 FELONY MOST SERIOUS CRIME PUNISHABLE BY 1 YEAR OR MORE IN PRISON AND/OR MORE THAN $1,000 FINE. –EX. THEFT OVER $500 IN VALUE, AGGRAVATED ASSAULT (SERIOUS BODILY HARM) RAPE, MURDER –CONVICTED FELONS MAY NOT VOTE OR EVER OWN WEAPONS

34 JAIL VS. PRISON –JAIL- WHERE A DEFENDANT IS HELD BEFORE TRIAL; OPERATED BY COUNTY –PRISON- WHERE A CONVICTED PERSON SERVES TIME ; OPERATED BY STATE

35 CRIMINAL JURISDICTION WHERE THE CRIME TOOK PLACE –EX. IF YOUR CAR IS STOLEN IN ATLANTA AND YOU LIVE IN SMYRNA, WHERE DO YOU FILE THE POLICE REPORT?

36 IN THE UNITED STATES: Every 22.1 seconds One Violent Crime Every 35.3 seconds One Aggravated Assault Every 1.2 minutes One Robbery Every 5.5 minutes One Forcible Rape Every 32.4 minutes One Murder Every 3.0 seconds One Property Crime Every 4.5 seconds One Larceny-theft Every 14.7 seconds One Burglary Every 25.3 seconds One Motor Vehicle Theft

37 CRIME IN OUR BACKYARD: 2010 STATS from the Georgia Bureau of Investigation (GBI)

38 County Population MurderRapeRobberyAgg. Assault (weapon) BurglaryLarceny/ theft Motor vehicle theft Arson Bartow95,201132572189432,3472723 Cherokee216,615123401466902,4071586 Clayton270,66415916206754,9816,2381,59344 COBB702,02331356081,2594,85911,5991,22762 DeKalb730,856851782,1141,63210,43719,7434,915116 Douglas129,757419662728063,2152609 Forsyth178,42331817675171,561959 Fulton1,023,7121322323,2254,61414,01032,4037,399134 Gwinnett805,870281968729186,14913,4501,68599 Paulding138,965119271697232,10721919

39 Judicial Branch/Law Review

40 1. The judges in some of Georgia’s courts are selected in partisan elections. Partisan means A.Not associated with a political party B.Associated with a political party C.Not associated with at particular county D.Associated with a particular county

41 1. The judges in some of Georgia’s courts are selected in partisan elections. Partisan means A.Not associated with a political party B.Associated with a political party C.Not associated with at particular county D.Associated with a particular county

42 2. Which of the following is characteristic of an appellate court? A.trials B.juries C.decides if someone broke the law D.looks over decisions made by other courts

43 2. Which of the following is characteristic of an appellate court? A.trials B.juries C.decides if someone broke the law D.looks over decisions made by other courts

44 3. In a civil case, the defendant is accused of having wronged another person. The person who makes this accusation is called the A.plaintiff B.prosecutor C.judge D.jury

45 3. In a civil case, the defendant is accused of having wronged another person. The person who makes this accusation is called the A.plaintiff B.prosecutor C.judge D.jury

46 4. Crimes for which punishment is less than one year in jail are called A.felonies B.serious C.heinous D.misdemeanors

47 4. Crimes for which punishment is less than one year in jail are called A.felonies B.serious C.heinous D.misdemeanors


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