Presentation on theme: "The Truth About Eating Fish"— Presentation transcript:
1The Truth About Eating Fish Presenter: Jannel Albury CherringtonMPH Student – Sahmyook UniversityJune 24, 2011
2The Truth About Eating Fish Is it okay to eat fish?Didn’t Jesus eat fish?Luke 24:42-43King James Version (KJV) 42And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. 43And he took it, and did eat before them.
3The Truth About Eating Fish Chemicals found in fish today are hazardous to ourhealth.MercuryPolychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB’s)DioxinDDTChlordane
4The Truth About Eating Fish The "Mad Hatter" of Alice in Wonderland didn't get his name by accident. Hat-makers used to use mercury to strengthen their hats, and in the process breathed in mercury vapors.Mercury
5The Truth About Eating Fish Mercury(major contaminant)The Environmental Protection Agency of the United States (EPA) says “Consumption of contaminated fish and shellfish is the primary route of human exposure to methylmercury.”
6The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryHow does mercury enter fish?Main source - air emissions from power generation and industrial and waste disposal activities.Mercury settles in the oceans and waterwaysBacteria in water transforms mercury to MethylmercuryMethylmercury is easily absorbed in fish and humans, is not easy to eliminate
7The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryHow does mercury enter fish?Mercury then works its way up the food chain as large fish consume contaminated smaller fish.Predatory fish such as large tuna, swordfish, shark and mackerel can have mercury concentrations in their bodies that are 10,000 times higher than those of their surrounding habitat
8The Truth About Eating Fish How Mercury Enters the EnvironmentHow Mercury Enters the Environment
10The Truth About Eating Fish Less MercuryMore Mercury
11The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryWhat are the adverse effects on human health?Brain damage is most common, especially in thedeveloping fetus…likely to be sufficient to resultin an increase in the number of children whohave to struggle to keep up in school and whomight require remedial classes or specialeducation .
12The Truth About Eating Fish Minamata Disease – Japan ( )Fish was the mainsource of protein.Many residents died.Children were bornWith cerebral palsyand mentalretardation.
13The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryFish contamination is global. Mercury is found in fishfar from the source of release (found in fish in the arctic).*Hair samples were collected from 45 governmentdelegates from 40 countries during a UN(United Nations) meeting. All hair samples were positivefor mercury.*Amount of mercury in hair provides an estimate of methylmercury in the body.
14The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryFDA (Food and Drug Administration) of the U.S.Regulation of commercial fishing.Advisory on Mercury in Seafood!
15The Truth About Eating Fish FDA (Food and Drug Administration) of the United StatesMACKEREL KINGANCHOVIESMACKEREL ATLANTIC (N.Atlantic)SALMON (CANNED) *0.008SALMON (FRESH/FROZEN) *TILAPIA *0.013TUNA (CANNED, LIGHT)GROUPER (ALL SPECIES)SNAPPERTUNA (FRESH/FROZEN, ALBACORE)
16The Truth About Eating Fish Do not eat Shark, Swordfish, King Mackerel, or Tilefishbecause they contain high levels of mercury.Eat up to 12 ounces (2 average meals) a week of a variety of fishand shellfish that are lower in mercury.Five of the most commonly eaten fish that are low in mercury are shrimp, canned light tuna, salmon, pollock, and catfish.Another commonly eaten fish, albacore ("white") tuna has more mercury than canned light tuna. So, when choosing your two meals of fish and shellfish, you may eat up to 6 ounces (one average meal) of albacore tuna per week.Check local advisories about the safety of fish caught by family andfriends in your local lakes, rivers, and coastal areas. If no advice isavailable, eat up to 6 ounces (one average meal) per week of fishyou catch from local waters, but don't consume any other fishduring that week.
17The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryEPA (Environmental Protection Agency) regulationof recreational fishing.National Listing of Fish Advisories
18The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryMercury contamination is national – even in rural(countryside) lakes and rivers.
19The Truth About Eating Fish MercuryHow safe is the fish in Korea?Conclusion:The blood mercury level in a representative sample of the Korean adult population was found to be associated with fish consumption in both men and women. However, a high consumption of fish increased the blood mercury level by only 18%.
20The Truth About Eating Fish .Mercury cannot be cooked out or cut out of fish!
21The Truth About Eating Fish Mercury level and Yellow DustArirang (April 2011)Brace Yourself for the Yellow Dust Storm“The worse thing about yellow dust is the pollutantslike mercury”.
22The Truth About Eating Fish Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB’s)Used in hundreds of industrial and commercialapplications.Accumulates in plants and food crops.Taken up into the bodies of fish.People who ingest fish may be exposed to PCBs.Cause a variety of adverse health effects
23The Truth About Eating Fish Products that may contain PCBTransformers and capacitorsOther electrical equipment including voltage regulators, switches,reclosers, bushings, and electromagnetsOil used in motors and hydraulic systemsOld electrical devices or appliances containing PCB capacitorsFluorescent light ballastsCable insulationThermal insulation material including fiberglass, felt, foam, and corkAdhesives and tapesOil-based paintCaulkingPlasticsCarbonless copy paperFloor finish
24The Truth About Eating Fish DioxinFormed from combustion of commercial ormunicipal waste incineration and from burning fuels(like wood, coal or oil).Formed from forest fires and burning trash.Increased risk for cancer if exposed to high levels.
25The Truth About Eating Fish DioxinReleased into water, settle into sediments,ingested by fish.Accumulates in fatty fish (ex. Salmon).
26The Truth About Eating Fish DioxinFollow health advisory regarding consumption offish.Remove fat from fish.
27The Truth About Eating Fish DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) is a pesticide once widely used to control insects in agriculture and insects that carry diseases such as malaria.Entered the environment when used as a pesticide;Still enters the environment due to current use inother countries.
28The Truth About Eating Fish DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)DDT, and especially DDE, build up in plants and infatty tissues of fish, birds, and other animals butlevels are very low.The Department of Health and Human Services(DHHS) determined that DDT may reasonable beanticipated to be a human carcinogen.
29The Truth About Eating Fish DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)Cooking reduces the amount of DDT in fish.Follow health advisories about consumption of fish.
30The Truth About Eating Fish ChlordaneA persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT)pollutant targeted by EPA.Used in the United States from 1948 to 1978 as apesticide.Likely causes cancer and may cause liver cancerCan cause behavioral disorders in children if theywere exposed before birth or while nursingHarms the endocrine system, nervous system,digestive system, and liver
31The Truth About Eating Fish Are Fish Farms Safe?Not entirely. They may be:Raised in close quarters so must be treated with pesticides and fed antibiotics to minimize lice and disease. Farmed salmon are fed a fish meal. Pink color is artificial.
32The Truth About Eating Fish Is it Safe to Use Fish Oils?Not entirely, they may contain PCBs.
33The Truth About Eating Fish Can Radiation from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclearpower plant in Japan show up in fish?Yes, the Japanese government announced highlevels of radioactive iodine and cesium were foundin fish caught halfway between the reactor site andTokyo.
34The Truth About Eating Fish If we shouldn’t eat fish, how can we obtainomega -3 fatty Acids?The AMA (American Medical Association) says fish isa good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which benefitheart health.However, some types of fish may contain highlevels of mercury, PCBs (polychlorinatedbiphenyls), dioxins and other environmentalcontaminants.
35The Truth About Eating Fish Dr. Frank Sacks from theHarvard School of Public says our bodies cannot makeomega-3 fats, so we must get them through food.omega-3 fatty acids are also associated with manyhealth benefits, including protection against heartdisease and possibly stroke.Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is an omega-3 fatty acid,found in some vegetable oils, such as soybean,rapeseed (canola), and flaxseed, and in walnuts.
36The Truth About Eating Fish Foods Rich in Omega-3 Fatty AcidsFlaxseedSoybean oilFruits & VegetablesFruits & Vegetables
37The Truth About Eating Fish The Bible tells in that Jesus ate meat, so whyshouldn’t we eat meat?Luke 24:42-43 (KJV, King James Version)42And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and ofan honeycomb. 43And he took it, and did eat beforethem.There were no industrial wastes and chemicals topollute the water.
38The Truth About Eating Fish Counsels on Diet and Foods – Ellen G. White“In many places fish becomes so contaminated by thefilth on which they feed as to be a cause of diseasethis is especially the case where the fish come incontact with the sewage of large cities. The fishthat are fed on the contents of the drains maypass into distant waters, and may be caughtwhere the water is pure and fresh. Thus whenused as a food they bring disease and death onthose who do not suspect the danger.” Pg. 394
39The Truth About Eating Fish In conclusion I hope that the information that has been presented encourages you to abstain from eating fish or to make wise choices in choosing the amount and type of fish consumed. I pray that we will all do our part in caring for our bodies by eating foods that are healthy, foods that were provided by God in the Garden of Eden – fruits, herbs, nuts, and grains. May God bless you!
41The Truth About Eating Fish References:1.http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/standards/criteria/aqlife/pollutants/methylmercury/factsheet.cfm2.3.http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/standards/criteria/aqlife/pollutants/methylmercury/factsheet.cfm4.5.6.http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/fishadvisories/tech2008.cfm7.8.http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9807E0DD1E39F933A1575BC0A96F9C8B63&scp=9&sq=fish+safety&st=nyt9.http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Fulltext/2011/01001/Blood_Total_Mercury_and_Fish_Consumption_in_the.725.aspx10.11.12.http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/FoodContaminantsAdulteration/ChemicalContaminants/DioxinsPCBs/ucm htm22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.20.