2At the Forefront: Manufacturing and Product Design Why? Energy usage, oil usage, depletes natural resources, generates by-product waste, hazardous material, genetic engineering.Beyond quality control ISO 9000We all like new products and ones that make our life better or more convenient.Are we willing to change in terms of expectations?
3Innovation is the Key Benefits of Designing for the Environment: Reduce strains on natural environmentLongevity of raw materialsReduce waste to landfill
4Sustainable Engineering Design for the EnvironmentInnovation designed for the environmentSustainable ManufacturingLean manufacturing with environmental stewardshipReduces water, energy, waste through design – usage – end of lifeNo longer will design for recyclability but reusability
5StrategiesProduct Design: Redesigning with the Whole Life Cycle in Mind: The Evolution of Product Design & Composition at Levi Strauss & Co. | Sustainable BrandsDesign for Environment: reduce environmental impacts of a product in production and end use.Less materialLess energyDifferent product altogetherLess/eliminate chemicalsDurability and longevity
6Designing for disassembly Designing for end of lifeEasily disassembled or reused
7Benefits to Manufacturers Improve efficiency, not just quality controlSave energyImprove product reliabilityReduce hazardous waste materialEliminate waste to zero wasteLose customers if not sustainableAvoid bad pressShut out of entire marketsPressure from customers, NGO’s
24Grey/Black List, No Not “A” List Grey list: countries phasing out chemicalsBlack list: chemicals not permitted at allCarcinogen – cancerTeratogen –birth defectsEndocrine disruptor – mimics hormonesMutagen – mutates genetic codeBioaccumlative toxin – remains in body tissueSony Playstation banned in EU due to cadmium (RoHS)
25RoHSEuropean Union’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive or RoHSEffective on July 1, 2006Restricts the use of certain materialsLeadMercuryCadmiumhexavalent chromiumbromine-containing flame retardants:PBB (polybrominated biphenyls)PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers) -- in electrical and electronic products.
26Zero Waste The quality movement created Zero Defect Thus, Zero Waste Drives innovation and efficiencyIt does not mean zero by-productsYou find markets for your unused material“Zero Waste to Landfill” for solid wasteAlso focus on emissions/energy/air pollution waste reductionYou paid for it, don’t waste it. Sell it.
28Biomimicry ExampleStartup Calera: mimics coral to extract CO2 from industrial emissions and bubbles through sea water to manufacture cementBiomimicryJanine Benyus: 2009 speechAsk Nature - the Biomimicry Design Portal