Presentation on theme: "Monday. What is the difference between a prescription drug and an OTC (over-the- counter) drug? Give an example of each."— Presentation transcript:
What is the difference between a prescription drug and an OTC (over-the- counter) drug? Give an example of each.
Today’s Agenda: 1.Warm-up 2.Review Pre-test 3.OTC/prescription Notes 4.OTC label handout Mon Nov 10, 2014 Assignments Due: Objective: Essential Question: What the different categories of drugs and how can they affect the body? 1. I will be able to list and describe the 5 ways drugs can enter the body 2. I will understand safe OTC and prescription drug use
The incorrect use of a prescription or OTC drug Examples: ◦ using someone else’s prescription ◦ Taking the wrong dosage ◦ Taking a drug too often
The intentional use of a drug without medical or health reasons Examples: ◦ Taking illegal drugs ◦ Drinking cough syrup to feel buzzed
1. By mouth ◦ swallowing a pill capsule, or liquid ◦ Travels to the stomach and small intestine, then is absorbed into the blood stream
2. By injection ◦ Using a syringe and a needle ◦ Must be dissolved in a liquid ◦ Goes directly under the skin into a muscle or blood vessel
3. By inhalation ◦ Through the nose or mouth ◦ Enters the bloodstream quickly through the lungs
4. By implantation ◦ Surgically implanted or placed under the skin, where they are released into the blood stream
5. By absorption ◦ Enters the bloodstream though the skin or mucous membranes
Buccal absorption ◦ When a drug is absorbed between the cheek and gums Sublingual absorption ◦ When a drug is absorbed under the tongue
A medicine that fights a specific illness or infection and can be obtained only with a written order from a licensed health professional
Two drugs are the same and produce the same effects
A drug that can be purchased without a prescription at drug stores or grocery stores
Indication for use ◦ The symptom or condition for which an OTC drug should be used
Side Effect ◦ An unwanted body change that is not related to the main purpose of the drug
Complete the OTC worksheet INDEPENDENTLY
Today’s Agenda: 1.No School – Veteran’s Day Tue Nov 4, 2014 Assignments Due: Objective:
Today’s Agenda: 1.Warm-up 2.Pass back graded papers 3.Update tracking sheet 4.Alcohol Notes 5.Video: Smashed Wed/Thu Nov 12/13, 2014 Assignments Due: Objective: Essential Question: What the different categories of drugs and how can they affect the body? I will understand the effects of alcohol on the body.
4 = 3 = 2 = 1 = 0 = 22 or less Turn your UNIT 5 Tracking sheet into the basket 3 rd person in each row, get textbooks for your row – PAGE 411 Get our your drug notes packet
1. Reasoning and judgment are seriously impaired. People can no longer make responsible decisions. They have slurred speech and walk with a stagger. They are considered legally drunk. 2. People feel relaxed. They have increased social confidence and become more talkative. 3. People may enter a deep coma and die. 4. People become confused and disoriented. People may become nauseous and vomit. 5. People are likely to be unconscious. Breathing and heartbeat slow down. Death can occur. 6. People have little or no control over their minds and bodies. Most people cannot stay awake. 7. Emotions are unpredictable and may change rapidly. They may switch from laughing to crying. They may pass out. 8. Speech may be slurred. There is a decrease in muscular coordination and reaction time is slowed. A..02 B..05 C D..12 E..20 F..30 G..40 H..50
Today’s Agenda: 1.Warm-up 2.Tobacco Notes Fri Nov 7, 2014 Assignments Due: Objective: Essential Question: What the different categories of drugs and how can they affect the body? I will understand the effects of tobacco on the body.
The stimulant drug found in tobacco products
Stimulates the nervous system Highly addictive Dulls taste buds Constricts blood vessels Increases heart rate and blood pressure Causes more premature death and disease than all other drug dependence combined
The body’s reaction to quitting the use of tobacco products ◦ Craving for tobacco ◦ Anxious ◦ Irritable ◦ Restless ◦ Headache ◦ Difficulty concentrating ◦ Heart palpitations ◦ Increased appetite
The plant that contains nicotine
Tobacco that is chewed or snorted, but not smoked
Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,00 chemicals 43 of which are known CARCINOGENS A carcinogen is any chemical that is known to cause cancer Most of the carcinogens are found in the TAR Tar is a sticky thick fluid that is formed when tobacco is burned.
Another dangerous substance that forms when tobacco is burned is CARBON MONOXIDE Carbon monoxide is an odorless, tasteless, gas that interferes with the ability of blood to carry oxygen.
Smoking causes cancer ◦ Most people with lung cancer die within 5 years of learning they have cancer ◦ Also causes caner of the throat, mouth, esophagus, pancreas, and bladder
Smoking harms the respiratory system ◦ Tar lines the lungs and air passages ◦ Tar harms the cilia (hair line structures that remove dust and particles from the air) ◦ Aggravates asthma
◦ Can cause CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMINARY DISEASE (COPD) – a disease that interferes with breathing ◦ Examples: Chronic bronchitis Emphysema – a condition in which the alveoli lose most of their ability to function. The lungs lose their ability to inflate and hold air. Cannot be cured
Secondhand smoke – exhaled mainstream smoke or side stream smoke Sidestream smoke – smoke that enters the air from a burning cigarette, cigar, or pipe
Mainstream smoke – smoke that is directly inhaled into the smoker’s lungs
Chopped up tobacco leaves sold as chewing tobacco or snuff Causes nicotine dependence Contains carcinogens
Causes problems with teeth and gums ◦ Scratch and wear away teeth ◦ Causes gums to pull away from teeth Causes cancer ◦ Leukoplakia – abnormal cells that appear as white patches of tissue
Turn into the basket NOW! Instead of an acrostic: List 3 NEW things you learned this week in class