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The Respiratory Test Review
Question #1 Why do you need oxygen?
Answer Oxygen is needed in cellular respiration to break down glucose into a useful form of energy called ATP.
Question #2 What part of the brain regulates the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide needed in the blood stream?
Answer The medulla oblongata
Question #3 Name one part of the line defense of the lungs.
Answer mucus macrophages
Question #4 Is the air pressure higher or lower during inhalation?
Question #5 What is Tidal Volume?
Answer The volume of air during a normal breath.
Question #6 What happens to the diaphragm during inhalation?
Answer It lowers (contracts)
Question #7 Name the instrument used to measure the volume of your lungs.
Answer The spirometer
Question #8 What is the name of the substance that prevents your alveoli walls from sticking together.
Question #9 Which part of the respiratory system traps the most debris?
Answer The nose
Question #10 If you had laryngitis what would be the major symptom?
Answer Loss of your voice
Question #11 What keeps your trachea from collapsing?
Answer Rings of cartilage
Question #12 The branches of the bronchi eventually become ___________.
Question #13 What are the smallest, elastic, microscopic parts of the lungs called?
Question #14 How is the ERV determined?
Answer It is the measure of the remainder of the exhaled air in your lungs.
Question #15 How is most of the carbon dioxide in your blood carried?
Answer As bicarbonate- HCO3
Question #16 A condition in which there are damaged alveoli is called _____________
Question #17 A bacterial infection which grows colonies in the lungs and can take 12 months to recuperate from is called__________.
Question #18 What is the name of the flap of tissue that prevents food from going down your trachea?
Question #19 What is the chemical found in cigarettes that smokers are addicted to?
Question #20 The toxic brew of chemicals found in cigarettes is called _________.
Question #21 What line of defense is paralyzed when it comes in contact with cigarette smoke?
Question #22 What percent of lung cancer patients were smokers?
Question #23 Why do smokers have an increased chance of heart attacks?
Answer Their heart has to work harder to circulate oxygen to the cells due to lower oxygen levels in their circulatory system.
Question #25 What is meant by a carcinogen?
Answer It is any substance that is cancer causing to humans.
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