Presentation on theme: "Electromagnetic Pollution: Supplementary Slides Daytona Beach Take Back Your Power."— Presentation transcript:
Electromagnetic Pollution: Supplementary Slides Daytona Beach Take Back Your Power
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Changes to our Electromagnetic Environment over Time
Cell Towers: Standards vs. Actual Harm
Radiation from Cell Tower 328 feet vs. Wi-Fi enabled Laptop at < 2 feet …and not in the US … Sweden and Lebanon
Recent Spread of Wi-Fi
Guterman et al., IEEE APS Trans., vol 51, n. 4, p (August 2009)
Cell Phones, PDAs, iPods… Prof. Om Ghandi, Electrical Engineering Department, University of Utah
Cell Phone Manuals: Fine Print Warnings! Blackberry Torch: – "Use hands-free if available and keep the Blackberry at least.98 in. from your body, including the abdomen of pregnant women and the lower abdomen of teenagers or it may cause your device to exceed RF exposure standards... – The Long Term Effects of Exceeding RF Exposure Standards Might Present a Risk of Serious Harm.. – Caution: When using the camera flash, hold the camera flash LED aperture at least in. (50 cm) from the subject's eyes. Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.” Motorola Manual: – “Some people who have used mobile phones have been diagnosed with brain cancer.” – "An association was found between mobile phone use and one rare type of glioma, neuroepithelliomatous tumors … when tumors did exist in certain locations, however, they were more likely to be on the side of the head where the mobile phone was used.”
You can limit exposure to Radio-frequency (RF) Energy from your cell phone. Although studies continue to assess potential health effects of mobile phone use, the World Health Organization has classified RF Energy as a possible carcinogen. This material was prepared solely by the City and County of San Francisco and must be provided to consumers under local law. If you are concerned about potential health effects from cell phone RF Energy, the City of San Francisco recommends: Limiting cell phone use by children Developing brains and thinner skulls lead to higher absorption in children. Using a headset, speakerphone or text instead Exposure decreases rapidly with increasing distance from the phone. Using belt clips and purses to keep distance between your phone and body Do not carry on your body to at least meet the distance specified in your phone’s user manual Avoiding cell phones in areas with weak signals (elevators, on transit, etc.) Using a cell phone in areas of good reception decreases exposure by allowing the phone to transmit at reduced power. Reducing the number and length of calls Turn off your cell phone when not in use. This material was prepared solely by the City and County of San Francisco and must be provided to consumers under local law.
Safer Cell Phone Use
How To Practice Electromagnetic Hygiene: Tips to Reduce Your Exposure to Microwave Radiation CELL PHONES – Use Cell Phone on Speakerphone or with a wired earpiece; hold phone away from body; never hold it up to your ear; Note that “dumb” flip- phones emit far less radiation than smart phones; Do not use Bluetooth ear attachments, use a “BlueTUBE” or other wired headset. Phone off in bedroom; at least not near beside. – Use Wired Land-Line phone indoors; Avoid cordless phones; keep away from cordless base stations. – Keep phone on table or seat away from you; if in bag- keep away from body (never put cell phone in bra); a holster on body is not ideal, but if in use orient phone’s antenna away from body. – Hard-wiring car with antenna on car’s EXTERIOR is preferred; if using Bluetooth in the car, shut it off when not in use. – Never use a phone in an elevator or other metal enclosed space, including planes, trains and automobiles. – International Guidance is to not use the cell phone for more than 6 minutes at a time and for no longer than 20 minutes per day; Children under 18 should avoid using cell phones except for emergency use and pregnant women should avoid using them at all. WI-FI – Use a Wired Connection instead of Wi-Fi; hard wire your house. At the very least, shut off the Wi-Fi transmitter when not in use and at night. – Don’t use cell phone hotspots on your phone; they can emit more radiation than is publicly allowable in Switzerland, Italy, Russia and China (which are probably allowing their own standards to be breached); wait to use a hard line connection for internet. – Experts recommend that those with any medical condition, including pregnancy, avoid proximity to routers. – Use UV blocker on windows to block neighbors’ passive Wi-Fi. – If in a Wi-Fi’ed environment, KNOW the location of transmitters and keep a distance. – Note that the World’s Expert on wireless devices, Dr. Lennart Hardell indicates that an iPad is emitting up to 100,000 times too much radiation; avoid wireless tablets; at very least disable wireless function. SMART METERS – Opt-Out of wireless utility smart meter and demand either an analog meter or other wired meter. – Note that wireless AMR meters are “smart meters-lite”; utilities take great pains not to call them a smart meter, but they are wireless and transmit out to the street awaiting a passing van to “wand” them. If you have one, start by putting a sheet of aluminum on the other side of the wall and avoid part of room that has wireless meter on the other side. CELL TOWERS – Note nearest cell towers; keep a wide berth from them (stay out of direct line of site and stay 1,500 feet away and further if sensitive to the radiation). Do not live close to a cell tower; if this is unavoidable, consult a building biologist to shield your house properly. – Make sure town is committed to protecting property values and that the ordinance has rational siting provisions to keep cell towers away from frequented areas, including but not limited to houses, schools and critical institutions like courts, government buildings, drug stores, doctors’ offices and post offices. OTHER – Do not use wireless baby monitors; wired is preferred; one type of wireless emits a less bioactive frequency, but must be kept as far away from the baby as possible. – Note that kitchen appliances emit ELF (extra-low frequency radiation); blenders in particular are high. emitters; even a non-wireless device like an iPod emits high amounts of RF at the surface- carry in a bag away from body- do not tuck into athletic-wear. – Avoid turning house into a “smart-home” and buying appliances, including, but not limited to music speaker systems, wireless refrigerators and alarm systems. – Avoid Use of Femtocells/Cell Phone Boosters. – Avoid Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs); Incandescents are the safest. Stay at least 50 cm away from CFLs. – Use Wired Mouse, Wired Printer, Wired Keyboard; Wii Games; Hard Dock computer at home. – Unplug appliances at night where possible; consider shutting off the power to a child’s bedroom at night.
Transmitter Free Zone Zones in Public Places Decal for Wired BuildingsAction Steps ACTION STEPS: ADA NIBS/IEQ report as model for legislators to mandate TFZ ISSUES: FCC Plan to abandon wired coverage, smart meter roll-outs, incandescent light/CFL swap, Distributed Antennae Systems (DAS), Wi-Fi transmitters on electric poles, Wi-Max, Blue Tooth, Cordless Phones, Baby Monitors Signify truly Green Buildings/ Microwave Free Zones: like the Smoke free premises signs of the 1990’s
Policy Issues Policy: TFZ will encompass Wi-Fi, smart meter and cell transmitter free government buildings. oPremises will be free of cell transmitters and smart meters and Wi-Fi oCommitments sought to keep transmitters 1500 feet away from premises oCommitments sought to keep cell phones and wireless PDA's shut off indoors Justification: Protect children, vulnerable populations, including 20 million Americans with medical implant devices (MID's) and occupational health of public employees. oPromote Precautionary Principle. oPreserve control populations for future study. oCreate PR campaign that gets people to ask about the benefits of living in a TFZ. oPreserve right to a clean, healthy environment and the right to choose to avoid second-hand radiation. oCreate a new societal stakeholder in green buildings/sustainability movement
Residential EMF Exposure
smart meters FCC ID: OWS-NIC507 FCC IDENTIFIER
Smart grid architecture HOME AREA NETWORK (HAN)
CONSUMPTION DATA PEAK = 7.18 kW MEAN = 0.49 kW DAILY LOAD FACTOR = 0.07 ENERGY CONSUPTION = 11.8 kWh Smart meter issues Privacy Concerns Privacy Concerns 24 HOUR DAY POWER, kW HEATER STOVE TOASTER WASHINGMACHINE REFRIGERATOR OVEN PREHEATING OVEN CYCLING HOT WATER HEATER STOVE SOURCE: NIST
Smart METERS NEIGHBORHOOD AREA NETWORK (NAN)
Smart meter Exposure levels “Second-hand” microwave geography in Salt Lake City, Utah, Paul M. Torrens, Geography, Arizona State University “SECOND-HAND” RADIATION MAP IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH SOURCE: Smart Meter Deployments are Significantly Increasing Electrosmog
Wi-Fi router to identify location indoors by law enforcement
Wireless Cities: Silver Spring Corp.
Intellistreets: Illuminating Concepts Corp.
Intellistreets: Illuminating Concepts Corp.: “We Can Build Your Network without Digging for Costly Wires”