Presentation on theme: "1 Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS Developed by: Construction Safety Council 4100 Madison Street Hillside, IL 60162 (800) 552-7744 www.buildsafe.org."— Presentation transcript:
1 Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS Developed by: Construction Safety Council 4100 Madison Street Hillside, IL 60162 (800) 552-7744 www.buildsafe.org
2 Welcome to… Health Hazards in Construction Construction & utility workers are exposed to a variety of health hazards everyday. These men and women have the potential for becoming sick, ill and disabled for life. Learn the health hazards on your job and know how to protect yourself… Sadly, these health hazards (e.g., dangerous dust and other chemicals) can be unexpectedly brought home…
Learning Objective TLO:Comply with OSHA’s new Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) and function within the Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals. 3
Learning Objective EO:Identify the purpose, scope, benefits, elements and effective dates of GHS. EO:Compare and contrast GHS with HCS. EO:Define the 16 physical and 10 health hazard classifications. EO:Describe the requirements of a 16-section SDS. EO:List the new label requirements. EO:Identify controls to eliminate and/or reduce exposure to hazards. 4
Effective Dates Dec. 1, 2013 – Train employees on the new label elements and SDS format. Dec. 1, 2015 – Shipment of products with old system ends. June 1, 2016 – Full implementation. 5
Existing Requirements Consumer Product Safety Commission Department of Commerce Department of Transportation Food and Drug Administration Environmental Protection Agency Occupational Safety & Health Administration Department of Agriculture National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences 7
8 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 704M) Blue Red White Yellow 0 4 1
9 Hazardous Materials Identification System Developed by the National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA). A numerical hazard rating that incorporates the use of labels with color-coded bars. A special code identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is also listed.
Conflicting Definitions §1926.155 – Definitions to Subpart F Flammable liquids defined as having a flash point below 140°F. §1910.1200 – Definitions (HAZCOM 1994) Liquid, flammable defined as having a flash point below 100°F. 11
HCS 2012 29 CFR 1910.1200 Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria Appendix B: Physical Hazard Criteria Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets Appendix E: Definition of Trade Secret Appendix F: Hazard Classifications Regarding Carcinogenicity 12
HCS 2012 (Purpose & Scope) Ensure that the hazards of all chemicals are classified. Information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employees. –Hazard Communication Program –Labeling –Safety Data Sheets (SDS) –Training 13
New Definitions (HCS 2012) Classification Hazard category Hazard class Hazard not otherwise classified “Unclassified Hazard” Hazard statement Label elements Pictogram 14
New Definitions (HCS 2012) Precautionary statement Product identifier Pyrophoric Gas –Arsine –Acetylene Safety data sheet Signal word Simple asphyxiant Substance 15
Revision Example §1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of flammable or 120 gallons of combustible liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet… 20
Revision Example §1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of Category 1, 2 and/or 3 flammable liquids or 120 gallons of Category 4 flammable liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet… 21
22 The Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals GasAquatic HazardExplosiveFlammableCorrosive Oxidizer Irritant & Sensitizer Acute Toxicity Chronic Health Hazard
Hazard Class Means the nature of the physical or health hazard, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity. 23 Hazard Category The division of criteria within each hazard class. These categories compare hazard severity within a hazard class and should not be taken as a comparison of hazard categories more generally.
Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable 24
Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable 25
Physical Hazards Explosives Flammable Gas Flammable Aerosols Oxidizing Gases Gases Under Pressure Flammable Liquid Flammable Solid Self-Reactive Substances Pyrophoric Solid Self-Heating Substances Contact with Water Emits Flammable Gas Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Solids Organic Peroxides Corrosive to Metal 26
29 Recognition of Hazards What do you see? –Visible material in the air –Settled dust –Warning signs, labels & decals
30 Anticipation of Health Hazards knowing the history of the work involved. Worker experience and education. To anticipate hazards: Survey job-site conditions Be aware of the actions and behaviors of workers.
33 Responsibility to Self & Family Occupational health hazards can unexpectedly be brought home; wear personal protective equipment (PPE) on the job and do not bring home health hazards that can harm your family!
Health Hazard Carcinogen Mutagenicity Reproductive Toxicity Respiratory Sensitizer Target Organ Toxicity Aspiration Toxicity 34
Skull & Crossbones Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic) 43
Safety Data Sheets (Sections) 1.Identification 2.Hazard(s) identification 3.Composition/information on ingredients 4.First-aid measures 5.Fire-fighting measures 6.Accidental release measures 7.Handling and storage 8.Exposure controls/personal protection 9.Physical and chemical properties 10.Stability and reactivity 11.Toxicological information 12.Ecological information 13.Disposal considerations 14.Transport information 15.Regulatory information 16.Other information 44
Label An appropriate group of written, printed or graphic information elements concerning a hazardous chemical, that is affixed to, printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous chemical, or to the outside packaging. –Pictogram –Hazard Statement –Signal Word –Precautionary Statement 45
Single Word DANGER WARNING CAUTION NOTICE HCS 2012 DANGER WARNING 46
Labels & Other Forms of Warning Product identifier Signal word (Danger or Warning) (f)(1)(iii) Hazard statement(s); (f)(1)(iv) Pictogram(s); (f)(1)(v) Precautionary statement(s); and, (f)(1)(vi) Name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party. 47
Labels & Other Forms of Warning OSHA is maintaining the current approach to allowing alternatives to labels on each stationary process container; and the exception for portable containers under the control of the person who filled them with the chemical. Labels on incoming containers are not to be removed or defaced unless immediately replaced by another label. Workplace labels are to be prominently displayed and in English, other languages are permitted. 49
50 Contractors Guide to HCS Compliance Become familiar with the OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) Prepare and implement a Hazard Communication Program. Assign a competent person to implement all aspects of the Program. Identify all hazardous chemicals in the workplace. Labels and other forms of warning must be in place. Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) available. Employee information and training conducted.