1 Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS Developed by:Construction Safety Council4100 Madison StreetHillside, IL(800)Prepare to LearnConstruction Safety Council (800)
2 Welcome to… Health Hazards in Construction Construction & utility workers are exposed to a variety of health hazards everyday. These men and women have the potential for becoming sick, ill and disabled for life.Learn the health hazards on your job and know how to protect yourself…Sadly, these health hazards (e.g., dangerous dust and other chemicals) can be unexpectedly brought home…Learn how to protect your family!Construction Safety Council (800)
3 Learning ObjectiveTLO: Comply with OSHA’s new Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) and function within the Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals.The Terminal Learning Objective for this course is to gain knowledge on how to successfully implement a Hazard Communication Program which complies with the OSHA HCS 2012 and Globally Harmonized System of Classification & labeling of Chemicals.The purpose of this section is to ensure that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified, and that information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employers and employees. The requirements of this section are intended to be consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), Revision 3. The transmittal of information is to be accomplished by means of comprehensive hazard communication programs, which are to include container labeling and other forms of warning, safety data sheets and employee training.Construction Safety Council (800)
4 Learning ObjectiveEO: Identify the purpose, scope, benefits, elements and effective dates of GHS. EO: Compare and contrast GHS with HCS. EO: Define the 16 physical and 10 health hazard classifications. EO: Describe the requirements of a 16-section SDS. EO: List the new label requirements. EO: Identify controls to eliminate and/or reduce exposure to hazards.The changes that will affect the employer (contractor) would be to train employees on the new hazard classifications (pictograms), make employees aware of new labels on containers and the new Safety Data Sheet (SDS) format. There are no substantive changes to the written hazard communication program requirements, only some terminology has changed (e.g., Material Safety Data Sheets). These changes, however, will require employers to review their current Hazard Communication Program and identify old Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and replace them with the current SDS format sheets.Construction Safety Council (800)
5 Effective DatesDec. 1, 2013 – Train employees on the new label elements and SDS format.Dec. 1, 2015 – Shipment of products with old system ends.June 1, 2016 – Full implementation.
7 Existing Requirements Consumer Product Safety CommissionDepartment of CommerceDepartment of TransportationFood and Drug AdministrationEnvironmental Protection AgencyOccupational Safety & Health AdministrationDepartment of AgricultureNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
8 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 704M) BlueRedWhiteYellow41National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 704)The NFPA 704 Diamond is a means of disseminating hazard information for a material. The diamond is divided into four sections. Each of the first three colored sections (blue, red & yellow) has a number in it associated with a particular hazard. The higher the number is, the more hazardous a material is for that characteristic. The fourth section (white) includes special hazard information.The NFPA 704 standard provides a readily recognized, easily understood system for identifying specific hazards. It addresses the health, flammability, instability, and related hazards that may be presented as short-term, acute exposures that are most likely to occur as a result of fire, spill, or similar emergency.The objectives of NFPA 704 are:To provide an appropriate signal or alert for the protection of both public and private emergency response personnel.To assist in planning for effective fire and emergency control operations, including clean-up.To assist all designated personnel, engineers, job-site, and safety personnel in evaluating hazards.Construction Safety Council (800)
9 Hazardous Materials Identification System Developed by the National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA).A numerical hazard rating that incorporates the use of labels with color-coded bars.A special code identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is also listed.HMIS (Hazardous Materials Identification System), developed by the National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA), is a numerical hazard rating that incorporates the use of labels with color-coded bars. A special code identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is also listed.NOTE: Safety glasses must conform to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI Z 87.1 – Practice for Occupational & Educational Eye and Face Protection.Construction Safety Council (800)
11 Conflicting Definitions § – Definitions to Subpart F Flammable liquids defined as having a flash point below 140°F. § – Definitions (HAZCOM 1994) Liquid, flammable defined as having a flash point below 100°F.
12 HCS 201229 CFR Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria Appendix B: Physical Hazard Criteria Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets Appendix E: Definition of Trade Secret Appendix F: Hazard Classifications Regarding Carcinogenicity
13 HCS 2012 (Purpose & Scope)Ensure that the hazards of all chemicals are classified.Information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employees.Hazard Communication ProgramLabelingSafety Data Sheets (SDS)Training
14 New Definitions (HCS 2012) Classification Hazard category Hazard class Hazard not otherwise classified “Unclassified Hazard”Hazard statementLabel elementsPictogramThe HCS 1994 is a performance-oriented standard that provides guidance for defining hazards and for performing hazard determinations. However, the current standard does not specify an approach or format to follow. The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) has certain aspects that are performance-oriented, but the key provisions are a uniformity-oriented approach for the classification and presentation, through labeling and safety data sheets, of hazard information.The HCS 2012 is written as a modification to the existing standard, and those parts of the standard that do not relate to the GHS, or are already consistent with it remain unchanged. Additionally, some minor changes to terminology have been made in order to align this rule with language used in the GHS. For example, the term "hazard determination" has been changed to "hazard classification" and "material safety data sheet" has been changed to "safety data sheet."Construction Safety Council (800)
15 New Definitions (HCS 2012) Precautionary statement Product identifier Pyrophoric GasArsineAcetyleneSafety data sheetSignal wordSimple asphyxiantSubstance
18 Side By-Side Comparison HCS 1994HCS 2012AssessEvaluateDetermineClassifyHCS 1994HCS 2012Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
19 Revisions to Other OSHA Standards Formaldehyde ( )Asbestos ( , & )Benzene ( )HAZWOPER ( & )PSM ( & )Flammable Liquids – Indoor Storage ( )Construction Safety Council (800)
20 Revision Example§ – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of flammable or 120 gallons of combustible liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…
21 Revision Example§ – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of Category 1, 2 and/or 3 flammable liquids or 120 gallons of Category 4 flammable liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…
22 The Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals GasAquatic HazardExplosiveFlammableCorrosiveGasThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals that are; gases under pressure, compressed gases, liquefied gases, refrigerated liquefied gases, dissolved gases.Aquatic HazardThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals which are acutely hazardous to fish, crustacea, or aquatic plants.ExplosiveThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals which are; unstable explosives, self reactive substances and mixtures, and organic peroxides.FlammableThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals that are flammable. Depending on the properties of the chemical(s); flammable gas, flammable aerosol, flammable liquid and vapor, flammable solid.CorrosiveThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals that have corrosive properties. Depending on the properties of the chemical(s); may be corrosive to metal, causes severe skin burns and eye damage, will cause serious eye damage.OxidizerThis is the symbol that will appear on chemical that will release oxygen or behave like oxygen in a chemical reaction; causing a greater fire and explosion.Irritant & SensitizerThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals with less severe toxicity; harmful if swallowed, harmful in contact with skin, harmful if inhaled, causes skin and eye irritation, may cause allergic skin reaction.Acute ToxicityThis is the symbol that will appear on the most severely toxic chemicals. Depending on the toxicity of the chemical, the skull and crossbones indicate that the chemical may be toxic or fatal; inhaled, swallowed, and/or contact with skin.Chronic Health HazardThis is the symbol that will appear on chemicals that poses chronic health hazards; respiratory sensitization, germ cell mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, specific target organ toxicity, and/or aspiration hazard.OxidizerIrritant & SensitizerAcute ToxicityChronic Health HazardConstruction Safety Council (800)
23 Hazard Class Hazard Category Means the nature of the physical or health hazard, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity.Hazard CategoryThe division of criteria within each hazard class. These categories compare hazard severity within a hazard class and should not be taken as a comparison of hazard categories more generally.
24 Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable
25 Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable
26 Physical Hazards Explosives Flammable Gas Flammable Aerosols Oxidizing GasesGases Under PressureFlammable LiquidFlammable SolidSelf-Reactive SubstancesPyrophoric SolidSelf-Heating SubstancesContact with Water Emits Flammable GasOxidizing LiquidsOxidizing SolidsOrganic PeroxidesCorrosive to Metal
29 Recognition of Hazards What do you see?Visible material in the airSettled dustWarning signs, labels & decalsConcrete cutting with saw creates obvious dust exposure.Visible material in the air – If you see visible clouds of vapor or particles, there may be a serious exposure problem. Remember, however, that most gases and vapors are invisible, and that often the most dangerous particles are too small to see.Settled dust – if there is chemical dust on the ground or other surfaces, it probably got there by settling out of the air. If disturbed, settled dust can become airborne again.Warning signs, labels & decals – as required by OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR ) and other applicable standards.Group Discussion…What health hazards do you see on your job?Construction Safety Council (800)
30 Anticipation of Health Hazards knowing the history of the work involved.Worker experience and education.To anticipate hazards:Survey job-site conditionsBe aware of the actions and behaviors of workers.Health hazards can be anticipated by knowing the history of the work involved as well as through worker experience and education; learn all the hazards associated with your job and be better prepared to make good decisions regarding your health and safety.Generally, hazards associated with a particular job are either inherent (present before the worker shows up); or hazards can be created by the work (e.g., welding & cutting, use of fuel powered equipment, etc.).To anticipate hazards:Survey job-site conditionsBe aware of the actions and behaviors of workers.What hazards can you anticipate in this picture?Old fuel storage tank be excavated – site being prepared for rebuild (fueling station).Construction Safety Council (800)
33 Responsibility to Self & Family A worker’s exposure to hazardous materials on the job can be unknowingly brought back to a person’s home; heavy metals such as lead dust, concrete crusted clothing and variety of oils, greases and solvents can all be unintentionally poisoning your family!As a worker who might be exposed to these hazards, you have a responsibility to wear personal protective equipment (PPE), practice good hygiene and take advantage of training programs like this. Learn of the hazards associated with your job and protect your family.Occupational health hazards can unexpectedly be brought home; wear personal protective equipment (PPE) on the job and do not bring home health hazards that can harm your family!Construction Safety Council (800)
34 Health Hazard Carcinogen Mutagenicity Reproductive Toxicity Respiratory SensitizerTarget Organ ToxicityAspiration Toxicity
35 Flame Flammable Pyrophorics Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas Self-ReactivesOrganic PeroxidesConstruction Safety Council (800)
43 Skull & CrossbonesAcute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)
44 Safety Data Sheets (Sections) IdentificationHazard(s) identificationComposition/information on ingredientsFirst-aid measuresFire-fighting measuresAccidental release measuresHandling and storageExposure controls/personal protectionPhysical and chemical propertiesStability and reactivityToxicological informationEcological informationDisposal considerationsTransport informationRegulatory informationOther informationThe new HCS requires specific information on the new SDS format, in a specific order. Mandatory Appendix D of the HCS provides detail as to the required format and information for SDS.Construction Safety Council (800)
45 LabelAn appropriate group of written, printed or graphic information elements concerning a hazardous chemical, that is affixed to, printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous chemical, or to the outside packaging.PictogramHazard StatementSignal WordPrecautionary Statement
46 Single Word DANGER WARNING CAUTION NOTICE HCS 2012 DANGER WARNING A signal word is a word that typically appears near the top of a warning, sometimes in all capital letters. Common examples include DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION, and NOTICE. The signal word is generally understood to serve a dual purpose: alerting the user to a hazard and indicating a particular level of hazard. The new HCS requires the use of one of two signal words for labels – DANGER or WARNING – depending on the hazard classification of the substance in question. DANGER is used for the more severe hazard categories, while WARNING denotes a less serious hazard.Construction Safety Council (800)
47 Labels & Other Forms of Warning Product identifierSignal word (Danger or Warning)(f)(1)(iii) Hazard statement(s);(f)(1)(iv) Pictogram(s);(f)(1)(v) Precautionary statement(s); and,(f)(1)(vi) Name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party.
49 Labels & Other Forms of Warning OSHA is maintaining the current approach to allowing alternatives to labels on each stationary process container; and the exception for portable containers under the control of the person who filled them with the chemical.Labels on incoming containers are not to be removed or defaced unless immediately replaced by another label.Workplace labels are to be prominently displayed and in English, other languages are permitted.
50 Contractors Guide to HCS Compliance Become familiar with the OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR )Prepare and implement a Hazard Communication Program.Assign a competent person to implement all aspects of the Program.Identify all hazardous chemicals in the workplace.Labels and other forms of warning must be in place.Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) available.Employee information and training conducted.Remember…The best protection is prevention. With hazardous materials, the only way to prevent harm is to know all the hazards and precautions associated; take full advantage of your Right-to-Know!Construction Safety Council (800)