Presentation on theme: "Health Risks- Day 1 Choosing to live Tobacco Free-Day 2 Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment- Day 3 Review- Day 4 Test- Day 5."— Presentation transcript:
Health Risks- Day 1 Choosing to live Tobacco Free-Day 2 Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment- Day 3 Review- Day 4 Test- Day 5
The chemicals in all tobacco products harm the body.
addictive drug nicotine stimulant carcinogen tar carbon monoxide smokeless tobacco
All forms of tobacco contain chemicals that are dangerous to your health. Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and disability in the United States.
Any form of tobacco use, such as smoking, chewing, or dipping tobacco, can cause health problems. Smoking has been linked to lung disease, cancers, and heart disease.
About 90 percent of adult smokers began the habit as teenagers. It’s easier to avoid tobacco use rather than quit later.
Tobacco users have difficulty quitting because tobacco contains an addictive drug. Addictive drug A substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence
All tobacco products contain nicotine. Nicotine The addictive drug found in tobacco leaves
Nicotine is a stimulant that raises blood pressure and increases the heart rate. Stimulant A drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs
Anxiety Irritability Sleep Disturbances
Tobacco is an addictive and toxic drug and a carcinogen. Carcinogen A cancer-causing substance
Cigarette smoke contains tar. Tar A thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
Tar damages a smoker’s respiratory system by paralyzing and destroying cilia destroying the alveoli damaging lung tissue/reduces lung function
Carbon monoxide is also in cigarette smoke. It deprives the body’s tissues and cells of oxygen. Carbon monoxide A colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
No tobacco product is safe to use. The dangers of tobacco use are not limited to smoking cigarettes.
Cigarette filters do not protect smokers from more than 50 carcinogens, including cyanide and arsenic, which are in tobacco products.
The smoke from pipes and cigars also causes serious health consequences. Cigars contain significantly more nicotine and produce more tar and carbon monoxide than cigarettes.
The harmful chemicals of smokeless tobacco are absorbed into the body at levels up to three times the amount of a single cigarette. Smokeless tobacco Tobacco that is sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed
Tobacco use causes both short-term and long-term damage to your body. Health officials have warned the public about the dangers of tobacco use for several decades.
Taste buds are dulled and appetite is reduced. Respiration and heart rate increase. Brain chemistry changes. Short-Term Effects Bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly hair, skin, and clothes.
Lung cancer Emphysema Chronic bronchitis Long-Term Effects Coronary heart disease and stroke A weakened immune system
Smokers cause severe damage to their lungs. Compare the healthy lung on the left with the one damaged by tobacco on the right.
Nervous System Addiction Stroke Respiratory System Coughing Chronic bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer Cardiovascular System Increased heart rate and blood pressure Hardened arteries, decreased blood flow Heart attack, stroke
Excretory System Cancer of the bladder Cancer of the kidneys Digestive System Cancers of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus Gum recession, tooth decay, tooth loss Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea Cancers of the stomach and pancreas
As well as health risks, tobacco use is costly. Making the decision to avoid the use of tobacco products will safeguard your health.
Costs to Society Tobacco-related illnesses cost the United States about $165 billion each year. Costs to Individuals A person smoking one pack of cigarettes a day will spend about $1,500 a year on the habit. Legal Consequences Selling tobacco products to minors is illegal. Using tobacco at school can lead to suspension or expulsion.
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary A substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence; nicotine 1.What is an addictive drug? What is the addictive drug in tobacco?
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 2.List three types of toxic substances found in cigarette smoke. Why are these substances harmful? Nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide; nicotine causes addiction, tar causes such diseases as emphysema and lung cancer, carbon monoxide deprives the body of oxygen.
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 3.Explain four ways using tobacco immediately affects your body. Any four: Brain chemistry changes; respiration and heart rates increase; taste buds are dulled; appetite is reduced; users have bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly clothes
Choosing to Live Tobacco Free
Avoiding tobacco use will bring lifelong health benefits.
nicotine withdrawal nicotine substitute
Fewer teens are starting to use tobacco. Knowing the health risks of tobacco use helps teens make the healthful decision to stay tobacco-free.
False Belief The Truth Smoking helps control weight Smoking reduces the capacity for physical activity, so it may lead to weight gain. Smoking helps cope with stress Nicotine addiction and tobacco-related health problems increase stress.
Others believe that smoking will make them seem mature and independent. Media images may convince teens that tobacco use is glamorous.
The CDC reports that 77 percent of high school students nationwide do not smoke. Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005
Reasons Teens Are Smoking Less Tobacco Legislation No-Smoking Policies Family Values Positive Peer Pressure Health Risks
Teens who choose a tobacco-free lifestyle will feel mentally and physically better than teens who use tobacco.
A tobacco-free lifestyle has many benefits. The best way to avoid the negative consequences of tobacco use is never to start using tobacco products.
Physical Benefits You will have better health and fewer health risks. Mental/Emotional Benefits You will have less stress and a sense of freedom. Social Benefits You will look and feel better.
Use these strategies to stick to your decision to live tobacco-free. Surround yourself with positive influences. Reduce peer pressure. Be prepared with refusal skills.
Choose friends who support a tobacco- free lifestyle.
There are good reasons for quitting tobacco use. Health care professionals can help tobacco users find the resources they need to successfully quit using tobacco.
Teens who use tobacco give these reasons for quitting: They begin to have health problems, such as asthma, coughing, or respiratory infections. They realize the high cost of tobacco or find it difficult to purchase tobacco products if they are under 18. They realize that using tobacco can lead to other risky behaviors, such as the use of alcohol and other drugs. They understand the damaging effects of secondhand smoke and do not want to harm others. They feel more powerful because they are not controlled by an addiction to nicotine.
Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal include irritability, difficulty concentrating, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and cravings for tobacco. Nicotine withdrawal The process that occurs in the body when nicotine, an addictive drug, is no longer used
Smoking while using nicotine substitutes is dangerous due to increased nicotine exposure. Nicotine substitutes Products that deliver small amounts of nicotine into the user’s system while he or she is trying to give up the tobacco habit
Prepare for the quit day. Get support and encouragement. Access professional health services. Replace tobacco use with healthy behaviors.
Health care professionals can help tobacco users find the resources they need to successfully quit using tobacco.
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Sample answer: Anti-tobacco messages, expense, no smoking policies, positive peer pressure 1.What are four reasons that smoking among teens is on a downward trend?
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 2.List three reasons that you might use to convince a friend to quit using tobacco products. Sample answer: Cost, health problems, hard to buy
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 3.Why might some people use nicotine substitutes when quitting smoking? A nicotine substitute delivers small amounts of nicotine into the user’s system while the user is trying to quit a tobacco habit.
Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment
Secondhand smoke is harmful, but there are ways to reduce exposure.
Tobacco smoke can harm nonsmokers. Nonsmokers who breathe air containing tobacco smoke are also at risk for health problems.
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is also called secondhand smoke. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) Air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke
Environmental tobacco smoke is composed of mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke.
Because mainstream smoke has been exhaled by a smoker, it contains lower concentrations of carcinogens, nicotine, and tar. Mainstream smoke The smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker
Sidestream smoke is more dangerous than mainstream smoke. Sidestream smoke The smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar
ETS from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds. More than 50 of those chemicals are cancer- causing carcinogens.
ETS causes eye irritation, headaches, ear infections, and coughing. It worsens asthma and other respiratory problems, and it increases the risk of lung cancer and coronary heart disease.
Smoking during pregnancy reduces blood oxygen levels, increasing the risk of impaired fetal growth spontaneous miscarriage and prenatal death premature delivery low birth weight deformities stillbirths
Infants exposed to ETS after birth are twice as likely to die of SIDS. They may have severe asthma attacks, ear infections, or respiratory tract infections.
The children of smokers are more than twice as likely to smoke themselves. They also have a higher incidence of sore throats ear infections upper respiratory problems
Parents protect the health and development of their children by staying tobacco-free.
You can take action to reduce the effects of ETS. Express your preference wherever you can for a smoke-free environment.
Encourage smokers to quit. Establish smoke-free areas in the house. Make a rule that smokers go outside. Use air cleaners to remove some contaminants from the air. Open windows to allow fresh air in. Don’t allow visitors to smoke inside your home.
When visiting a home in which someone smokes: stay outside or in a different room as much as possible. ask to open the windows to provide fresh air. suggest meeting elsewhere, such as in your home or at a library.
In most states, it is illegal to sell tobacco to teens under the age of 18, and it is illegal to smoke in public places. In the United States, efforts to create a smoke-free society continue to grow.
Smoking is prohibited in many restaurants, and some restaurants are required to have a nonsmoking section.
One of the goals of Healthy People 2010 is to reduce tobacco use and the number of tobacco- related deaths. States and local communities are also supporting the efforts to create a smoke-free society.
Laws restrict where people may smoke, as well as who can buy tobacco products.
Laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors have been enacted. Some states have successfully sued tobacco companies to recover the costs of treating tobacco-related illnesses. Community activities that promote a healthy lifestyle provide everyone with the opportunity to practice healthful behaviors.
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Air that has been contaminated with tobacco smoke; mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke contain more than 4,000 chemicals. 1.What is environmental tobacco smoke, and what chemical does it contain?
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 2.List three ways that ETS affects children. Sample answer: It increases a child’s risk of ear infections, respiratory problems, and sore throats.
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 3.What are two public policies aimed at reducing ETS? Sample answer: Prohibiting smoking in public places and banning smoking on flights