5Health Risks of Tobacco Use All forms of tobacco contain chemicals that are dangerous to your health.Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and disability in the United States.
6Health Risks of Tobacco Use Any form of tobacco use, such as smoking, chewing, or dipping tobacco, can cause health problems.Smoking has been linked to lung disease, cancers, and heart disease.
7Health Risks of Tobacco Use About 90 percent of adult smokers began the habit as teenagers.It’s easier to avoid tobacco use rather than quit later.
8NicotineTobacco users have difficulty quitting because tobacco contains an addictive drug.Addictive drugA substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence
9Nicotine All tobacco products contain nicotine. Nicotine The addictive drug found in tobacco leaves
10NicotineNicotine is a stimulant that raises blood pressure and increases the heart rate.StimulantA drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs
11Symptoms of Nicotine Withdrawl AnxietyIrritabilitySleep Disturbances
12Poisonous Substances in Tobacco Smoke Tobacco is an addictive and toxic drug and a carcinogen.CarcinogenA cancer-causing substance
13Tar Cigarette smoke contains tar. Tar A thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
14damaging lung tissue/reduces lung function Tarparalyzing and destroying ciliaTar damages a smoker’s respiratory system bydestroying the alveolidamaging lung tissue/reduces lung function
15Carbon MonoxideCarbon monoxide is also in cigarette smoke. It deprives the body’s tissues and cells of oxygen.Carbon monoxideA colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
16Pipes, Cigars, and Smokeless Tobacco No tobacco product is safe to use.The dangers of tobacco use are not limited to smoking cigarettes.
17Pipes, Cigars, and Smokeless Tobacco Cigarette filters do not protect smokers from more than 50 carcinogens, including cyanide and arsenic, which are in tobacco products.
18Pipes, Cigars, and Smokeless Tobacco The smoke from pipes and cigars also causes serious health consequences.Cigars contain significantly more nicotine and produce more tar and carbon monoxide than cigarettes.
19Pipes, Cigars, and Smokeless Tobacco The harmful chemicals of smokeless tobacco are absorbed into the body at levels up to three times the amount of a single cigarette.Smokeless tobaccoTobacco that is sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed
20Harmful Effects of Tobacco Use Tobacco use causes both short-term and long-term damage to your body.Health officials have warned the public about the dangers of tobacco use for several decades.
21Long-Term Effects Short-Term Effects Brain chemistry changes. Respiration and heart rate increase.Taste buds are dulled and appetite is reduced.Bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly hair, skin, and clothes.
22Short-Term Effects Long-Term Effects Chronic bronchitis Emphysema Lung cancerCoronary heart disease and strokeA weakened immune system
23Long-Term Effects Smokers cause severe damage to their lungs. Compare the healthy lung on the left with the one damaged by tobacco on the right.
24Cardiovascular System Long-Term EffectsCardiovascular SystemIncreased heart rate and blood pressureHardened arteries, decreased blood flowHeart attack, strokeNervous SystemAddictionStrokeRespiratory SystemCoughingChronic bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer
25Long-Term Effects Excretory System Digestive System Cancer of the bladderCancer of the kidneysDigestive SystemCancers of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and esophagusGum recession, tooth decay, tooth lossNausea, vomiting, diarrheaCancers of the stomach and pancreas
27Other Consequences of Tobacco Use As well as health risks, tobacco use is costly.Making the decision to avoid the use of tobacco products will safeguard your health.
28Other Consequences of Tobacco Use Tobacco-related illnesses cost the United States about $165 billion each year.Costs to SocietyCosts to IndividualsA person smoking one pack of cigarettes a day will spend about $1,500 a year on the habit.Legal ConsequencesSelling tobacco products to minors is illegal. Using tobacco at school can lead to suspension or expulsion.
29After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What is an addictive drug? What is the addictive drug in tobacco?A substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence; nicotine
30After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary List three types of toxic substances found in cigarette smoke. Why are these substances harmful?Nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide; nicotine causes addiction, tar causes such diseases as emphysema and lung cancer, carbon monoxide deprives the body of oxygen.
31After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Explain four ways using tobacco immediately affects your body.Any four: Brain chemistry changes; respiration and heart rates increase; taste buds are dulled; appetite is reduced; users have bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly clothes
32Choosing to Live Tobacco Free Day 2Choosing to Live Tobacco Free
33Avoiding tobacco use will bring lifelong health benefits.
35Teens and Tobacco Fewer teens are starting to use tobacco. Knowing the health risks of tobacco use helps teens make the healthful decision to stay tobacco-free.
36Why Some Teens Use Tobacco False BeliefThe TruthSmoking helps control weightSmoking reduces the capacity for physical activity, so it may lead to weight gain.Smoking helps cope with stressNicotine addiction and tobacco-related health problems increase stress.
37Why Some Teens Use Tobacco Others believe that smoking will make them seem mature and independent.Media images may convince teens that tobacco use is glamorous.
38Reduced Tobacco Use Among Teens The CDC reports that 77 percent of high school students nationwide do not smoke.Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005
39Reduced Tobacco Use Among Teens Reasons Teens Are Smoking LessTobacco LegislationNo-Smoking PoliciesFamily ValuesPositive Peer PressureHealth Risks
40Reduced Tobacco Use Among Teens Teens who choose a tobacco-free lifestyle will feel mentally and physically better than teens who use tobacco.
41Benefits of Living Tobacco-Free A tobacco-free lifestyle has many benefits.The best way to avoid the negative consequences of tobacco use is never to start using tobacco products.
42Benefits of Living Tobacco-Free You will have better health and fewer health risks.Physical BenefitsMental/Emotional BenefitsYou will have less stress and a sense of freedom.Social BenefitsYou will look and feel better.
43Strategies for Avoiding Tobacco Surround yourself with positive influences.Use these strategies to stick to your decision to live tobacco-free.Reduce peer pressure.Be prepared with refusal skills.
44Strategies for Avoiding Tobacco Choose friends who support a tobacco-free lifestyle.
45Quitting Tobacco Use There are good reasons for quitting tobacco use. Health care professionals can help tobacco users find the resources they need to successfully quit using tobacco.
46Teens who use tobacco give these reasons for quitting: Quitting Tobacco UseTeens who use tobacco give these reasons for quitting:They begin to have health problems, such as asthma, coughing, or respiratory infections.They realize the high cost of tobacco or find it difficult to purchase tobacco products if they are under 18.They realize that using tobacco can lead to other risky behaviors, such as the use of alcohol and other drugs.They understand the damaging effects of secondhand smoke and do not want to harm others.They feel more powerful because they are not controlled by an addiction to nicotine.
47Ending the Addiction Cycle Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal include irritability, difficulty concentrating, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and cravings for tobacco.Nicotine withdrawalThe process that occurs in the body when nicotine, an addictive drug, is no longer used
48Ending the Addiction Cycle Smoking while using nicotine substitutes is dangerous due to increased nicotine exposure.Nicotine substitutesProducts that deliver small amounts of nicotine into the user’s system while he or she is trying to give up the tobacco habit
49Getting Help to Quit Tobacco Use Replace tobacco use with healthy behaviors.Access professional health services.Get support and encouragement.Prepare for the quit day.
50Getting Help to Quit Tobacco Use Health care professionals can help tobacco users find the resources they need to successfully quit using tobacco.
51After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What are four reasons that smoking among teens is on a downward trend?Sample answer: Anti-tobacco messages, expense, no smoking policies, positive peer pressure
52After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary List three reasons that you might use to convince a friend to quit using tobacco products.Sample answer: Cost, health problems, hard to buy
53After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Why might some people use nicotine substitutes when quitting smoking?A nicotine substitute delivers small amounts of nicotine into the user’s system while the user is trying to quit a tobacco habit.
54Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment Day 3Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment
55Secondhand smoke is harmful, but there are ways to reduce exposure.
56environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) mainstream smokesidestream smokeHealthy People
57Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke Tobacco smoke can harm nonsmokers.Nonsmokers who breathe air containing tobacco smoke are also at risk for health problems.
58Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is also called secondhand smoke.Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)Air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke
59Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke Environmental tobacco smoke is composed ofmainstream smoke andsidestream smoke.
60Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke Because mainstream smoke has been exhaled by a smoker, it contains lower concentrations of carcinogens, nicotine, and tar.Mainstream smokeThe smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker
61Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke Sidestream smoke is more dangerous than mainstream smoke.Sidestream smokeThe smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar
62Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke ETS from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds.More than 50 of those chemicals are cancer-causing carcinogens.
63Health Risks to Nonsmokers ETS causes eye irritation, headaches, ear infections, and coughing.It worsens asthma and other respiratory problems, and it increases the risk of lung cancer and coronary heart disease.
64Health Risks to Unborn Children and Infants impaired fetal growthspontaneous miscarriage and prenatal deathSmoking during pregnancy reduces blood oxygen levels, increasing the risk ofpremature deliverylow birth weightdeformitiesstillbirths
65Health Risks to Unborn Children and Infants Infants exposed to ETS after birth are twice as likely to die of SIDS.They may have severe asthma attacks, ear infections, or respiratory tract infections.
66Health Risks to Young Children The children of smokers are more than twice as likely to smoke themselves.They also have a higher incidence ofsore throatsear infectionsupper respiratory problems
67Health Risks to Young Children Parents protect the health and development of their children by staying tobacco-free.
68Reducing Your Risks You can take action to reduce the effects of ETS. Express your preference wherever you can for a smoke-free environment.
69Reducing Your Risks Encourage smokers to quit. Establish smoke-free areas in the house.Make a rule that smokers go outside.Use air cleaners to remove some contaminants from the air.Open windows to allow fresh air in.Don’t allow visitors to smoke inside your home.
70Reducing Your Risks When visiting a home in which someone smokes: stay outside or in a different room as much as possible.When visiting a home in which someone smokes:ask to open the windows to provide fresh air.suggest meeting elsewhere, such as in your home or at a library.
71Creating a Smoke-Free Society In most states, it is illegal to sell tobacco to teens under the age of 18, and it is illegal to smoke in public places.In the United States, efforts to create a smoke-free society continue to grow.
72Creating a Smoke-Free Society Smoking is prohibited in many restaurants, and some restaurants are required to have a nonsmoking section.
73Supporting National Health Goals One of the goals of Healthy People 2010 is to reduce tobacco use and the number of tobacco-related deaths.States and local communities are also supporting the efforts to create a smoke-free society.
74Supporting National Health Goals Laws restrict where people may smoke, as well as who can buy tobacco products.
75Supporting National Health Goals Laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors have been enacted.Some states have successfully sued tobacco companies to recover the costs of treating tobacco-related illnesses.Community activities that promote a healthy lifestyle provide everyone with the opportunity to practice healthful behaviors.
76After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What is environmental tobacco smoke, and what chemical does it contain?Air that has been contaminated with tobacco smoke; mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke contain more than 4,000 chemicals.
77After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary List three ways that ETS affects children.Sample answer: It increases a child’s risk of ear infections, respiratory problems, and sore throats.
78After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What are two public policies aimed at reducing ETS?Sample answer: Prohibiting smoking in public places and banning smoking on flights