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May 2005 Petition for Rulemaking for Regulation of CBM Development Bob Bukantis Water Quality Standards DEQ Planning Division.

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Presentation on theme: "May 2005 Petition for Rulemaking for Regulation of CBM Development Bob Bukantis Water Quality Standards DEQ Planning Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 May 2005 Petition for Rulemaking for Regulation of CBM Development Bob Bukantis Water Quality Standards DEQ Planning Division

2 Overview Petition process EC & SAR basics Water quality standards basics – EC & SAR Montana’s CBM standards development MPDES basics Petitioner’s request to the Board Questions, discussion & comment

3 Petition Process (2-4-315 MCA) “An interested person…. may petition …… requesting the promulgation…..of a rule.” “....decision to deny a petition or to initiate rulemaking proceedings must be in writing and based on record evidence.” “Record evidence must include any evidence submitted by the petitioner….and by the agency and interested persons …..” If BER accepts, normal rulemaking process begins

4 Rulemaking WPCAC review & opportunity for comment BER decision to accept or deny (based on “record evidence”) Proposed rule published Public hearing & opportunity for public comment BER considers comment & may amend rule Adoption notice published

5 What is EC? Measure of salinity -- results given in µS/cm 2 – Ability of solution to conduct electricity EC of the Tongue River is about 800 µS/cm 2 EC of the Powder River is about 1,900 µS/cm 2 EC of CBM water is about 2,000 µS/cm 2

6 Why is EC important? As EC increases a threshold is reached where further increases in EC cause decreases in plant growth

7 What is SAR? Measure of abundance of Sodium relative to abundance of Calcium & Magnesium

8 Why is SAR important? High SAR water can cause serious damage to soil structure – Adversely affects water movement into soil

9 Tongue River: Tongue River: – SAR ~ 1 Powder River: Powder River: – SAR ~ 5 CBM water: CBM water: – variable – SAR ~ 55

10 Water Quality Standards Have 3 components: – Beneficial Uses – Standards (criteria) narrative or numeric – Nondegradation Policy

11 Nondegradation Applicable to any new or increased discharge which may cause degradation Significance determination – Carcinogens – Toxics – Harmful – Narrative If significant change to water quality, then need authorization to degrade

12 Significance Thresholds Increasing Change Existing water quality: Carcinogen: any change 15% of Standard (toxics) 50% of Standard (harmful) Standard Narrative standard: measurable 0 x effect on use or measurable change in aquatic life or ecological integrity)

13 Water Quality Standard Example Beneficial Use: Agriculture Numeric standard for SAR in Tongue River during irrigation season is monthly average of 3 and no sample may exceed 4.5 Nondegradation Policy: “Changes in…..water quality….with respect to EC and SAR….are considered nonsignificant….provided the change will not have a measurable effect….on any….use or cause measurable changes in aquatic life or ecological integrity.” (ARM 17.30.670(6))

14 Events 2000 – Redstone MPDES Permit – DEQ initiates public scoping meetings (WQS) Much public interest 2001 – DEQ proposes EC & SAR Standards

15 2002 May: draft EC & SAR WQS – Numeric standards to protect agriculture as most sensitive use – EC & SAR would continue to be treated as narrative for purposes of nondegradation significance determination July: initiate rulemaking – 2 alternatives proposed – 3 rd alternative proposed by petition – Board directs parties to enter into collaborative meetings Sept: Board tour & public meetings

16 March 2003: CBM-related WQS adopted Numeric EC & SAR (ARM 17.30.670) – Tongue, Powder & Rosebud drainages Tributaries & Tongue Reservoir Powder River higher values due to naturally higher EC & SAR Expressed as monthly averages and sample maxima – Irrigation & non-irrigation season Narrative nondeg approach (ARM 17.30.670(6)) Flow-based permitting (ARM 17.30.670(7)) Non-severability of nondeg & flow-based permitting provisions (ARM 17.30.670(8))

17 MPDES Permits Required for discharge of pollutants to state waters – CBM discharge water considered a pollutant Set effluent limits for all relevant pollutants – discharger determines how to meet limits

18 Effluent Limits Technology based – Set discharge limits based on cost-effective treatment technology – Receiving water quality not considered – Use EPA effluent limitations guidelines Lack of ELG’s develop on case by case basis (BPJ) Water Quality based – Protect beneficial uses – Needed when technology-based limits inadequate

19 May 2005 Petition Proposes: Changes to MT Water Quality Standards: – treatment of EC & SAR as harmful rather than narrative for nondegradation – Require use of annual 7Q10 for permit calculations – remove non-severability clause New rules for minimum treatment requirements for CBM industry

20 Zero discharge / technology based CBM discharge regulation 1. Reinjection (shallow aquifers) where feasible 2. When not feasible to reinject, new rule provides for waiver – Provides set timeframe –Public comment –Decision points – Requires treatment-based MPDES permit – Allows for stock water use exception

21 We would like to hear the Council’s comments DEQ planning, permitting & legal staff are present to answer questions

22 Extra Slides Follow

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