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Indoor Air Pollution. Indoor vs. Outdoor Air Pollution Indoor air pollution is usually much worse than outdoor air pollution –Combustion sources: oil,

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Presentation on theme: "Indoor Air Pollution. Indoor vs. Outdoor Air Pollution Indoor air pollution is usually much worse than outdoor air pollution –Combustion sources: oil,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Indoor Air Pollution

2 Indoor vs. Outdoor Air Pollution Indoor air pollution is usually much worse than outdoor air pollution –Combustion sources: oil, gas, wood, tobacco –Building materials and furnishings –Household products: cleaning and personal care –Household appliances: unvented mechanics, HVAC –Outdoor sources that get indoors: radon, etc. Worst in developing countries –Appliances and products without ventilation

3 Combustion Sources Sources: unvented space heaters, leaking chimney or fireplace, back-drafting, gas stoves, attached garage Human Health: –Low levels cause flu symptoms, lung irritation etc. –High levels of CO can kill

4 Building Materials and Furnishings Asbestos –Old or deteriorated insulation or roofing –Carcinogen: lung cancer Formaldehyde –Common in particle-board, carpet glues, and textiles –Eye, nose and throat irritation, allergies, asthma, possible carcinogen Wet or damp areas –Mold and dust, cause irritation and allergy problems

5 Household Products Cleaning products, personal care, pesticides, and hobby materials (glues, paints, markers) Toxic materials require proper ventilation!!! Industrial Solvents are V.O.C.’s –Benzene (adhesives, dry cleaning, paints, detergent) –Many as solvents: cleaning, hygiene, cosmetics, etc. Nausea, fatigue, toxicity, cancer risks

6 Household Appliances and Systems Unvented Appliances –Gas stoves, furnaces, space heaters (CO, NO x, SO 2 ) HVAC Systems –Breed mold and bacteria, and spread it –Legionnaire’s Disease (pneumonia though air vents)

7 Outdoor Sources Radon –Leaks from soil into basement and house Chimney Effect –Pollutants move inward through doors and windows and vent upwards through tall, heated buildings

8 Sick Building Syndrome –Headaches and allergic-like reactions with unspecified stimuli –Energy efficiency increases indoor pollutants by sealing them inside –Often related to microbial problems: mold, dust, dust mites, bacteria, and other pathogens

9 Common Indoor Air Pollutants Cigarette smoke* Formaldehyde* Radon –222* Ultra-fine particulates* Asbestos Pesticides Molds Dust mites and pollens Legionella pneumophila (and other bacteria)

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