Presentation on theme: "Misc Health Charts Extracted from Nov 22, 2000 presentation to EPA Prepared by Arlene Brown on 24 March 2002 for DOT Stable"— Presentation transcript:
Misc Health Charts Extracted from Nov 22, 2000 presentation to EPA Prepared by Arlene Brown on 24 March 2002 for DOT Stable Also see Reports page of andwww.thirdrunway.homestead.com Caution : Beware small population statistics that can mask problems
Other supporting data for health concerns Studies near other airports Health concerns extend beyond SeaTac area Existing data indicates pollutants exceed safe levels
Other Studies Support need for Monitoring Air by Airport * Boston Logan Airport (Winthrop) - Asthma and allergies statistically significant differences 0.4, 0.8 and 1.5 miles from runway [Ref. 236] Chicago O’Hare (Park Ridge) - Identifies chemicals at the fence line & health risk contours [Ref. 238] Santa Monica Municipal Airport - Increased cancer risk calculations for known airport pollutants based on 200,000 baseline operations plus small increases in the number of operations [Ref. 247] Twin Cities Metropolitan Area Hazard Index Maps [Ref 249] Sidney Cancer map [Ref. 248] * Data in reference notebook and also available at and web sites
“There is an epidemic of asthma in the U.S.” E. Romana Trovato, director of the Office of Children’s Health Protection at the Environmental Protection Agency * Nearly 1 in 13 school-age children has asthma in the U.S. Asthma rate doubled over the past 20 years Asthma mortality more than doubled in past decade Other health concerns 2% serious developmental disability 4% born with significant birth defects * Hileman, Bette, “Protecting a Child’s Health, Hearing Examines steps government should take to study risks from toxic chemicals”, Chemical & Engineering News, 12 June 2000, page 31 Health Concerns at National Level
Asthma Not Just a SeaTac Issue King County so high it noticeably increases the whole Washington average SeaTac childhood asthma statistically significantly higher than King County Georgetown/Boeing Field statistically significantly higher than King County Childhood Asthma Hospitalizations by Age Group King County, Three Year Rolling Averages, (Ref. Public Health Watch February 1998)
Children’s Asthma Varies Widely in King County Georgetown age 1 to 4 for 1989 to 1993 * Avg 831 per 100,000 Approximately DOUBLE King County * SeaTac age 1-17 asthma significantly increasing compared to King County for *** * Seattle-King County Dept. Of Health 06/97 file n:\requests\ld_0513\Hospi3 ** Public Health Data Watch February 1998 *** Seattle-King County Dept. Of Health 10/00 King County Rolling 3 Year Rolling Average for Asthma Hospital Hospitalizations ** Georgetown data so high, it’s off the chart !
Boeing Field Airport Health Issues Note : Some neighborhoods impacted by both Boeing Field & Sea-Tac Airport A comparison of hospitalization rates between that area (Boeing Field) and greater Seattle-King County produced these alarming statistics: 57% higher asthma rate 28 % higher/ pneumonia/ influenza rate 26 % higher respiratory disease rate 83% higher pregnancy complication rate 50 % higher infant mortality rate 48% higher mortality rate for all death causes life expectancy rate of 70.4 years versus the City of Seattle’s 76.0 years
Available Data Indicates Airport Pollution Significant No permanent on site air monitoring at the airport Varied topography makes it difficult to model without monitoring data to calibrate models Few short term pollution studies inadequate Adams (June 1973) exceeded safe levels for the few toxics tested 750% formaldehyde High hydrocarbons 1995 McCulley, Frick & Gilman - four day study Several VOCs higher than WDOE ASILS Acetaldehyde & formaldhyde exceeded WDOE annual ASILS Acrolein exceeded 24-hour ASIL Carbon Monoxide Saturation Study - acceptable WA State DOE Oxides of Nitrogen & Particulates * * Urry, Doug (U of WA), Larson, Timothy (U of WA), Williamson, John, Frost, Jim and Knowlton, Doug, Sea-Tac Airport Spatial NO2 Study, WA State Dept of Ecology (draft) and Frost, Jim and Knowlton, Doug, Oxides of Nitrogen and Particulate Monitoring Study for the SeaTac Area 1998/1999, WA State Dept of Ecology, draft 13 December 1999.
King County Toxics Higher than Many other U.S. Counties Chart combines data from WA state maps of each individual chemical in EPA NATA database that used 1996 data. Ranking is compared to all other US counties.
King County Ranked against all other US Counties * Top 5% Benzene Lead PCB’s Trichloroethylene Top 5-10% Acetaldehyde Acrolein 1-3 Butadiene Carbon tetrachloride 1- 3 Dichloropropene Ethylene oxide Formaldehyde Methylene chloride Nickel Perchloroethylene 7-PAHs * EPA National Air Toxics Assessment data extracted from on Sept 29, 2000)
King County ranked against all other US Counties Top 5% Benzene Lead PCB’s Trichloroethylene Top 5-10% Acetaldehyde Acrolein 1-3 Butadiene Carbon tetrachloride 1- 3 Dichloropropene Ethylene oxide Formaldehyde Methylene chloride Nickel Perchloroethylene 7-PAHs
Some Airport Related Chemicals * * Airports: Deadly Neighbors by Charles R. Miller at originally titled "Your Unfriendly Skies." An edited version of this paper was published in the Earth Island Journal in Summer See also Lake Ridge Report for chemicals measured at Chicago O'Hare's fence line at links on “Here is just a partial, astonishing list of constituent compounds: Freon 11; Freon 12; Methyl Bromide; Dichloromethane; cis-l,2-Dichloroethylene; 1,1,1-Trichloroethane; Carbon Tetrachloride; Benzene; Trichloroethylene; Toluene; Tetrachloroethene; Ethylbenzene; m,p-Xylene; o-Xylene; Styrene; 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene; 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene; o-Dichlorobenzene; Formaldehyde; Acetaldehyde; Acrolein; Acetone; Propinaldehyde; Crotonaldehyde; Isobutylaldehyde; Methyl Ethyl Ketone; Benzaldehyde; Veraldehyde; Hexanaldehyde; Ethyl Alcohol; Acetone; Isopropyl Alcohol;Methyl Ethyl Ketone; Butane; Isopentane; Pentane; Hexane; Butyl Alcohol; Methyl Isobutyl Ketone; n,n-Dimethyl Acetamide; Dimethyl Disulfide; m-Cresol; 4-Ethyl Toulene; n- Heptaldehyde; Octanal; 1,4- Dioxane; Methyl Phenyl Ketone; Vinyl Acetate; Heptane; Phenol; Octane; Anthracene; Dimethylnapthalene (isomers); Flouranthene; 1- methylnaphthalene; 2-methylnaphthalene; Naphthalene; Phenanthrene; Pyrene; Benzo(a)pyrene; 1-nitropyrene; 1,8-dinitropyrene; 1,3-Butadiene; sulfites; nitrites; nitrogen oxide; nitrogen monoxide; nitrogen dioxide; nitrogen trioxide; nitric acid; sulfur oxides; sulfur dioxide; sulfuric acid; urea; ammonia; carbon monoxide;ozone; particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5); and finally this compound; 3-nitrobenzanthrone.”
EPA Identified Hazards * Acrolein - Respiratory system, Possible human carcinogen Benzene - Known human carcinogen, Even worse when in the presence of other chemicals 1,3-Butadiene - Cardiovascular disease, Probable human carcinogen Carbon tetrachloride – Liver, probable human carcinogen Formaldehyde - Respiratory, lung and nasopharyngeal cancer, Probable human carcinogen Methylene Chloride - Targets liver, spleen and brain in mice, Possible human carcinogen *
Additional Information Web Links Feb. 1999, Dec. 1999, March 2000 SeaTac Study progress reports at (staff publications link) Topographical maps at Scorecard - Pollution by zip code at US Emissions of 33 toxic chemicals (maps of individual states too) at EPA Envirofacts at (includes access to Integrated Risk Assessment Information System (health hazards) etc.www.epa.gov/enviro/index_java.html State specific Lung Disease Data Feb 2000 (includes asthma) at Sites with misc. reports: Reference Notebook and CD (not identical) List of references in book & on CD contains links - file name ReferencesNov2000.doc
King County Ranking Ranked Seattle 27 of 239 metropolitan areas for premature cardiopulmonary death due to PM10. * SeaTac mortality rate 21% higher than King County for (statistically significant) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ** * Deborah Sheiman Shprentz, Clean Air & Energy: Air Pollution: In Depth: Report, Breath- taking Premature Mortality Due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities. May Mortality information available online at (501 deaths per year, 31 per 100,000 year)www.nrdc.org ** SeaTac Study Feb Progress Report Appendix A, Table 2
Addressing Community Health Concerns around SeaTac Airport Progress Report on the Work Plan Proposed in August 1998 WA State Department of Health Seattle-King County Department of Health 26 February 1998 Tabulated data reformatted into Bar graphs showing upper and lower confidence intervals. The average is the middle of the dark rectangle. The first bar is always data from the study and the second one the King County data. The King County data includes the unusually high Georgetown data! Hospitalization data is based on Zip codes 98146, 98148, 98158, 98166, and Mortality (deaths) is based on SeaTac Airport Community census tracts , , ,284.1, 284.2, , , and
SeaTac Health Study * 1st Progress report dated February 1999 High asthma, pneumonia and influenza - 2nd Appendix A, Table 5 High chronic obstructive pulmonary disease deaths - 2nd Appendix A, Table 2 High cancer deaths - Appendix A, Table 2 Progress Reports at - see link for Publications Also available through and
Suicide: the Best Indicator of Depression Average is higher but just misses being statistically significant
Why is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Mortaility so high? SeaTac King County
Why do more people around SeaTac die of cancer? SeaTac King County
Why is the asthma so high?
Pneumonia/Influenza also Statistically Significantly Higher !
Why are more SeaTac Children Dying ?
October 2000 Seattle - King County Dept of Health Supplementary Asthma Data for
Asthma Trends Increasing near Airport but not King County †SeaTac Airport Community includes zip codes: 98146,98148,98158,98166,98168,98188 and *For all ages, rate is age-adjusted to 1940 U.S. Population Ref. Dept of Public Health October 2000 SeaTac Airport Community And King County Trends in Pneumonia/Influenza and Asthma Hospitalization Rates, by Age,
Hospitalizations for Pneumonia/Influenza and Asthma Among All Ages, 0-17, 18-64, & 65+ year olds in SeaTac Airport Community † and King County, †SeaTac Airport Community includes zip codes: 98146,98148,98158,98166,98168,98188 and *For all ages, rate is age-adjusted to 1940 U.S. Population Ref. Dept of Public Health October 2000 **Lower=lower than King County rate; higher=higher than King County rate; NS=not statistically significant
Hospitalizations for Pneumonia/Influenza and Asthma Among All Ages, 0-17, 18-64, & 65+ year olds in SeaTac Airport Community † and King County, †SeaTac Airport Community includes zip codes: 98146, 98148, 98158, 98166, 98168, and *For all ages, rate is age-adjusted to 1940 U.S. Population **Lower=lower than King County rate; higher=higher than King County rate; NS=not statistically significant Ref. Dept of Public Health 3 May Includes one zip code not in SeaTac Study report