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C A N C E R …Personal care products © Cancer Prevention Coalition 5/03 1
Why are Personal Care Products Potentially Harmful? Many formulations contain harmful ingredients that have extremely small molecules. These molecules penetrate the skin and the blood system and quickly build up in the organs and tissues. © Cancer Prevention Coalition 2
Concerns were expressed by Senator Kennedy at hearings on the 1997 FDA cosmetics reform bill. "Our message is that cosmetics can be dangerous to your health. -- The American people have a right to full and fair information about the actual and potential dangers of the products they use every day." © Cancer Prevention Coalition 3 Senator Kennedy CONCERNED
Why are toxins & carcinogens not disclosed on personal care product labels? “Ingredients of cosmetics and personal care products (CPCP) are generally identified on their labels by a long list of chemicals. However, this is meaningless to the overwhelming majority of consumers, let alone to expert toxicologists and cancer prevention professionals. This critically necessitates a “Red Flag” warning of the wide range of multiple carcinogenic ingredients, contaminants and precursors in most mainstream industry products.” © Cancer Prevention Coalition4 Toxic Ingredients * Dr. Samuel Epstein, Page 17 Unreasonable Risk
© Cancer Prevention Coalition Cosmetic Ingredient Review Compendium 2000 Pg 46 Unreasonable Risk * Based on review of 917 ingredients 5
Body Lotion Body Wash Conditioner Deodorant Hair Spray Gel/Mousse/Pomade Hand Soap Mouthwash Shampoo Toothpaste Personal Care Products …Used daily by Men © Cancer Prevention Coalition * Page 26 Unreasonable Risk (about 10 daily) 6
Hand Soap Shampoo Toothpaste Infants & Children …Personal care products Used daily © Cancer Prevention Coalition Pg 26 Unreasonable Risk7 (about 3 daily)
(about 13 daily) Body Lotion Body Wash Shampoo & Conditioner Deodorant Face & Hand Lotion Face Soap Hair Gel/Mousse/Pomade Hair Spray Hand Soap Mouthwash Toothpaste Personal Care Products …Used daily by women © Cancer Prevention Coalition 8
(about 6 daily) Blush Eye Shadow Face Powder Foundation Lipstick Mascara Pg 26 Unreasonable Risk Cosmetic Products …Used daily by women 9
Source of Eviden © Cancer Prevention CoalitionPg 28 Unreasonable Risk 10 78 IARC seen monographs since 1972 500 National institutes of Health Technical Report Series on individual carcinogens ce
Cancer Risks of Smoking Tobacco Products Compared to Mainstream Industry Cosmetics and Personal Care Products Cancer RiskSmoking Tobacco Products Use of Cosmetics and Personal Care Products INDUSTRY KNOWLEDGE REGULATORY KNOWLEDGE CONSUMER KNOWLEDGE REGULATION WARNING LABELS EXPOSURE ONSET EXPOSURE ROUTE EXPOSURE POPULATIONS EXPOSED RESPONSIBLE CARCINOGENS WELL DOCUMENTED LIMITED EXPLICIT IN MOST NATIONS VOLUNTARY USUALLY IN ADOLESENCE INHALATION Largely lower socio-economic (except in some Asiatic nations) MULTIPLE WELL DOCUMENTED VIRTUALLY NONE NONE INVOLUNTARY INFANCY SKIN & INHALATION VIRTUALLY UNIVERSAL MULTIPLE © Cancer Prevention Coalition* Page 129 Unreasonable Risk 11
In September 10, 1997 hearings on the FDA reform bill (HR 1411), Senator Edward M. Kennedy stated: "The cosmetic industry has borrowed a page from the playbook of the tobacco industry by putting profits ahead of public health." 2 © Cancer Prevention Coalition 12
With rare exceptions, such as children’s bubble baths, the FDA has never required industry to label PCC products with any warning of well-documented toxic or cancer risks, nor has it banned the sale of unsafe products to an unsuspecting public.” © Cancer Prevention Coalition 13
© Cancer Prevention Coalition 14 The Dirty Dozen Food Household Products Beef Frankfurters – (e.g. Oscar Meyer Foods Corporation Whole Milk – (e.g. Borden or Lucerne) Ajax Cleanser – Colgate – Polmolive, Inc. Zud Heavy Duty Cleanser – Reckitt & Colman, Inc. Lysol Disinfectant Spray – Reckitt & Coleman, Inc. Zodiac Cat & Dog Flea Collar – Sandoz Agro, Inc. Ortho Weed-B-Gon Lawn Weed Killer – Monsanto Co. * Page 18 & 19 Unreasonable Risk
© Cancer Prevention Coalition 15 The Dirty Dozen Cont. * Page 18 & 19 Unreasonable Risk Cosmetics & Toiletries Talcum Powder – Johnson & Johnson, Inc. Cover Girl Replenishing Natural Finish Make-up (Foundation) – Proctor & Gamble, Inc. Crest Tarter Control Toothpaste – Proctor & Gamble, Inc. Alberto VO5 Conditioner (Essence of Neutral Henna) – Alberto-Culver USA, Inc. Clairol Nice n’ Easy (Permanent Haircolor) – Clairol, Inc. * Presented by the Cancer Prevention Coalition at a September 21, 1995 Washington, D.C. press conference, co- sponsored by Ralph Nader, launching publication of The Safe Shopper’s Bible (Appendix 2C)
Talc: Women, in the IR reproductive years, regularly dusting their genital area with Talc after bathing or showering are at approximately 3-fold increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. © Cancer Prevention CoalitionPg 19 & 20 Unreasonable Risk16 Permanent hair color: Women using permanent or semi- permanent black or dark brown hair dyes are at increased risk for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, multiple myeloma, chronic leukemia, and also breast cancer. In fact, there is growing evidence that use of these hair dyes accounts for about 20% of all non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas in U.S. women.
© Cancer Prevention Coalition * Page 29 – 30 Unreasonable Risk Frank – those ingredients that are carcinogenic themselves. Hidden – not carcinogenic themselves, but under certain conditions may have carcinogenic properties 17
Beef Frankfurters: Children eating up to about a dozen each month are at approximately 4-fold increased risk of brain cancer & 7-fold increased risk of Leukemia. (This is due to the formation of a nitrosamine carcinogen, by the interaction of nitrite, used in colorant, and natural amines in meat). © Cancer Prevention Coalition Pg 17 Unreasonable Risk18
OSHA analyzed 2,983 chemicals used in personal care products and found 884 of them to be toxic. 778 can cause acute toxicity 218 can cause reproductive complications 314 can cause biological mutations 146 can cause tumors 376 can cause skin and eye irritations © Cancer Prevention Coalition 19
“Concerns on the cancer risks from PCC products are emphasized by: lifelong use of multiple products by the majority of the U.S. population; the ready skin absorption of carcinogenic ingredients, further increased by detergents, especially when left on the skin for prolonged periods: and by decades-long suppression of information by the FDA and industry, abetted by a roll-over media, in flagrant denial of consumers’ right to know. Mainstream industry products thus pose major risks of avoidable cancer.” * Samuel S. Epstein, M.D., undisclosed Carcinogens in Cosmetics and Personal Care Products pose avoidable risks of Cancer warns Samuel Epstein, MD, 1/15/01 PRNewswire © Cancer Prevention Coalition * Unreasonable Risk 20
Medical Oral Contraceptives Estrogen replacement therapy (high doses & prolonged use) Premenopausal mammography Non-hormonal prescription drugs (anti- hypertensives & tranquilizers) Silicone gel breast implants (polyyurethane foam) Industrial © Cancer Prevention Coalition 21 Lifestyle
© Cancer Prevention Coalition “So for all these reasons, it must be emphasized that cosmetics & personal care products are one of the most important, if not the single most important, causes of avoidable and involuntary lifelong exposure to multiple carcinogens.” * Page 129 Unreasonable Risk 22
© Cancer Prevention Coalition 23 Take action now by eliminating them from your use and replace them with safe products. Personal care products produced for beauty without concern for the long term effect on the user need to be eliminated!
Reverse The Epidemic © Cancer Prevention Coalition 3/03 Join the CPC Educate yourself Be aware of local issues/work place Reward/Patronize responsible parties 24 Visit www.scorecard.org
© Cancer Prevention Coalition 3/03 25 Cancer Prevention Coalition Cancer Prevention Coalition c/o University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health 2121 West Taylor Street, MC 922 Chicago, IL 60612 Phone: (312) 996-2297 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org@uic.edu www.preventcancer.com
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