Presentation on theme: "Laboratory Safety Training"— Presentation transcript:
1Laboratory Safety Training A. R. Smith Department of ChemistryWhat You Need To Know
2Making The Pieces Fit CAS IARC HMIS OSHA EPA NTP NIOSH NFPA PEL CFR PPECFRMSDSERPRTK – Right To KnowANSI – American National Standards InstituteCHP – Chemical Hygiene PlanCFR – Code of Federal RegulationsERP – Emergency Response PlanMSDS – Material Safety Data SheetPPE – Personal Protective EquipmentPEL – Permissible Exposure LimitOSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Department of Labor)NFPA – National Fire Protection AssociationEPA – Environmental Protection AgencyNIOSH - National Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthHMIS – Hazardous Materials Identification SystemIARC – International Agency for Research on CancerCAS – Chemical Abstracts ServiceNTP – National Toxicology ProgramRoC - Report on CarcinogensRTKCHPRoCANSI
3Regulatory Agencies & Standards Applies to: Laboratories meeting any of the following four criteria: 1. Chemical manipulations are carried out on a laboratory scale. 2. Multiple chemical procedures or chemicals are used. 3. Protective laboratory practices and equipment are available and in common use. 4. The procedures involved are not part of a production process whose function is to produce commercial quantities of materials.OSHNC -U of Louisville
4Key Compliance IssuesOSHA Laboratory StandardLab Safety Plan, training of staff, MSDSs, emergency plan, secure compressed gas cylinders, out-dated peroxide-formersEPA/State Hazardous Waste regulationsLids, labels, mixing incompatiblesFire/Life Safety Codes10 gal flammables limit, clear lab egress, hallway storage University policies Training, prevention of injuries, personnel policies, grant proposal reviewI cannot find the specific regulation on out-dated peroxide-formers, labeling based on industry standards.UNC EHS Manual
5Training Topics Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Emergency Response PlanMSDSsLabels & InventoryLocation of First Aid & Accident ReportsFire Extinguisher Training & Flammable HazardsHazardous Waste ProceduresChemistry StockroomSafety Contact InformationTraining TopicsLocation of the Laboratory Safety StandardChemical Hygiene PlanEngineering ControlsHealth & Safety HazardsPre-Purchase Review of ProductsDetection of Release or Presence of Hazardous Chemicals(f) Employee information and training (f)(1) The employer shall provide employees with information and training to ensure that they are apprised of the hazards of chemicals present in their work area.(f)(2) Such information shall be provided at the time of an employee's initial assignment to a work area where hazardous chemicals are present and prior to assignments involving new exposure situations. The frequency of refresher information and training shall be determined by the employer.(f)(3) Information. Employees shall be informed of:(f)(3)(i) The contents of this standard and its appendices which shall be made available to employees;(f)(3)(ii) the location and availability of the employer's Chemical Hygiene Plan;(f)(4)(ii) The employee shall be trained on the applicable details of the employer's written Chemical Hygiene Plan.
6The Laboratory Safety Standard 1The Laboratory Safety StandardOSHA Standard29 CFR
7(The Laboratory Safety Standard) 1OSHA Standard 29 CFROccupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories(The Laboratory Safety Standard)(f)(3)(i) “The contents of this standard and its appendices which shall be made available to employees;”Remember, where OSHA says “shall” we don’t have a choice.
8The Chemical Hygiene Plan 2The Chemical Hygiene Plan
9The Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) 2The Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)(e)Should be capable of protecting employees from health hazards associated with hazardous chemicals in the laboratoryShould be readily available to employees(e) Chemical hygiene plan -- General(e)(1) Where hazardous chemicals as defined by this standard are used in the workplace, the employer shall develop and carry out the provisions of a written Chemical Hygiene Plan which is:(e)(1)(i) Capable of protecting employees from health hazards associated with hazardous chemicals in that laboratory and(e)(1)(ii) Capable of keeping exposures below the limits specified in paragraph (c) of this section.(e)(2) The Chemical Hygiene Plan shall be readily available to employees, employee representatives and, upon request, to the Assistant Secretary.(e)(3) The Chemical Hygiene Plan shall include each of the following elements and shall indicate specific measures that the employer will take to ensure laboratory employee protection;So, we have a CHP for the University, and for the department. The codes can not be any less stringent than the lab standard – they can be more.We have made our CHP pretty simpleFollow departmental safety rulesUse items in ACS books as a guideUse this training
102Standard Operating ProceduresSOPs (e)(3)(i)“Standard operating procedures relevant to safety and health considerations to be followed when laboratory work involves the use of hazardous chemicals”(e)(3)(i)Standard operating procedures relevant to safety and health considerations to be followed when laboratory work involves the use of hazardous chemicals;(e)(3)(ii) Criteria that the employer will use to determine and implement control measures to reduce employee exposure to hazardous chemicals including engineering controls, the use of personal protective equipment and hygiene practices; particular attention shall be given to the selection of control measures for chemicals that are known to be extremely hazardous;If you are using a procedure or chemical that is not specifically addressed in the CHP or the ACS books, then you must develop a SOP for your lab with regards to this. The SOP should be added to the CHP section of your manual.
11Standard Operating Procedures 2Standard Operating ProceduresSOPs (e)(3)(i)GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING SOP'sThree methods that can be used to write SOP's:By Process: (distillation, synthesis, chromatography, etc.)By Individual Hazardous Chemical: (arsenic, benzene, hydrochloric acid, etc.)By Hazardous Chemical Class: (flammable, corrosive, oxidizer, etc.)If you have to prepare an SOP…Michelle has made a fill in PDF SOP, and example is in the manualYou can get guidance on filling it in at the MSU siteMichigan State University SOP
133Fume Hoods(e)(3)(iii)“A requirement that fume hoods and other protective equipment are functioning properly and specific measures that shall be taken to ensure proper and adequate performance of such equipment;”
143Fume Hoods(e)(3)(iii)Each employee should be completely familiar with the proper use and operation of the fume hood in their labInformation on this subject may be located in the ACS Publication provided in the departmental CHP.Additional information may be found online at the links provided in section 3 of the “Detailed Information”Do not use hoods for storageChemicals should be at least 6 inches from the frontSash should be adjusted to maintain proper flow rateA test strip should be secured to the vent to give visual indication of a problemClean up spills promptly
15Fume Hoods Fume Hoods should be tested for flow rate at least annually 3Fume Hoods(e)(3)(iii)Fume Hoods should be tested for flow rate at least annuallyArrangements should be made as soon as possible to have the hoods in your lab testedThe test results should be posted in a conspicuous place on the hoodI would suggest checking the flow rate with/without doors propped open, to insure that flow rate is not interrupted.
163Showers & Eyewashes29 CFRAppendix A, D.“Maintenance. Eye wash fountains should be inspected at intervals of not less than 3 months (6). Respirators for routine use should be inspected periodically by the laboratory supervisor (169). Other safety equipment should be inspected regularly. (e.g., every 3-6 months) (6, 24, 171).”However, shower testing is specifically mentioned in the University CHP, therefore we are obligated to test them.The second quote is from an answer to someone in an OSHA “Compliance Letter”“The routine inspections of showers mentioned in Appendix A of Section is not a mandatory requirement for which OSHA would normally issue a citation.”
17Showers & Eyewashes However… 3 ANSI Z358.1However…Because shower testing is specifically mentioned in the University CHP, we are obligated to test themTesting is also mandated by ANSI “Devices must also be inspected annually to assure compliance with ANSI Z358.1 maintenance and testing requirements.”ASU Safety Office
19Health & Safety Hazards 4Health & Safety Hazards(e)(3)(viii)“Provisions for additional employee protection for work with particularly hazardous substances. These include "select carcinogens," reproductive toxins and substances which have a high degree of acute toxicity. Specific consideration shall be given to the following provisions which shall be included where appropriate:”
20Health & Safety Hazards 4(e)(3)(viii)(A)Establishment of a designated area;(e)(3)(viii)(B)Use of containment devices such as fume hoods or glove boxes;(e)(3)(viii)(C)Procedures for safe removal of contaminated waste; and(e)(3)(viii)(D)Decontamination procedures.For the really nasty stuff.These would be select carcinogens and acutely toxic substances.
21Health & Safety Hazards 4Health & Safety HazardsCarcinogensOSHA depends on the big sources of info on Cancer research.IARCNTP
22Carcinogens 4 H & S Hazards (e)(3)(viii)H & S HazardsIARC - International Agency for Research on CancerMonographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to HumansNTP - National Toxicology Program10th Report on Carcinogens (RoC)ACGIH - American Conference of Governmental Industrial HygienistsOSHA – Regulated Carcinogens
23Carcinogens IARC 4 H & S Hazards (e)(3)(viii)H & S HazardsIARCGroup 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans.Group 2A: The agent (mixture) is probably carcinogenic to humans.Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is possibly carcinogenic to humans.Group 3: The agent (mixture, or exposure circumstance) is not classifiable as to carcinogenicity in humans.Group 4: The agent (mixture, exposure circumstance) is probably not carcinogenic to humans.International Agency for Research on CancerGroup 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans. The exposure circumstance entails exposures that are carcinogenic to humans.Group 2A: The agent (mixture) is probably carcinogenic to humans. The exposure circumstance entails exposures that are probably carcinogenic to humans.Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is possibly carcinogenic to humans. The exposure circumstance entails exposures that are possibly carcinogenic to humans.Group 3: The agent (mixture, or exposure circumstance) is not classifiable as to carcinogenicity in humans.Group 4: The agent (mixture, exposure circumstance) is probably not carcinogenic to humans.
244Carcinogens(e)(3)(viii)H & S HazardsNTP 10th RoCGroup 1 "Known Carcinogen" (Sufficient information from human studies to indicate causal relationship)Group 2 "Reasonably Anticipated" (Limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans; or sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals)National Toxicology ProgramDesignations are Group 1Group 2"Known Carcinogen" (Sufficient information from human studies to indicate causal relationship)"Reasonably Anticipated" (Limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans; or sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals)
25Carcinogens ACGIH A1 confirmed human carcinogen 4CarcinogensH & S Hazards(e)(3)(viii)ACGIHA1 confirmed human carcinogenA2 suspected human carcinogenA3 animal carcinogenA4 not classifiable as a human carcinogenA5 not suspected as a human carcinogenAmerican Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
26Select Carcinogens 4 H & S Hazards (e)(3)(viii)H & S HazardsSelect carcinogen means any substance which meets one of the following criteria:It is regulated by OSHA as a carcinogenIt is listed under the category, "known to be carcinogens," in the latest NTP RoCIt is listed under Group 1 ("carcinogenic to humans") by IARCIt is listed in either Group 2A or 2B by IARC or under the category, "reasonably anticipated to be carcinogens" by NTP1. "Carcinogen:" A chemical is considered to be a carcinogen if:(a) It has been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), and found to be a carcinogen or potential carcinogen; or(b) It is listed as a carcinogen or potential carcinogen in the Annual Report on Carcinogens published by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) (latest edition); or,(c) It is regulated by OSHA as a carcinogen.(e)(3)(viii)(A) Establishment of a designated area; (e)(3)(viii)(B) Use of containment devices such as fume hoods or glove boxes; (e)(3)(viii)(C) Procedures for safe removal of contaminated waste; and (e)(3)(viii)(D) Decontamination procedures.
27H & S Hazards Initial Monitoring 4H & S Hazards Initial Monitoring(d)(1)“Initial monitoring. The employer shall measure the employee's exposure to any substance regulated by a standard which requires monitoring if there is reason to believe that exposure levels for that substance routinely exceed the action level (or in the absence of an action level, the PEL).”NOTE: NC PELs supersede the Federal onesPermissible exposure limits. For laboratory uses of OSHA regulated substances, the employer shall assure that laboratory employees' exposures to such substances do not exceed the permissible exposure limits specified in 29 CFR part 1910, subpart Z.
28H & S Hazards Initial Monitoring 4H & S Hazards Initial MonitoringThe university has a list of 11 chemicals that require initial monitoring before use.These are only a few of the chemicals that OSHA requires initial monitoring on.Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory carcinogen list(d)(1) Initial monitoring. The employer shall measure the employee's exposure to any substance regulated by a standard which requires monitoring if there is reason to believe that exposure levels for that substance routinely exceed the action level (or in the absence of an action level, the PEL).You should be familiar with the lists.The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory carcinogen list is very comprehensive. It compares the ratings and PELs from all agencies on a large number of chemicals.
29Other Materials are Considered by OSHA to be Physical Hazards 4(e)(3)(viii)H & S Hazards OtherOther Materials are Considered by OSHA to be Physical Hazards“Physical hazard means a chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidence that it is a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer pyrophoric, unstable (reactive) or water-reactive.”Gas cylindersPyrophoric" means a chemical that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 deg. F (54.4 deg. C) or below.Cryogenic substances?You have a chart in Section 4 that lists both physical and health hazards
30Time-Sensitive Chemicals 4Health & Safety HazardsTime-Sensitive ChemicalsThere is no specific regulation to these other than the “hazardous chemical” designation.
31H & S Hazards Time-Sensitive Chemicals 4H & S Hazards Time-Sensitive ChemicalsPeroxide formersPeroxide formers that can undergo hazardous polymerizationMaterials that become shock or friction sensitive upon the evaporation of a stabilizerMaterials that generate significant additional hazards by undergoing slow chemical reactionsYou have some of the information from this site in the packetDOE
33Pre-Purchase Review of Products 5Pre-Purchase Review of Products
345Before Ordering…Determine the least amount of material that will suffice, and order that amount - even if the initial cost is higherDetermine if a less hazardous material would could be substitutedDetermine if a colleague already has the material in house, and will share
35Detection of Release or Presence of Hazardous Chemicals 6Detection of Release or Presence of Hazardous Chemicals
366(f)(4)(i)(A)“Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical (such as monitoring conducted by the employer, continuous monitoring devices, visual appearance or odor of hazardous chemicals when being released, etc.);”
376Spills (f)(4)(i)(A)Considered “Major” or “Minor” by universityA “Major” spill, would be considered one that you could not contain by yourselfKeep a spill kit in the laboratory. The organic labs have chemical specific kitsThere is more information at:The detailed information document has suggested items for the kit.Chemical Spills
397PPE(f)(4)(i)(C)“The measures employees can take to protect themselves from these hazards, including specific procedures the employer has implemented to protect employees from exposure to hazardous chemicals, such as appropriate work practices, emergency procedures, and personal protective equipment to be used.”
40PPE Goggle regulations for laboratories are included in the packet 7PPE(f)(4)(i)(C)Goggle regulations for laboratories are included in the packetLinks to proper glove type based on chemical class are included in the packetThe official position on respirators is: avoid using them by using engineering controls (hoods). If you require a dust mask or respirator, you MUST undergo training with the Industrial Hygienist.
41Emergency Response Plan 8Emergency Response Plan
42Emergency Response Plan 829 CFRAppendix A, D 9a.a) A written emergency plan should be established and communicated to all personnel; it should include procedures for ventilation failure (200), evacuation, medical care, reporting, and drills (172).
43Emergency Response Plan 8Emergency Response PlanThe University ERP“The priorities for emergency response are life safety, property protection and preservation of academic programs.”The university ERP deals with major disaster responses and the protocols for suchYou should read and familiarize yourself with the details of this plan
44Emergency Response Plan 8The Departmental ERP“Faculty or staff of the A.R. Smith Department of Chemistry who observe any emergency or disaster in the classrooms, instructional laboratories, research laboratories, or chemical storeroom facilities operated by the department will immediately report this incident to University Police by dialing Ext and giving details of the nature, location, and extent of the incident.”The departmental chair is the primary contact for us.
45Material Safety Data Sheets 9MSDSsMaterial Safety Data Sheets
46MSDSs9OSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)“Employers shall maintain any material safety data sheets that are received with incoming shipments of hazardous chemicals, and ensure that they are readily accessible to laboratory employees.”
47But, do I need an MSDS for every chemical? 9MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)But, do I need an MSDS for every chemical?
48Appalachian Safety Office - MSDS 9MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Is the chemical a general household or office product? Yes____ No____Is the chemical being used for its intended purpose? Yes____ No____Is the chemical used in small quantities? Yes____ No____Is the chemical’s use incidental to your work(used infrequently and for short periods of time)?Yes____ No____Yes.All persons in charge of teaching laboratory courses should have the MSDS available for each chemical used in the experiments performed.Appalachian Safety Office - MSDS
49Okay, but do I have to have a hard copy of each MSDS on hand? 9MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Okay, but do I have to have a hard copy of each MSDS on hand?
50MSDSs9OSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Refer to the standard – “…ensure that they are readily accessible to laboratory employees.”If you are going to maintain MSDSs electronically, you must guarantee that anyone working in your lab…
51Have access to a computer The computer system is always available 9MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Have access to a computerThe computer system is always availableBecause it is not possible to guarantee the system, ASU recommends maintaining a hard copy of of all MSDSs.
52What about new chemicals that are developed in my lab? 9MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(2)What about new chemicals that are developed in my lab?
53MSDSs 9 OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910-1450 (h)(2) (h)(2)(i) If the composition of the chemical substance which is produced exclusively for the laboratory's use is known, the employer shall determine if it is a hazardous chemical as defined in paragraph (b) of this section. If the chemical is determined to be hazardous, the employer shall provide appropriate training as required under paragraph (f) of this section.(h)(2)(ii) If the chemical produced is a byproduct whose composition is not known, the employer shall assume that the substance is hazardous and shall implement paragraph (e) of this section.Paragraph (b) – Definitions of chemical classes and hazardsParagraph (f) – Employee information and trainingParagraph (e) – CHP29 CFR “The-Right-To-Know Law”(h)(2)(ii) If the chemical substance is produced for another user outside of the laboratory, the employer shall comply with the Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR ) including the requirements for preparation of material safety data sheets and labeling.
54What information must be on the MSDS? 9MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)What information must be on the MSDS?
55MSDSs 9 Chemical Identity OSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Chemical IdentitySection I: Manufacturer’s Name, Contact Information, Date PreparedSection II: Hazardous Ingredients/Identity InformationSection III: Physical/Chemical CharacteristicsSection IV: Fire and Explosion Hazard DataSection V: Reactivity DataSection VI: Health Hazard DataSection VII: Precautions for Safe Handling and UseSection VIII: Control Measures
56MSDSs 9 OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910-1450 (h)(1)(ii) Section 1 No Date? Useful for ordering or researchChemical IdentityThe identity of the substance as it appears on the label.Section I. Manufacturer's Name and Contact InformationManufacturer's name, address, telephone number and emergency telephone number. Date the MSDS was prepared and an optional signature of the preparer.Section II. Hazardous Ingredients/Identity InformationLists the hazardous components by chemical identity and other common names. Includes OSHA PEL (Permissible Exposure Limit), ACGIH TLV® (Threshold Level Value) and other recommended exposure limits. Percentage listings of the hazardous components is optional.VI. Health Hazard DataRoutes of entry (inhalation, skin, ingestion), health hazards (acute = immediate and chronic = build up over time), carcinogenicity (NTP, IARC monographs, OSHA regulated), signs and symptoms of exposure, medical conditions generally aggravated by exposure, emergency and first aid procedures.Section 6?
57OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910-1450 (h)(1)(ii) MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Section 6?This will tell you what class flammableSection IV. Fire and Explosion Hazard DataFlash point (and method used to determine it), flammability limits, extinguishing media, special firefighting procedures, unusual fire and explosion hazards.VII. Precautions for Safe Handling and UseSteps to be taken in case material is released or spilled, waste disposal method, precautions to be taken in handling or storage, other precautions.VI. Health Hazard DataRoutes of entry (inhalation, skin, ingestion), health hazards (acute = immediate and chronic = build up over time), carcinogenicity (NTP, IARC monographs, OSHA regulated), signs and symptoms of exposure, medical conditions generally aggravated by exposure, emergency and first aid procedures.Section 4?Section 7?
58OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910-1450 (h)(1)(ii) MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Section 7Section 8VII. Precautions for Safe Handling and UseSteps to be taken in case material is released or spilled, waste disposal method, precautions to be taken in handling or storage, other precautions.Section III. Physical/Chemical CharacteristicsBoiling point, vapor pressure, vapor density, specific gravity, melting point, evaporation rate, solubility in water, physical appearance and odor.VIII. Control MeasuresRespiratory protection (specify type [see respirators), ventilation (local, mechanical exhaust, special or other), protective gloves, eye protection, other protective clothing or equipment, work/hygienic practices.Section 3?This information might be useful in an accidental release
59OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910-1450 (h)(1)(ii) MSDSsOSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(ii)Section 5?This would help with labeling and storage.You will know if it is a time-sensitive material.LD50sWaste & spillsSection V. Reactivity DataStability, conditions to avoid, incompatibility (materials to avoid), hazardous decomposition or byproducts, hazardous polymerization (and conditions to avoid).Oh, here’s the date!MSDS Demystifier
61Time-Sensitive Chemicals Labels10Time-Sensitive ChemicalsThere is no specific regulation on these, but… the industry standard is -The full chemical nameDate receivedDate openedDate of decisionPeroxide levelEvery source that I found on this suggested this type of label
62Label Systems ANSI - American National Standards Institute 10ANSI - American National Standards InstituteNFPA - National Fire Protection AssociationHMIS - Hazardous Materials Identification SystemHMIG - Hazardous Materials Identification GuideDOT - Department of Transportation
63Labels & Signs 10 ANSI Standard Z535.4-1998 DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. This signal word is to be limited to the most extreme situations.WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury. It may also be used to alert against unsafe practices.
65The Hazardous Materials Identification System, HMIS® 10developed by the National Paint & Coatings Association (NPCA)At first glance, the HMIS® and NFPA labeling systems appear quite similar. Both have four sections colored blue, red, yellow and white. HMIS® uses colored bars, while NFPA uses colored diamonds. HMIS® attempts to convey full health warning information to all employees while NFPA is meant primarily for fire fighters and other emergency responders. Key point: HMIS® is not intended for emergency circumstances.OLDNEWHMIS® IIIHMIS System
66Hazardous Material Identification Guide - HMIG 10Hazardous Material Identification Guide - HMIGSystem developed by Lab Safety Supply, Inc.HMIG is based on type of PPE that should be used when working with the chemicalHMIG SystemA significant difference between the HMIG and HMIS systems is that the recently (1995) revised HMIS system now includes a second box on the blue (health hazard) bar. If this second box holds an asterisk (*), then the health hazard associated with the material is a chronic (long-term) effect.
6710DOT Label Codes“The Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1975 (HMTA), is the major transportation-related statute affecting transportation of hazardous cargoes.”DOT Codes
68OSHA Labeling Standard Labels10OSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(i)“Employers shall ensure that labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals are not removed or defaced.”OSHA Labeling Standard
69Labels Secondary Containers That being said… The full chemical name 10OSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(i)Secondary ContainersAll that is required under the Laboratory Safety StandardThe full chemical nameThe date of preparationConcentrationThat being said…
70OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910-1450 (h)(1)(i) Labels10OSHA Standard 29 CFR (h)(1)(i)RTK LabelsANSI Z129.1: American National Standard for Hazardous Industrial Chemicals - Precautionary Labeling and ANSI Z535.4OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), at 29 CFR (f)(5) states "... the employer shall ensure that each container of hazardous chemicals in the work place is labeled, tagged or marked with... (i) Identity of the hazardous chemicals...and (ii) Appropriate hazard warnings, or alternatively, words, pictures, symbols or combination thereof,...to...provide the employees with the specific information regarding the physical and health hazards of the hazardous chemicals."All of the sites that I have seen adhere to the HazCom labeling of secondary containers.This is very important really for the the stockroom.
7110InventoryMake sure that there is a current inventory available for your research labThe standard format is a Microsoft Excel SpreadsheetInformation should include full chemical name, formula, physical form, CAS # and NFPA information ( amount present in area would also be useful information)Not mandated by OSHA, but evidently it is regulated by NFPA as we were sited for this.
72Inventory Segregate incompatible chemicals 10Segregate incompatible chemicalsGeneral storage should never be alphabeticalNever store chemical on the floor
73Location of First Aid Supplies and Accident Reports 11Location of First Aid Supplies and Accident Reports
7411First Aid SuppliesThere is an assortment of first aid supplies in the Stockroom. They are in a drawer in Section 200.Some of the teaching labs also have first aid kitsMore information on kit contents can be found at the ASU Safety Office
7511EMPLOYEES RESPONSIBILITY IN THE EVENT OF A JOB-RELATED INJURY OR ILLNESSReport all injuries or illness to your supervisor immediatelySeek appropriate medical attention from the following authorized primary care physicians:ASU Student Health ServicesWatauga Medical Center Emergency RoomContact Watauga Medics at for emergency transportation to Watauga Medical Center Emergency Room. For non-emergency transportation to ASU Student Health Services or Watauga Medical Center Emergency Room, contact University Police at ext or 2150.NOTE: In case of a life-threatening emergency, go to the nearest medical facility.Send the MSDS with the patient.ASU Safety Office
76Accident Reports “Accident records should be written and retained” 11Accident ReportsApp A7 (a)“Accident records shouldbe written and retained”There is a short form for non-work related injuries in the manualAll injuries should be reported and a report filled outNational Research CouncilRecommendations Concerning Chemical Hygiene in Laboratories (Non-Mandatory)Even if there is no first aid you should fill out one of these.
79OSHA 12 200 Flash Point °F 140 100 73 100 Examples Standard 29 CFR200Flash Point °FClass IIIAClass IICOMBUSTIBLE(Flash Point > 100 °F)Class ICFLAMMABLEClass IAClass IB(Flash Point < 100 °F)14010073Flashpoint" means the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid100Boiling Point °FExamples
80NFPA DIAMOND 12 NFPA 30 (2000) Flammability Hazard 4 Danger Flammable gas or extremely flammable liquid (Class IA liquids)3 Warning Flammable liquid flash point below 100° F (Class IA; IB; or IC)2 Caution Combustible liquid flash point of 100° to 200° F (Class II; or IIIA)1 Combustible if heated0 Not combustible
81Flammable Liquid Storage 12Flammable Liquid StorageRefer to OSHA Standard (d)(2)(iii)(a)(2) – Table H-12.(d)(3) -- Design, construction, and capacity of storage cabinets (i) -- Maximum capacity. Not more than 60 gallons of Class I or Class II liquids, nor more than 120 gallons of Class III liquids may be stored in a storage cabinet.
8212Fire EmergenciesWe are now allowed to use fire extinguishers without formal training. There is a handout in your manualThe official evacuation distance from the building during a fire drill or actual emergency is 50 feet.
84Labeling of Waste “Hazardous Waste” Contents as chemical names 13Labeling of WasteEPA 40 CFR“Hazardous Waste”Contents as chemical namesStart date of accumulationPI name and room numberThe approximant amount (%) of each chemical is also helpfulSegregate incompatible chemicalsThe NC EPA manual is on the M drive.
85Chemistry Stockroom Procedures & Use 14Chemistry Stockroom Procedures & Use
8614Stockroom UseGeneral storage chemicals must be checked out from the stockroom. There is a sign out book by the back door. Indicate what room the chemical is moving to, and how long it will be there. If indefinite, notify the stockroom manager.If you use up all of a general storage chemical, notify the stockroom manager.Do not remove equipment from the stockroom without notifying the stockroom manager.Chemicals prepared in the stockroom should be labeled according to 29 CFR (HAZCOM)
8715Safety Contact InformationContained in packet. Please familiarize yourself with it.Post in a conspicuous place.
90Complete individual inventories Decide as a department on a uniform labeling systemTest time-sensitive chemicalsRemove all time-sensitive chemicals that are out of dateTest eyewashes and showersGather MSDSs for all chemicals used in teaching labs
912. Chemical Procurement, Distribution, and Storage 29 CFR Appendix A, D 2a.2. Chemical Procurement, Distribution, and Storage(a) Procurement. Before a substance is received, information on proper handling, storage, and disposal should be known to those who will be involved (215, 216). No container should be accepted without an adequate identifying label (216). Preferably, all substances should be received in a central location (216).
9229 CFR Appendix A, D 3b.(b) Inspections. Formal housekeeping and chemical hygiene inspections should be held at least quarterly (6, 21) for units which have frequent personnel changes and semiannually for others; informal inspections should be continual (21).
9329 CFR Appendix A, D 8a.8.Prominent signs and labels of the following types should be posted:(a) Emergency telephone numbers of emergency personnel/facilities, supervisors, and laboratory workers (28);
9429 CFR Appendix A, D 11c.(c) Discarding Chemical Stocks: Unlabeled containers of chemicals and solutions should undergo prompt disposal; if partially used, they should not be opened (24, 27).Before a worker's employment in the laboratory ends, chemicals for which that person was responsible should be discarded or returned to storage (226).