2 Why do I have to do this? Satisfy OSHA requirement for annual training Reminder on how to protect yourself from hazards
3 Overview Employee Right to Know (ERK) Act Passed by Minnesota Legislature in 1983Requires employers to make employees aware of hazardous substances and/or agents that may be encountered at work
4 ERK Overview Responsibility Hazard determination by employers Written program (available from Human Resources)Globally harmonized system (GHS)Labels and other warningsMethods of protectionEmergency procedures
5 Changes - GHSGlobally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labeling of ChemicalsDefining health, physical, and environmental hazardsCreating classification processes using available data on chemicalsCommunicating hazard information and protective measures on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
7 Health EffectsAcuteGenerally manifests quickly (either immediately or within days after an exposure).An example would be an acid spill on skin. The acute effect is immediate irritation or corrosion of the skin.
8 Health Effects Chronic Usually takes longer to develop through repeated exposures.Usually targets certain organs (e.g., asbestos targets the lungs).An individual may not be able to sense the exposure.
9 Categories of Chemical Hazards Toxic – kills living cellsIrritant – causes inflammation of tissuesCorrosive – irreversibly destroys or alters tissuesOxidizer – enhances combustion of other materialsSensitizer – causes exaggerated allergic-type responseFlammable – capable of being easily ignited and burning quickly
10 Categories of HazardsReactive – causes rapid chemical reactions such as temperature increases, pressure buildup, or noxious/toxic/corrosive byproductsCarcinogen – causes cancer or has the potential to cause cancerMutagen – causes mutation of DNA or chromosomesTeratogen – causes physical defects of developing embryo or fetusReproductive Agents – causes sexual dysfunction, sterility, infertility
12 GHS Changes Health Hazards Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye IrritationRespiratory or Skin SensitizationGerm Cell MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive ToxicityTarget Organ Systemic Toxicity – single and repeated dose
13 Health Hazards Classifications Hazard ClassHazard CategoryAcute Toxicity1234Skin Corrosion/Irritation1A1B1CSerious Eye Damage/ Eye Irritation2A2BRespiratory or Skin SensitizationGerm Cell MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive ToxicityLactationSTOT –Specific Target OrganToxicity - Single ExposureSTOT –Repeated ExposureAspirationSimple AsphyxiantsSingle CategoryThis slide provides a handy table that you may find useful. It contains all of the health hazard classes covered under Hazcom in the left column, and then provides their corresponding hazard categories in the right column.I would also like to point out that simple asphyxiants has been added to the bottom of this table.It is italicized in the table because Simple asphyxiants is not one of the 10 health hazards addressed in Appendix A. This is because it is not one of the harmonized hazard classes in the GHS.But, since simple asphyxiants are already covered under Hazcom 1994, and OSHA didn’t want to diminish protections, simple asphyxiants have been addressed separately in the final rule, with a definition provided in paragraph (c) and the required label elements provided in Appendix C.13
15 Physical HazardsThis table shows the hazard classes and categories OSHA adopted in its final rule.As with health hazards, OSHA tried to maintain the scope of Haz Com 1994 for physical hazards in Haz Com Therefore, you will notice this list also includes pyrophoric gases and combustible dusts.The definition for pyrophoric gas is contained in paragraph (c) and the label elements are presented in Appendix C.For combustible dust, we are treating as we always have. The definition for this hazard is provided in the Combustible Dust NEP (Directive CPL ). Guidance on this hazard is provided using existing documents, including those on OSHA’s webpage. In addition there are a number of voluntary consensus standards (particularly those from NFPA) that address combustible dust.Deana will now talk about the hazard communication program and labels.1515151515
16 Routes of Entry Dermal or Skin Absorption Direct contact Open wound InhalationThroat and lungsIngestionMouth / gastrointestinal tract
17 Survey of Hazardous Substances What chemicals does Bethany usually use and store?Completed in 2008
18 Three Parts of Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (formerly MSDS)LabelingTrainingThe three parts a hazard communication program are having safety data sheets, labeling of hazards, and training employees on how, when, where, and they may need to access this information. In today’s training we will explain the 16 categories required on the SDS, the 9 sections required for labeling, and the 9 excepted pictograms used in the GHS.
19 Material Safety Data Sheets Manufacturer’s recommendation on how to use the chemical safelyAll chemicals should have an MSDS available. Each time a new chemical is acquired it must be added to the binder located in each custodial office.
20 Now called Safety Data Sheets 16 sections, standardized format Changes - SDSNow called Safety Data Sheets 16 sections, standardized format
21 1. Identification of the substance or mixture and of the supplier Product identifierOther means of identificationRecommended use of the chemical and restrictions on useSupplier’s details (name, address, phone, etc.)Emergency phone numberSection one identifies the substance, its recommend uses, supplier information and emergency contact details.
22 2. Hazard identification GHS classification of the substance and any national or regional informationGHS label elements, including precautionary statements (hazard symbols may be provided as a graphical reproduction of the symbols in black and white or the name of the symbol, e.g. flame, skull and crossbones)Other hazards which do not result in classification ( ex. Dust explosion hazard) or are not covered by the GHSSection 2 gives substance classification, specific national or regional information, required labeling elements which include precautionary statements and graphic symbols or names of the symbols.This section can also include additional hazard information not covered by the GHS
23 3. Composition/information on ingredients SubstanceMixtureChemical identityCommon name, synonyms, etc.Chemical Abstract Service number, etc.Impurities and stabilizing additives which are themselves classified and which contribute to the classification of the substanceThe chemical identity and concentration or concentration ranges of all ingredients which are hazardous within the meaning of the GHS and are present above their cutoff levels
24 4. First Aid MeasuresDescription of necessary measures, subdivided according to the different routes of exposure, i.e. inhalation, skin and eye contact and ingestionMost important symptoms/effects, acute and delayedIndication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary
25 5. Firefighting measures Suitable (and unsuitable) extinguishing mediaSpecific hazards arising from the chemical (e.g. nature of any hazardous combustion products)Special protective equipment and precautions for firefighters
26 6. Accidental release measures Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency proceduresEnvironmental precautionsMethods and materials for containment and cleaning up
27 7. Handling and storage Precautions for safe handling Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
28 8. Exposure controls/personal protection Control parameters, e.g. occupational exposure limit values or biological limit valuesAppropriate engineering controlsIndividual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment
29 9. Physical and chemical properties AppearanceOdorOdor thresholdpHMelting point/freezing pointInitial boiling point and boiling rangeFlash pointEvaporation rateFlammability (solid, gas)Upper/lower flammability or explosive limitsVapor pressureVapor densityRelative densitySolubilityPartition coefficientAuto ignition temperatureDecomposition temperature
30 10. Stability and reactivity Chemical stabilityPossibility of hazardous reactionsConditions to avoid (e.g. static discharge, shock or vibration)Incompatible materialsHazardous decomposition products
31 11. Toxicological information Concise but complete and comprehensible description of the various toxicological (health) effects and the available data used to identify those effects, including:Route of exposure information (inhalation, ingestion, skin and eye contact)Symptoms related to the physical, chemical and toxicological characteristicsDelayed and immediate effects and also chronic effects from short and long-term exposureNumerical measure of toxicity (such as acute toxicity estimates)
32 12. Ecological information Ecotoxicity (aquatic and terrestrial, where available)Persistence and degradabilityBio-accumulative potentialMobility in soilOther adverse effects
33 13. Disposal considerations Description of waste residues and information on their safe handling and methods of disposal, including contaminated packaging
34 14. Transport information United Nations (UN) numberUN proper shipping nameTransport hazard class(es)Packing group, if applicableMarine pollutant (Yes/No)Special precautions which a user needs to be aware of or to comply with in connection with transport or conveyance either within or outside their premises
35 15. Regulatory information Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question
36 16. Other Other information including: Information on preparation Revision of SDS
37 New Label ElementsNine required sectionsThree standardized elements
38 Nine Label Sections Product Name and Identifier GHS pictograms and hazard classesSignal WordsPhysical, health, environmental hazard statementsSupplemental informationPrecautionary measure and pictogramsFirst aid statementsName and address of companyPhone number
39 Three Standardized Elements Symbols/Pictogram: The GHS symbols have been incorporated into pictograms which include the harmonized hazard symbols plus other graphic elements, such as borders, background patterns or colors which are intended to convey specific information.
40 Three Standardized Elements Signal Words: The signal word indicates the relative degree of severity a hazard. The signal words used in the GHS are:"Danger" for the more severe hazards, and"Warning" for the less severe hazards. Signal words are standardized and assigned to the hazard categories. Only one signal word corresponding to the class of the most severe hazard should be used on a label.
41 Three Standardized Elements Hazard Statements: Hazard statements are standardized and assigned phrases that describe the hazard(s) as determined by hazard classification.
57 Other Warning Systems vs GHS NFPA uses 0-4 scales with 4 being most hazardousHMIS uses 0-4 scales with 4 being most hazardousGHS uses 1- 4 scales with 1, 1A or Type A as most hazardousGHS = Globally Harmonized System
58 Control or Eliminate the Hazard Ventilation - use local exhaustUse least toxic solvent/chemical possibleUse personal protective equipmentReduce speed or otherwise dampen noise on equipmentEmployees authorized to conduct Lockout/Tagout must shut off and lock-out all power sources, including electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic, before servicing or maintenance activities are performed on equipmentDo not eat or allow food in work areasTalk about each bullet point!
59 Methods of Protection Safety goggles/glasses Chemical splash goggles (handling chemicals)Glasses (wood dust, metal shavings)
60 Methods of Protection Gloves Disposable (use only once!) Reusable (wash after each use)Heat resistantEar protectionEar plugs
61 Methods of Protection Respirators/dust masks Half-face respirator must comply with BLC Respiratory Protection ProgramN95/dust mask requires user review and signing of “voluntary users” form
62 Work Practices and Hygiene General rulesRead labels and SDSFollow safety precautionsEnsure adequate ventilationWash thoroughlyChange contaminated clothingLabel materials when necessary
63 Wash your hands! Use warm water Wet both hands and wrists Apply liquid soap to palms firstLather well; spread lather to back of hands and wristsScrub for at least 15 secondsRinse well; dry completelyTurn off faucet using disposable towels
64 Emergency Procedures Know where eyewashes are located Immediately report to Security Services ( ) if exposedContact supervisor for spills greater than one gallonPost specific spill procedures in specific areas (science departments)
65 Eyewash StationsDoes everyone know where their eyewash is located?
66 Eyewash StationsEyewashes and emergency showers are secondary items of protection.Plumbed eyewashes and showers are to be flushed and recorded once per week (3 minutes minimum).Portable eyewash stations are to be checked weekly to make sure they are accessible and fluid hasn’t been dischargedNote: Life of fluid is approximately two years.Check expiration date!Who is responsible for eyewash flushing? Do they do it?
67 Machine GuardingAll hazards associated with a machine must be guarded.Machines shall be anchored to the floor or bench top.Guards should never be taken off or moved aside – be a good role model for students!If a guard breaks, take equipment out of service and contact Maintenance for repair.Grinder wheels should have nomore than ¼ inch space at topand 1/8 inch space at bottom.Remove if not dealing with people who use this type of equipment
68 Hazardous Waste Must be labeled as “hazardous waste” with a descriptive name and date.Paper towels, rags used for stains may be thrown in trash.Paper towels, rags used for thinners must be disposed of as hazardous waste.Aerosol cans that are empty may be thrown in trash; if there is any product left in an aerosol can it must be disposed of as hazardous waste.Latex paint may be thrown in trash if solid (no liquid left).Oil-based paints or stains must be disposed of as hazardous waste, regardless of liquid/solid.
69 Electrical Safety Service equipment ONLY if it is locked out! Only authorized employees are allowed to conduct lockout/tagout on hard-wired equipmentReplace frayed or worn electrical cords (do not repair with duct tape)Use only equipment with 3-prong plug or double insulated
70 Compressed GasesGas cylinders should be labeled (contents and empty/full) and chained to the wallFuel (acetylene) and oxygen cylinders are to be stored at least 20 feet away from heat sources of combustible materials, or with a fire-rated wall between them, when not being used
71 To complete the ERK training… 1 To complete the ERK training… 1. COPY this link into Chrome to take a short quiz: https://docs.google.com/a/blc.edu/forms/d/14IJhagbk49LvBtGt4aNatJhPXadp0p5aTBlEgzWGn1I/viewform 2. Use your Bethany log-in information as prompted. 3. Answer the questions. 4. Submit The Human Resources office will be sent a notice that you have completed the quiz. Contact the Human Resources office with questions about this quiz.