Final Jeopardy Final Jeopardy Category: Holding onto Electrons
With every added primary level of electrons, it becomes harder for protons to hold onto electrons because of this. Final Jeopardy What is the shielding effect?
$200 What is a sphere? This is the shape of an s orbital.
$400 What is a double mushroom head, a double balloon, or dumbbell? This is the shape of a p orbital.
$600 What are nodes? Every p orbital MIGHT or might NOT have 2 electrons, but all p orbitals have 2 of these.
$800 What is primary energy level 1? Every primary energy level except this one has a set of p orbitals.
$1000 What is quantum number 3, symbol m l, the magnetic quantum number, or projection of angular momentum? This quantum number tells you in which orbital an electron is found.
$200 What is the Pauli Exclusion Principle? This states that no 2 electrons may have the same set of 4 quantum numbers.
This the quantum number that tells us in which sublevel an electron is found. $400 What is the 2 nd quantum number, symbol l, angular momentum number, orbital quantum number, or azimuthal quantum number?
$600 What is the spin quantum number or the spin number? This is the name of the 4 th quantum number.
$800 What is n, or the 1 st or primary quantum number? This quantum number is the same as coefficient numbers in electron configurations.
$1000 What is m-sub-l (m l )? This is the symbol for the 3 rd quantum number.
$200 What are the s and p sublevels in the highest primary electron energy level? These are the sublevels in which valence electrons are found.
$400 What is the d-sublevel? This is the last sublevel which is filled when writing electron configurations for transition metals.
$600 What is to pull an electron from the next highest s sublevel to put an electron in each d orbital? This is what chromium and molybdenum do but tungsten does not.
$800 What is an f-sublevel --or— What are 2 electrons in the highest s sublevel? This is what tungsten has but chromium and molybdenum do not?
$1000 What is sublevel 5d? Elements cerium through lutetium (atomic numbers 58 through 71) only have one electron in this sublevel.
$200 This is the fraction of mass that an electron (or beta particle) has compared to that of an alpha particle. What is th ?
$400 What are opposite spins? --or-- What is that the magnetic fields cancel each other? This is why 2 electrons can occupy the same orbital.
$600 What are which orbital an electron is in and what it’s direction of spin is? This is what 2 things orbital notation can tell you about electrons that electron configurations cannot.
$800 What is the electron cloud? This is where chemical reactions take place.
Electron configurations, orbital notations, and quantum numbers are only written for these kinds of electrons. $1000 What are electrons in their ground state?
$200 What is the mass number? The number in this position:
$400 What is the atomic number? The number in this position:
$600 What are the sum of the masses and the sum of the atomic numbers? These are the 2 things that must be balanced in a nuclear reaction.
$800 What is zero? This is the atomic number of a neutron.
$1000 What is fission? This what splitting an atomic nucleus is called.
$200 What is a mass of zero? This is how the mass of this particle, β, is treated when balancing nuclear reactions.
$400 What is deuterium? Besides hydrogen-2, this is another name for this particle:.
$600 What is gamma radiation? This form of radiation has no mass and no atomic number.
$800 What is an alpha radiation? This form of radiation is made of particles that are essentially the nucleus of a helium atom.
$1000 What is an alpha particle? This nuclear particle is so weak that it cannot even penetrate a piece of paper.
$400 What is atomic number 83? Above this atomic number there are no stable isotopes.
$800 What are radioisotopes? This is the name that we give to isotopes that are unstable.
$1200 What is carbon 14? This the isotope of carbon that goes through beta decay.
$1600 What is 20? The “band of stability” follows the p + = n line until you reach the element with this proton number.
$2000 What is P = 1.5N? The band of stability curves upward until it reaches this line at about proton number 83.
$400 What is 1/8 th of the original radioisotope? This is how much of a radioisotope is left after 3 half lives.
$800 What is a high specific activity? Radioisotopes that decay rapidly are said to have this.
It’s the ratio of these 2 isotopes that tells scientists how long ago something died. $1200 What are carbon-14 and carbon-12?
$1600 What are lead and concrete? The are commonly used as shields against gamma radiation.
$2000 What are alpha, beta, and gamma radiation? These are the 3 most common forms of nuclear radiation.
$400 What are the s and p sublevels in the highest primary level? The number of electron dots in electron dot notation for atoms come from these sublevels.
$800 What is to put one electron dot on each of the 4 sides of the atomic symbol? You pair up electron dots only after this happens.
$1200 What is to use the Roman numeral at the top of the columns of representative elements? This is the shortcut to finding the correct number of electron dots for an atom.
$1600 What is 2? Most of the transition elements have this number of electron dots in their electron dot notation.
$2000 What is one? Copper, silver, and gold have this number of electron dots in their electron dot notation.
This is the valence level electron configuration of all the elements in the periodic table column that includes oxygen. $400 What is Xs 2 Xp 4 where X is the highest primary level?
$800 What is 1s 2 2s 1 ? This is lithium’s electron configuration.
This is how you write the noble gas electron configuration for an element? $1200 What is to count backwards to the next lowest noble gas, insert the noble gas symbol in brackets, and write the rest of the configuration?
The is the level into which you add d sublevel electrons when you come to the d sublevel reagion in writing electron configurations. $1600 What is one primary level below the highest primary level?
The is the sublevel from which transition metal electrons are 1 st removed. $2000 What is the s sublevel electron in the highest primary energy level?
$400 What is the ionization energy? The energy required to remove an electron from an atom.
$800 What is electronegativity? The relative amount of pulling force that at atom exerts on a pair of electrons in a bond with another atom.
$1200 What is electron affinity? The amount of energy released when an extra electron is added to an atom.
$1600 What is to become smaller as you move from left to right? This is the pattern of atom radius in each row of representative elements.
$2000 What is to grow larger? This is what happens to the size of an atom (or the electron cloud) when electrons are added to them.
$400 What are positive, whole numbers not including zero? These are the only kinds of numbers acceptable as primary quantum numbers.
$800 What are zero and positive whole numbers? These are the only kind of numbers that are acceptable for the orbital quantum number.
$1200 What are -2, -1, 0, 1, and 2? These are the possible magnetic quantum numbers for electrons in a d sublevel.
$1600 What are the boxes? This is what the 3 rd quantum number corresponds to in orbital notation.
$2000 What are -½ and ½? These are the only acceptable numbers for the spin quantum number.
Daily Double What is potential energy? A less stable electron has more of this.
Ionization energy and electron affinity are usually measured in these units. Daily Double What are kilojoules per mole?
For atoms with more than one electron, this is the easiest to remove. Daily Double What is the 1 st electron?