Presentation on theme: "Propaganda in Nazi Germany. What is Propaganda? Propaganda is a form of psychological manipulation for the benefit of someone’s personal agenda. It involves."— Presentation transcript:
Propaganda in Nazi Germany
What is Propaganda? Propaganda is a form of psychological manipulation for the benefit of someone’s personal agenda. It involves spreading of specific views and ideas (ideology) to persuade others that ‘your side’ is correct.
Why was propaganda so crucial for the Nazis? Propaganda was an essential tool for getting the Nazi message out to the public. Hitler wanted the people to understand his ideas. Message was made simple and clear Perfect tool for anti-democratic Nazis + people who were against o Democracy o Weimar's government o Rational debate
Joseph Goebbels Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment One of Hitler's three lieutenants Fiercely anti-Semitic with views similar to those of Hitler 1922: became member of the Nazi party 1925: first meets and gets fascinated by Hitler 1927: made Gauleiter of Berlin 1928: made party propaganda chief 1930: elected to the Reichstag 1933: made Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment Supported Hitler until the very end of the war, when he committed suicide
Goebbels as Minister of Propaganda Had complete control over all forms of communication Made use of mob emotions Spread the belief that Hitler was a god-like figure and that the German race was the superior race Most virulent propaganda targeted at Jews Hypnotic orator, almost as good as Hitler Established the Reich Chamber of Commerce Organised the "book burnings" Best remembered for his nighttime rallies
Goebbels 5 Propaganda Principles Must be interesting to the audience Must be used at the right time and must include a repetitive theme Must be specific Must be easily learnt and boomerang-proof Must give hope, but should not create false hopes.
What types of Propaganda were used? Propaganda was an essential tool for getting the Nazi message out to the public. Hitler wanted the people to understand his ideas. he used the following: Posters Film Rallies Anti-Semitic Exhibitions Radio Books Magazines
Posters Basis of Propaganda Cheap and easy to distribute Placed in public areas Constant reminder of Nazi Ideology
Film Good tool to promote ideas 'The Führer Over Germany' Used to promote o How Horrible the Jews were o Hitler's Greatness o True life of Germans in East Europe
Rallies Used to celebrate Nazism Albert Speer and Joseph Goebbels organised rallies to showcase the might of the Nazi Nation. Arenas were built (claimed to hold 400,000 people) Nuremberg Rallies: o Held from 1927 onward. o Reached up to 500,000 people
Anti-Semitic Exhibition ‘The Eternal Jew’ o From November 1937 to January 31st, 1938 o Over 412,000 people visited in total Showcase typical features of a Jew Promote anti-Semitic feelings towards Jews
Radio Goebbels sold cheap radios known as 'The People's receiver'. Hitler's speeches broadcast over Germany Loudspeakers put in streets, so people had to listen to his speeches.
Books Focused on anti-Semitism, Nazism and German nationalism Most notable book was Mein Kampf Children’s book were also produced like Der Giftpilz (the poisonous mushroom) o “The following tales tell the truth about the Jewish poison mushroom. They show the many shapes the Jew assumes. They show the depravity and baseness of the Jewish race. They show the Jew for what he really is: The Devil in human form.”
Magazines Signal was a propaganda magazine manufactured by the Wehrmacht (the German Unified Forces). It was distributed in Occupied Europe and Neutral countries (but not Germany proper). o Signal was a propaganda magazine manufactured by the Wehrmacht (the German Unified Forces). It was distributed in Occupied Europe and Neutral countries (but not Germany proper) Der Stümer: another propaganda magazine o Dedicated to anti-Semitism, especially hatred of the Jews. Motto: "The Jews are our misfortune".
Propaganda in Art Against modern art - Militant League for German Culture Featured a "true to life" hero and heroine Glorified strong and healthy heroes Hitler was shown as a wise, imperious leader Clear, direct, and heroic 1937: House of German Art Sculptures were very important Malverbot
Propaganda in Architecture Hitler admired Roman Architecture and believed that Ancient Germans had been part of its social fabric and influenced it. He thought of the Romans as an early Aryan Empire and he began emulating their style of neoclassicism and art deco. 3 styles of architecture: Stage, Symbolic and Didactic
Stage Large spaces made to incorporate masses of people Buildings were immense, which was meant to deliver the Nazi message (how great they were) Mainly inspired by Greco-Roman architecture Link to 'Blood and Soil' belief of the Nazis.
Symbolic These German buildings were built for both form and function Nazis preferred traditional housing/buildings Nazis forbade modern style buildings Meant to house paintings and large numbers of people
Didactic Hitler referred to architecture as "The Word in Stone Buildings were meant to represent a new birth for Germany Designed to showcase importance of the community over the individual Not overly sized or magnificent
How Successful was Propaganda? Efficiently developed and reinforced popular prejudices Ensured that Nazi ideologies and policies were clearly understood and fostered a sense of nationalism Served as a constant reminder to the people of the Nazis The people only knew what the Nazis told them and nothing else, so they were very easy to control Crude or oppressive propaganda was not popular