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A Guide of Common Core Shifts for Students and Parents.

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1 A Guide of Common Core Shifts for Students and Parents

2 Shifts in the CCGPS 6 Shifts in ELA/Literacy Read as much non fiction as fiction Learn about the world by reading Read more challenging material closely Discuss reading using evidence Write non-fiction using evidence Increase academic vocabulary 6 Shifts in Mathematics Focus: learn more about fewer, key topics Build skills within and across grades Develop speed and accuracy Really know it. Really do it. Use it in the real world Think fast AND solve problems

3 ELA/Literacy Shift 1: Read as much non-fiction as fiction Student must… Read more non-fiction Know the ways non- fiction can be organized Enjoy and discuss the details of non-fiction Parents can… Supply more non- fictions text Read non-fiction texts aloud or with your child Enjoy non-fiction text in front of your child

4 ELA/Literacy Shift 2: Learn about the world by reading Students must… Learn more Science and Social Studies through reading Use “primary source” documents Learn more by using texts Parents can… Provide series of texts on topics of interest Find books that explain Discuss non-fiction texts and the ideas within the text

5 The more we read, the more we can read! By age 3, children from affluent families have heard 30 million more words than children from parents living in poverty. (Hart and Risley, 1995). Children who have larger vocabularies and greater understanding of spoken language do better in school (Whitehurst and Lonigan). If children aren’t reading on grade level by third grade, they are four times more likely to leave high school without a diploma (Hernandez, 2011).

6 ELA/Literacy Shift 3: Read more complex material carefully Re-read Read material at comfort level AND work with more challenging text Break down text to understand Handle frustration with text and keep reading Provide more challenging texts AND provide text they WANT to read and can read comfortably Know what is grade level appropriate Read challenging text with them Show that challenging text is worth reading and discussing Students must… Parents can…

7 Support their Reading. Read Challenging Texts Aloud. GradesExamples of Non-fictionExamples of Fiction K-1A Tree is a Plant Fire, Fire! (Read aloud) Are You My Mother? The Owl and the Pussycat (Read aloud) 2-3Martin Luther King and the March on Washington What the World Eats! (Read aloud) Fire Cat Charlotte’s Web (Read aloud) 4-5Hurricanes: Earth’s Mightiest Storms The Kids Guide to Money Bud not Buddy The Secret Garden 6-8Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass A Night to Remember Little Women The People Could Fly 9-10Hope, Despair, Memory Letter from Birmingham Jail Things Fall Apart In the Time of Butterflies 11-12Take the Tortillas Out of Your Poetry Mother Tongue The Canterbury Tales Crime and Punishment

8 ELA/Literacy Shift 4: Discuss reading using evidence Find evidence to support their arguments Form judgments Become experts through reading Discuss what the author is trying to do with the text Talk about text Ask for evidence in every day discussions/ disagreements Read aloud or read the same book and discuss with evidence to support conversation Students must… Parents can…

9 ELA/Literacy Shift 5: Writing from Sources Students must… Make arguments in writing using evidence Compare multiple texts in writing Practice writing well Parents can… Encourage writing at home Write “books” together and use evidence/details

10 ELA/Literacy Shift 6: Academic Vocabulary Students must… Learn the words that they can use in college and career Read more to develop a larger vocabulary Parents can… Read often and constantly with babies, toddlers, preschoolers, and children Read multiple books about the same topic Let your children see you reading Talk to your children; Read to your children; Listen to your children; Sing with your children

11 Mathematics Shift 1: Focus: Learn more about less Student must… Spend more time on fewer concepts Parents can… Know what the priority work is for your child at their grade level Spend time with your child on priority work Ask your child’s teachers about their progress on priority work

12 Mathematics Shift 2: Skills Across Grades Students must… Keep building on learning year after year Parents can… Be aware of what your child struggles with last year and how that will affect learning the this year Advocate for your child and ensure that supports are given for gaps in learning

13 The National Mathematics Advisory Panel Final Report (2008) Success with Adding/Subtracting/ Multiplying/Dividing Positive and Negative Numbers Success with Adding/Subtracting/ Multiplying/Dividing Positive and Negative Numbers Success with Fractions Success in Algebra Success in College

14 Mathematics Shift 3: Speed and Accuracy Students must… Spend time practicing lots of problems on the same concept Parents can… Push children to know/memorize basic math facts Know all of the fluencies your child should have at the different grade levels

15 Key Fluencies GradeRequired Fluency KAdd/subtract within 5 1 st Add/subtract within 10 2 nd Add/subtract within 20 (addition/subtraction facts) Add/subtract within 100 3 rd Multiply/divide within 100 (multiplication/division facts) Add/subtract within 1,000 4 th Add/subtract within 1,000,000 5 th Multi-digit multiplication Multi-digit division 6 th Multi-digit decimal operations 7 th Solve px + q=r, p(x + q)=r 8 th Solve simple 2 x 2 systems by inspection

16 Mathematics Shift 4: Know it/Do it! Student must… Understand why the math works. Make the math work. Talk about why the math works Prove that they know why and how the math works Parents can… Notice whether your child really knows why the answer is what it is Advocate for the time your child needs to learn key math skills Provide time for your child to work hard with math at home Try to know the math your child needs to know

17 Current Sample Test Item 5 th Grade Math Samantha is making an Apple Crumb Pie using the ingredients below. Apple Crumb Pie How much total sugar must Samantha use to make the pie crumb and filling? a. 7/12 cup b. 2/6 cup c. 3/4 cup d. 2/3 cup CrumbFilling 3/4 cup flour4 cups sliced apples 1/3 cup sugar 1/4 cup butter1/2 cup raisins

18 Example Common Core Performance Task: 5 th Grade Math Stuffed with Pizza John and Daniel are stuffed with pizza. John ate one-fourth of a cheese pizza, three-eighths of a pepperoni pizza, and one-half of a mushroom pizza. Daniel ate five-eights of a cheese pizza, and the other half of the mushroom pizza. All of the pizzas were the same size. John says he ate more pizza than Daniel because Daniel did not eat any pepperoni pizza. Daniel says they each ate the same amount of pizza. Who is correct? Show all of your mathematical thinking.

19 Example Annotated Student Work The student models with mathematics. The diagram is accurate, labeled and a key is provided. By drawing a diagram, the student is able to make sense of the problem. The student knows to find equivalent fractions to help solve the problem.

20 Additional Common Core Resources

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