2 A. Life-Threatening Poisons 1. Protoplasmic poisons –life-threatening poisons that result in generalized destruction of cells, followed by organ failure.most likely to be fatal, due to irreversible organ damage.
3 Protoplasmic poisonsvictims who are hospitalized and given aggressive support therapy almost immediately after ingestion have a mortality rate of only 10%,those admitted 60 or more hours after ingestion have a 50% to 90% mortality rate.
4 B. Life-Endangering Poisons The following classes of poisons are generally not life-threatening, although death is possible in severe cases in which large amounts were consumed or the patient has additional health complications :Neurotoxins -compounds that cause neurological symptoms, such as profuse sweating, coma, convulsions, hallucinations, excitement, depression, spastic colon.
5 2. Gastrointestinal irritants – compounds that produce rapid, transient nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea.3. Disulfiram-like toxins –mushrooms in this category generally are nontoxic and produce no symptoms, unless alcohol is consumed within 72 hours after eating them, in which case a short-lived, acute toxic syndrome is produced.
6 Protoplasmic Poisons Amatoxin (amanitin) Death Cap or Destroying Angel (Amanita phalloides, A. virosa) and several relativesFool’s Mushroom (A. verna) and some of its relativesAutumn Skullcap (Galerina autumnalis)