2A. Life-Threatening Poisons 1. Protoplasmic poisons –life-threatening poisons that result in generalized destruction of cells, followed by organ failure.most likely to be fatal, due to irreversible organ damage.
3Protoplasmic poisonsvictims who are hospitalized and given aggressive support therapy almost immediately after ingestion have a mortality rate of only 10%,those admitted 60 or more hours after ingestion have a 50% to 90% mortality rate.
4B. Life-Endangering Poisons The following classes of poisons are generally not life-threatening, although death is possible in severe cases in which large amounts were consumed or the patient has additional health complications :Neurotoxins -compounds that cause neurological symptoms, such as profuse sweating, coma, convulsions, hallucinations, excitement, depression, spastic colon.
52. Gastrointestinal irritants – compounds that produce rapid, transient nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea.3. Disulfiram-like toxins –mushrooms in this category generally are nontoxic and produce no symptoms, unless alcohol is consumed within 72 hours after eating them, in which case a short-lived, acute toxic syndrome is produced.
6Protoplasmic Poisons Amatoxin (amanitin) Death Cap or Destroying Angel (Amanita phalloides, A. virosa) and several relativesFool’s Mushroom (A. verna) and some of its relativesAutumn Skullcap (Galerina autumnalis)