Presentation on theme: "ER. S.S Kahlon Expert Livelihood SLNA,Punjab. To live, a man selects a path for generating Adequate Resource to Meet the daily Requirement on Sustainable."— Presentation transcript:
ER. S.S Kahlon Expert Livelihood SLNA,Punjab
To live, a man selects a path for generating Adequate Resource to Meet the daily Requirement on Sustainable Basis.
Assets Activities Capabilities
Wellbeing Production System Resource Income Capability Education Market Health Technology Empowerment Risk Livelihood, a Complex System
Increase in Income Reduction in Expenditure Increase in Employment Reduction in Risk
Land Based Livelihood Non-Land Based Livelihood
Land Based Livelihood depends upon Resource Management which leads to Natural Resource Management (NRM). Social Resource Management (SRM) is also essential for Land Based Livelihood. Current Approach NRMSRM + = LRM
To Achieve the LRM Focus on Natural Resources Focus on Community Focus on Institutions Rights on CPRs Labour Groups Creation of Livelihood Funds Linkage with Finance Institutions
Factor contributing low production in rain fed area includes: 1.Uneven-erratic distribution of rain fall. 2.Low cropping intensity. 3.Lack of well defined farming approach. 4.Lack of knowledge about rain water and moisture conservation. 5.Limited availability and choice of cultivars.
For optimizing production and productivity of rain fed area and to meet the additional demand of food, fodder, fiber and fuel suitable mix of farming system including alternative land use system such as Silvi-Pasture, tree farming, alley cropping, lay farming, dry land horticulture, agro horticulture etc should stressed. To reduce the possibility of total crop failure and economic loss integrated farming system approach including a blending of diversified and mixed farming consisting of crop husbandry, agro forestry, dry land horticulture, live stock, Pasture and fodder development should be considered under farming system approach. Contd..
This system involves growing more than one crop in seasons in a year contributing higher cropping intensity and productivity in cropping circle. Component of multi cropping system are: 1.Mix Cropping -Growing no. of crops in some season in one field. 2.Inter Cropping -Growing one minor crop generally leguminous with major crop generally cereals crop. 3.Strip Cropping -Growing few rows of erosion resistant crop and erosion permitting crops in alternative strips on contour or across the slopes, crop mix usuallyinvolve grasses, legumes, cereals etc.
Alley cropping -Tree cum crop farming Lay farming-Crop rotation includes a period of of pasture development preferably with mix of legume fodder Agri Horticulture -Mix of crop husbandry and growing horticulture crop. ( Fruits, Vegetables, Horticulture) SILVI PASTURE -Growing of multipurpose forest tree (fast growing) with pasture (grass, legume mix ) to provide fiber, food, fuel fodders timbers.
Organic Farming Activities relating to crops horticulture and live stock and other IGA may generate biomass for production of organic manures, organic resources are cheap, easily to manageable involve no risk as compared to agro chemical Organic manures beside providing essential plant nutrients help in conserving moisture in rain fed area. Agriculture production in arable and non arable area in watershed requires to be stabilized with regular supply of required quantity of plant nutrients.. Soils of rain fed area are not only thirsty but hungry too. Chemical fertilizers are costly. Risk associated with rain fed area - Failure may lead to loss of capital investment on costly input. Ill effect of agro chemical due to their indiscriminate use. Organic manures improve physical property of soil which in turn increase water holding capacity of soils.
Biomass generated from crops Livestock wastage. Poultry wastage By product of other house hold production activities. Aquatic plant and pond silt.
It methods namely cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical in a compatible manner to keep pest and weed below economic injury level and help to minimize environmental is a broad based ecological concept of pest and weed control employing pollution due to chemical. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT COMPONENT: 1.Growing pest resistant plant. 2.Biological control. 3.Pheromones attractant and repellents. Traditional formulations like neem oil, emulsion, organic decoction of chilies ginger, garlic are tested and promoted. Address Traditional formulations like neem oil, emulsion, organic decoction of chilies ginger, garlic are tested and promoted. Address
Development and Management of common property resource is necessary to lay solid foundation of livelihood support system of rural people. People have to manage resource not only as CPR but also as common responsibility for driving common benefits. The resources are to be generated first and then the question of sharing the benefit arise. The PIA staff who is approaching the people and motivating should organize them in SHG. More and more no of landless labour, SC, ST,who are vitally linked with CPR should be organized. Those SHG may be motivated to form self help thrift group. SHG may be linked with bank after maturity. Common land activities like establishment of composite nurseries. Silvi pasture development community fish pond, planting of fruit trees, grasses which would help in moisture conservation and meet the local need can be taken up. Benefits may be distributed among the members of SHG after retaining some amount for watershed development fund.
YIELD OF UHD MANGO & CONVENTIONAL MANGO ORCHARD PARTICULARCONVENTIONALUHDP Plant spacing10 * 10 Mt.3*2 Mt. No of plant/ hectare Time for commercial level yield7-9 years3-4 years Time to reach full yield12-5 years4-5 years No of plants of mango under traditional method= 40 No/Acre No of plants of mango under UDHP method= 674 no./Acre Drip irrigation and fertilization technique are employed to manage UHD mango: Drip irrigation and fertilization technique are employed to manage UHD mango: SAILENT FEATURES Yield 3 times High income Commercial yield in 3 years Fruit bearing can be regulated to get produce every year. Inter cropping is possible in initial years. Easy to harvest because of low height of plant. Existing orchard can be converted into UHDP
ParticularsActivity Seed SourceNational Seed Cooperation VarietyNasik-53 Quantity of Seed1 Qt. Sowing timeFeb Quantity of Onion sets Produced 34 qt. sets Production of Green Onion 267 qt per Hectare Average Market Rate 15 Rs\- Kg Gross Income4 Lacs
Systematic Measurable Achievable Realistic Time Bound
House hold production system can be classified into following categories: SMALL LIVE STOCK SYSTEM :- This would include poultry, piggery, rabbit rearing, goat and sheep rearing etc. BIOMASS / Agro processing - This include basket making, rope making various handicrafts ( toy making, wood carving) leaf plates, Saucer plates, oil extraction, food processing (pickle, jams, jelly etc. Service Sector: This would include carpentry, black smithy, tool kits for castration, plant protection equipments. OTHER HOUSEHOLD IGA- Mushrooms bee keeping, sericulture, bio fertilizer
Formation of SHG- Keeping in view interest, skill and occupation for member SHG. Training- Training for each activities should be organized. Equipment and Material- Equipment & material have to be provided. Implementation of activities- Necessary guidance and help to group to initiate the activities marketing should be provided.
Household production system should be formed as interlocked and interrelated to watershed development with both forwarded and backward linkage. BACKWARD LINKAGE: Where rope making and leaf plate making are to be promoted grasses and species like Dhak Mahwa should be planted and promoted. FORWARDED LINKAGE: Need based vocational training as per requirement of the activities should be arranged.
Health Care Fodder Development Livestock Based Funds Door Step Artificial Insemination
Mega Health Camp Vaccination Training on Management Demonstrations of UTPS and Heymaking AI & PD Camps
Grasses on Bunds and Wasteland Promotion of Fodder Trees Introduction of Dual Purpose Crops Mineral Mixture Making
Revolving Fund for Purchase of – Cow – Buffalo – Sheep – Goat – Backyard Poultry
Crossbreed of Local Cows and Buffalos Use of Frozen Semen Compulsory PD and Calf Birth Record Linkage with Cattle Bread Association Marketing Linkage Promotion of Self Employment
Health Care to All the Livestock in the Watershed Mitigating Fodder Calamity Promotion of Livestock Based Livelihood to Land less People Linkage with Animal Husbandry Department for Research Marketing