2GLE 0507.2.1: Investigate different nutritional relationships among organisms in an ecosystem. GLE : Explain how organisms interact through symbiotic, commensal, and parasitic relationships.
3How do organisms depend on one another for energy?
4Imagine you are on a hike in TN Imagine you are on a hike in TN. Name all of the biotic (living) factors you see.
5Now,name all of the abiotic (nonliving) factors you see.
6What is an ecosystem? Biotic factors are living things. List 4 biotic factors in this picture.Abiotic factors are nonliving things.List 4 abiotic factors found in this picture.
7What is an ecosystem?Together the biotic and abiotic factors make up the forest ecosystem.An ecosystem includes all of the living and the nonliving things in an environment.
8What is an ecosystem?The organisms in an ecosystem can be sorted into different populations.A population includes all members of a single species in an area at a given time.For example: In this picture, you see a population of ___________. You also see a population of _____________.
9Name the populations you can see in this ecosystem.
10What is an ecosystem?Together the many different populations make up a community.A community includes all the living things (or populations) in an ecosystem.A community not only includes all of the plants and animals living there, but also bacteria, protists, and fungi.
11What is an ecosystem? An ecosystem can be local or widespread. It can be as large as an entire forest.Or one fallen log in the middle of a forest can make up an ecosystem.
12Listening Quiz Which of the following is NOT a biotic factor? Rock DeerOak treeFly
13Listening Quiz 2. Which of the following is NOT an abiotic factor? RockDeerWaterOxygen
14Listening Quiz 3. Wildflowers are _____________ factors. Biotic Abiotic
15Listening Quiz4. All of the living and nonliving things in an environment make up a(n) __________________.BioticAbioticEcosystemPopulation
16Listening Quiz5. All of the living and nonliving things in an environment make up a(n) __________________.BioticAbioticEcosystemPopulation
17Listening Quiz6. All of the members of one species living in an environment make up a(n) __________________.CommunityAbioticEcosystemPopulation
18Listening Quiz7. All of the living things in an ecosystem make up a(n) __________________.CommunityAbioticEcosystemPopulation
19Listening Quiz8. All of the blue spruce trees in a forest form a _______________.CommunityPopulationEcosystemAbiotic factor
20Listening Quiz9. A _____________ might include deer, squirrels, pine trees, ferns, and grass.CommunityPopulationEcosystemAbiotic factor
21Listening Quiz 10. Mushrooms are a(n) __________ factor. Biotic EcosystemPopulationAbiotic
22Project:On your own paper, design a diorama for one of the following biomes: deciduous forest, grassland, tundra, taiga, tropical rain forest.Include:at least five populations4 abiotic factors5 biotic factorsRefer to the rubric your teacher gives you to make sure you include all necessary items.
23How are food chains alike? The path that energy and nutrients follow in an ecosystem is called a food chain.A food chain is a model of the food relationships that exist between organisms.
24How are food chains alike? The arrows represent the flow of energy from one organism to another.The arrows point to the belly organism that is doing the eating.The caterpillar eats the flower.The frog eats the caterpillar.The snake eats the frog.The owl eats the snake.
25How are food chains alike? All energy in a food chain comes from the sun.Producers are at the beginning of all food chains.A producer is an organism that uses the sun’s energy to make its own food in the form of sugar or starch.
26PRODUCERLANTSClick to View: Photosynthesis Animation7 minutes
27How are food chains alike? We can think of producers as plants. Algae is another example.Producers use energy from the sun, along with water and carbon dioxide to make sugar molecules.These sugar molecules are the original source of food for consumers.
28How are food chains alike? A consumer is any animal that eats (or consumes) plants or other animals.Animals that eat only producers (plants) are called herbivores.Examples: squirrels, some birds, grazing animalsAnimals that eat other animals rather than producers are called carnivores.Examples: bobcats, hawks
29How are food chains alike? Animals that eat both plants and animals are called omnivores.Examples of omnivores are raccoons, mice, and some crabs.Dead or decaying animals are broken down by decomposers.Examples: bacteria, fungi, termites, and many worms
30How are food chains alike? Consumers that eat the left over bodies of animals that have started to rot are called scavengers.Examples: vultures, eagles, raccoons
31Listening Guide Where does the energy in a food chain come from? Sun GrassDeerWolf
32Listening Guide 2. Which of the following is a producer? Sun Grass DeerWolf
33Listening Guide 3. Which of the following is a consumer? Sun Grass Deer
34Listening Guide 4. Which of the following is a consumer? Sun Wolf Grass
35Listening Guide 5. Which of the following is a herbivore? Sun Wolf GrassDeer
36Listening Guide 6. Which of the following is a carnivore? Sun Wolf GrassDeer
37Listening Guide 7. Which of the following is a decomposer? tiger bear mushroomtree
38Listening Guide 8. Which of the following is NOT an abiotic factor? soilairmushroomsun
39Listening Guide 9. Which of the following is NOT an biotic factor? wormraingrassdeer
40Listening Guide 10. Which of the following is a scavenger? lion tiger vulturebear
41What are food webs made of? In most food chains, a single organism is not eaten by only one consumer.For Example: The insects in the food web can be eaten by either the frogs or the birds.This makes the insects part of two food chains.
42What are food webs made of? A food web is a network of food chains that have some links in common.Food webs are just several food chains put together.
43What are food webs made of? The arrows represent the flow of energy from one organism to another.The arrows point to the belly of the organism doing the eating!Both the owl AND the snake eat the frog.The fox eats mice, squirrels, and rabbits.
44What are food webs made of? The hawk in the food web hunts for food.This makes the hawk a predator.Predators are animals that hunt other animals for food.Animals that are hunted for food are called prey.The snake and the fish are examples of prey.
45What are food webs made of? Predators are important in a food web.They limit the size of prey populations.When the number of prey animals are reduced, producers and other resources in an ecosystem are less likely to run out.
46Listening GuideA network of food chains that share some links is called a ___________.PredatorPreyProducerFood web
47Listening Guide2. Organisms that get eaten by other animals are called ____________PredatorPreyProducerFood web
48Listening Guide3. Organisms that hunt other animals to eat them are called ____________.PredatorPreyProducerFood web
49Listening Guide4. Animals that eat decaying or rotting animals are called ___________.PredatorDecomposersScavengersFood web
50Listening Guide5. The arrows on a food web represent the flow of __________ from one organism to another.HerbivoreDecomposersScavengersenergy
51Listening Guide6. The arrow always points to the _______ of the organism doing the ________.Belly - producingBelly – hidingBelly - decomposingBelly - eating
52Listening Guide7. If prey populations get too large, _________ might run out.Producers and consumersProducers and resourcesWaterEnergy
53Listening Guide8. At the base of each food chain are _____ that use the Sun’s energy to make sugar and oxygen.ConsumersProducersPredatorsHerbivores
54Listening Guide9. The original source of food for ________, or any animal that eats plants or other animals, is sugar molecules.HerbivoresProducersPredatorsConsumers
55Listening Guide10. All the members of the same species living in an ecosystem are called a ____________ .ProducerPopulationPredatorConsumer
56What are symbiotic relationships? Living things interact with each other in many different ways.Sometimes one organism hunts another. (predators–prey)
57What are symbiotic relationships? Relationships such as predators and prey are examples of interdependence.Interdependence is the reliance of certain organisms on other organisms for their survival.
58What are symbiotic relationships? A relationship between two organisms that lasts over a period of time is called symbiosis.Joshua (Yucca) Tree and the Yucca Moth
59What are symbiotic relationships? A symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms is called mutualism.Examples:yucca tree and the yucca mothants and the acacia tree
60What are symbiotic relationships? Commensalism is a symbiotic relationship that benefits one organism without harming the other.Examples:ray and remorasorchids and rain forest treesClownfish and anemones
61What are symbiotic relationships? A symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits while the other is harmed is called parasitism.Examples:TapewormsTicksLampreylampreytapewormtick