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1 How is the South African society benefiting from science, technology and innovation? The Second CPSI Public Sector Innovation Conference: People-centered.

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Presentation on theme: "1 How is the South African society benefiting from science, technology and innovation? The Second CPSI Public Sector Innovation Conference: People-centered."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 How is the South African society benefiting from science, technology and innovation? The Second CPSI Public Sector Innovation Conference: People-centered Innovation Emperors Palace, November 2008 Vuyani Lingela, General Manager: International Cooperation and Research

2 2 1.What is the relationship between science, technology and innovation and economic development? 2.How are the South African innovation actors contributing to national competitiveness through science, technology and innovation? 3.How are the South African innovation actors contributing to poverty alleviation and employment creation through science, technology and innovation? Contents

3 3 Imported know-how Technology balance of payments Current R&D Capacity Share of publications R&D intensity (investment) Future R&D capacity University enrolments S&T post-graduate degrees University entrance in Maths and Science S&T Human Capital Researchers in workforce Demographics of SET workforce Technical progress (Improvement and Innovation) Patents Business R&D intensity ICT uptake indicators Business performance Technology/ trade mix Key sector performance New sectors (e.g. biotech) Quality of life Technology Achievement Index Wealth Creation Technology based growth National Competitiveness

4 4 Innovation Management Source: Lingela, Buys and Shimozawa (2007)

5 5 What is the relationship between science, technology and innovation and economic development? Real world examples? Economic Development

6 6 Economic & Scientific Wealth Source: DA King, Nature 430 (2004) 311 (15 July 2004)

7 7 ? Africa’s exports to the world Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

8 8 Major importers of SA passenger cars Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

9 9 Africa’s exports to Asia Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

10 10 Goods exported to Asia Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

11 11 Goods exported to Asia Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

12 12 Goods exported to Africa Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

13 13 The World Bank Group (2004) Goods exported to Africa Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

14 14 Export & import of Africa’s cut flower Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

15 15 Major recipients of Japanese FDI Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

16 16 Mining (30.5%) Transportation (56.6%) Mining (1.2%) Transportation (67.4%) Japanese investments in Africa Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

17 17 Hotels and restaurants Manufacturing Trade and retail Major recipients of Korean FDI Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

18 18 Manufacturing Resource development Major recipients of Chinese FDI Source: The World Bank Group (2004)

19 19 How are the South African innovation actors contributing to national competitiveness through science, technology and innovation? National competitiveness

20 20 Joule: Africa’s first battery electric car Source: Optimal Energy (Pty) Ltd (2008)

21 21 1.An investment from the Innovation Fund, an agency of the DST, made this venture possible. 2.The current shareholders in Optimal Energy comprise executive management, the Innovation Fund and the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) of South Africa. Joule: Africa’s first battery electric car Source: Optimal Energy (Pty) Ltd (2008)

22 22 Ravin 500: Advanced piston engine for general aviation aircraft Source: ADEPT Airmotive (2008)

23 23 1.What is probably the most advanced piston engine for general aviation aircraft in the world today has been developed by Adept Airmotive in South Africa. 2.Funding was obtained from Tanglewood Private Equity. Subsequently, a grant for R13,5-million over three years was obtained from the Innovation Fund (IF) ), an agency of the DST. 3.The company has also benefited from the Technology Stations Programme (A Programme of the DST, GTZ and HESA): –Composites Technology Station at the Durban University of Technology and –Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing Technology Station at the Central University of Technology. Source: Engineering News (2007, 30 November) Ravin 500: Advanced piston engine for general aviation aircraft

24 24 Johanna Solar Technology Source: Johanna Solar Technology GmbH (2008)

25 25 1.Helped with funding from the Innovation Fund, an agency of the DST, Prof Vivian Alberts and his Team at the University of Johannesburg have brought the so-called CIGSSe (copper, indium, gallium, sulphur and selenium) thin film technology to a marketable state over 13 years of development work. 2.Johanna Solar Technology GmbH acquired the licence in August 2005, and the company is now building the world's largest production site for silicon- free thin film solar modules based on this CIGSSe technology at Brandenburg an der Havel. 3.Johanna Solar Technology GmbH has granted a first license to the Chinese company Shandong Sunvim Solar Technology Co. Ltd. for the construction of a thin film solar module production plant. Source: Johanna Solar Technology GmbH (2008, 10 March) Johanna Solar Technology

26 26 How are the South African innovation actors contributing to poverty alleviation and employment creation through science, technology and innovation? Poverty alleviation and employment creation

27 27 Poverty alleviation and employment creation Prof. Simphiwe Mini General Manager: Technology for Social Impact Mr. Lucky P. Khumalo Manager: Monitoring & Coordination Tel: /4499 Fax:

28 28 1.Funding of initiatives with social impact 2.Funding initiatives that will grow into sustainable businesses 3.Technology Sourcing and Transfer –Source skills, knowledge, and equipment from the NSI –Provide partnership with other Government Departments 4.Collaboration with Local Players –Government –Communities 5.Integrated Manufacturing Strategy (IMS) through the DTI DST Technology for Social Impact

29 29 DST Technology for Social Impact 6.Focus on Post-Harvest Agro-processing (beneficiation, value-addition) technologies. 7.Sources of technologies & skills Science Councils (CSIR, ARC, MRC, MINTEK, HSRC, etc) Higher Education Institutions (Universities & Colleges, etc) Private Sector Government Departments NGO’s and Innovators 8.Establish viable community-owned businesses where skills & technology transfer has occurred. 9.Projects as early as 2000/1 – current 10.Thirty nine (39) project types almost 200 sites in the country.

30 30 DST Technology for Social Impact: Projects

31 31 Strategic Areas of Collaboration 1.Agriculture –Post-harvest Agro-processing Technologies –High-value agro-commodities Essential oils Indigenous Natural Products Aquaculture (fresh water cage-net fish farming) –Beneficiation of organic Materials (fibres, leathers, etc) 2.Health –Primary Health –Technologies for Processing Medicinal Plants –Sanitation / Environmental Health

32 32 3.Energy –Technologies that conserve fossil fuels –Alternative Energy Sources –Non-fossil fuels 4.Small Scale Mining –Mineral processing and beneficiation (Jewellery) 5.ICT (Information & Communication Technologies) Strategic Areas of Collaboration

33 33 Beneficiation (Processing) Technologies Food Processing Technologies –Indigenous Foods Processing –Cashew Apple Processing –Fermented Milk Products –Fermented Indigenous Beverages –Beekeeping (farming) –Oyster Mushrooms Propagation –Aqua-culture (Small-scale fish farming) Herbs Beneficiation & Oils extraction –Indigenous Medicinal Plants (MRC, ARC, INR & CSIR) –Essential Oils (Aroma therapeutic) Oils Animal Fibre Beneficiation –Cashmere Beneficiation –Mohair Beneficiation –Wool Beneficiation –Leather* Beneficiation

34 34 Beneficiation (Processing) Technologies Plant (Leaf) Fibre Beneficiation –Sisal Beneficiation –Hemp Beneficiation –Hand Paper-Making –Indigenous Grass Weaving & Furniture Making Small-Scale Mining –Jewellery Making (Mineral Beneficiation) –Pottery (Clay Beneficiation)

35 35 Technologies for Beekeeping

36 36 Technologies For Bee Farming 1.Transfers bee farming (apiary) technology & skills to communities to extract organic honey, & develop secondary wax & pollen products. 2.Establish businesses based on beekeeping and associated crafts among historically disadvantaged and resource poor communities. 3.Equips aspirant beekeepers with adequate equipment and business skill training to manage successful bee farming businesses - over 600 people have been trained in beekeeping. 4.Trademark, INYOSI HONEY™. Website, 5.Awarded Platinum Award by the Impumelelo Innovations Trust in 2002.

37 37 Indigenous Food Processing Technologies (Indigenous Foods, Cashew Apple & Fermented Milk Products)

38 38 Food Processing Technologies (Indigenous Foods, Cashew Apple & Fermented Milk Products) 1.Transfers Food Processing technologies to communities and establish sustainable SMME’s –Indigenous Foods Processing and Packaging of Indigenous Foods Provincial processing centres established and equipped Section 21, Indiza Foods registered Recipe Book on Indigenous Foods –Cashew Apple Processing of Cashew Apple into juice & dried fruits Processing factory in KwaNgwanase (KZN) Products being market tested –Fermented Milk Products Yoghurt factory in Mangaung (Free State) Products already in supermarket shelf –To be incorporated under Indiza Foods® 2005/6

39 39 Animal Fibre Beneficiation

40 40 Animal Fibre Beneficiation (Cashmere, Mohair, Wool) 1.Transfer animal fibre beneficiation and processing technologies to resource-poor farmers 2.Transfer livestock improvement & cross breeding tech 3.Establish animal fibre-based SMME’s –Livestock improvement successful –Cashmere Knitting SMME’s in Maluti (EC) & Klipkuil (NW) Cashmere products in varied designs SMME’s registering as businesses –Two Mohair-based weaving groups in E. Cape Produce mohair blankets, –Wool farming in Mpumalanga & E. Cape Shearing & Classing Felting & Knitting SMME’s established –Products Accredited Proudly South African® –Products featured in various exhibitions & international fairs.

41 41 Oyster Mushrooms Propagation

42 42 Oyster Mushroom Propagation 1.Transfer Oyster Mushroom propagation technologies to communities as an alternative to small gardens and source of proteins. 2.Cheap technology –Organic Farm Waste (wheat straw; grass; cobs) to high value mushrooms in 30 days. –Expanded to all provinces already –Some groups already selling to local super –markets, guest houses and communities –Establishing a Section 21 Company (Amakhowa) –Increased interest from communities 3.DST expanding to most rural areas in 2004/5 –33 sites established throughout SA

43 43 Leather Beneficiation

44 44 Leather Beneficiation 1.Transfer hides and skin (labour-intensive) tanning technologies to communities 2.Manufacture leather goods for market –Directed to source leather from existing tanneries –Leather products already being produced in KZN, NW & WC. W. Cape: High quality Ostrich leather products (Beaufort West) W. Cape: High quality Karoo pelt products (Laingsburg) –Working with Woodheads Pty Ltd in Products dev. & Marketing Operational Buildings completed in North West (Supingstadt & Lekgopung) KZN: Renting space and already making products (uBombo) 3.Expanded to W. Cape to process the Karoo pelt.

45 45 Plant Fibre Beneficiation (NgeZandla-Zethu, Manguzi)

46 46 Plant Fibre Beneficiation (Hemp, Sisal, Incema, Isikhonko) 1.Use fibre rich high-value cash crops as an alternative to subsistence to emerging farmers. –Hemp Cultivation in E.Cape (Under license) to produce hemp fabric and other products. Six tractors bought for farming operations –Sisal revitalization programme (N.West) Material components for the Automotive Sector Developed decortications (fibre-extraction) equipment –Incema & Isikhonko Indigenous Grasses in KZN used in furniture making Twine weaving & various craft products Equipment over R in 2003/4 Registered as a Company - Turnover ±R35 000/month

47 47 Hand Paper Making KZN Papermaking & Craft Packaging (Eshowe – KZN)

48 48 Hand Paper Making 1.Source & transfer fibre extraction & pulping technologies to manufacture paper by hand and to produce high quality products from the paper. Gauteng, KZN, E. Cape, NW, W. Cape, Free State, Limpopo Established successful groups in KZN & W. Cape –KZN Papermaking & Craft Packaging (Eshowe – KZN) –Kuyasa Paper product (Kommetjie – W. Cape) –Siyazama Group (Khayelitsha – W. Cape) Total of 20 enterprises formed Phumani Paper registered as Section 21 Company Registered as accredited training provider of training in hand paper making NQF Level 2 Learnership from Create SA (MAPP SETA)

49 49 Essential Oils Herbs Propagation

50 50 Essential Oils Processing 1.Transfers essential oils propagation and distillation technology & equipment. 2.Four, successful essential oils businesses have been established and are based in –Giyani (Limpopo); Driekoppies (near Nelspruit in Mpumalanga), –Badplaas (Mpumalanga); and Pacaltsdorp (near George in the Western Cape). 3.Each site has been equipped with a steam distillation factory worth more than R with a maximum capacity of handling more than 100ha of herbs. 4.Registering groups as companies, and providing focused business mentorship and management.

51 51 Indigenous Medicinal Plants (Herbs) (Bio-Prospecting)

52 52 Indigenous Medicinal Plants (Natural Products) 1.MRC identified 7 indigenous herbs with immune modulating properties (clinically-proven) for HIV/AIDS sufferers –Transfers herbs propagation technologies to communities N. Cape, N. West, E. Cape, Limpopo & Mpumalanga –Value-addition of herbs into capsules and other medicines –Establish a processing factory –Collaboration with other pharmaceutical companies 2.Devils Claw Processing (N. West) – ARC –Process into dried materials and later tonic & capsules. 3.New Activities –Anti Asthma (BP4) –Anti-Obesity (San IKS)

53 53 Hi Hanyile Mosquito Repellent

54 54 Mosquito Repellent 1.Mosquito Repellent (CSIR) Musuzwana (Lippia) –An indigenous plant (BP1) is propagated commercially –Introduced technology to extract the properties, clinical trials (CSIR & SABS) shows that it has a high efficacy than commercial mosquito repellents; –Introduced oil extraction technologies, and produce mosquito repelling candles –A Factory has been completed in Hi Hanyile, Giyani and is soon to be launched (June 2005) –Partnership with commercial partners, Parks Boards and Environmental Affairs

55 55 Glass Beads Manufacturing

56 56 Glass Beads Manufacturing 1.Aims at promoting indigenous (African beadwork) jewellery design technologies. 2.Transfer jewellery making technologies to use glass to manufacture ethnic looking glass beads 3.Establish an ethnic jewellery SMME –Group of women in N. Cape (O’ Kiep) –Provided training & equipment –Selling jewellery in Cape Town –Additional training & product diversification provided.

57 57 Small-Scale Mining & Beneficiation

58 58 Small-Scale Mining & Beneficiation 1.Transfer pottery (clay beneficiation) technologies to communities to improve the quality of their Clay pots –Ndwedwe in KZN (MINTEK) 2.Transfer stone carving technologies to communities to value-add these into high value ornaments –Limpopo, Northern Cape (MINTEK) 3.Use plant fibre to strengthen ornamental pots –Eshowe KZN (with Univ of Johannesburg)

59 59 Aquaculture

60 60 Aquaculture 1.Transfer fresh water fish farming (cage nets) to rural communities using irrigation dams and schemes. 2.Established sites in the Western Cape –Franschhoek area 3.Expanding to KwaZulu-Natal –Makhathini Flats Irrigation Scheme 4.Feasibility Studies in 5 Provinces –Eastern Cape; Northern Cape; North West; Mpumalanga; Limpopo 5.Partnership with Univ of Stellenbosch & ARC

61 61 THANK YOU Vuyani Lingela, General Manager: International Cooperation and Research DST Tel: +27 (0) , Cell: +27 (0) , Fax: +27 (0) Postal Address: Private Bag X 894, Pretoria 0001, South Africa Physical Address: Building 53, Meiring Naude Road, CSIR Campus, Pretoria 0184, South Africa


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