Presentation on theme: "FUNGI Compare and contrast the parts of plants, animals and one-celled organisms Identify similarities and differences among living organisms."— Presentation transcript:
1FUNGICompare and contrast the parts of plants, animals and one-celled organismsIdentify similarities and differences among living organisms
2VocabularyDecomposer – breaks down dead plant and animal material for nutrientsHost – the organism that is harmed by a parasiteHyphae – thread-like structures of a fungusParasite – an organism that lives off of another organism (host) and causes it harmSpore – reproductive cells of a fungus
3Nutrition All are ___________ ( cannot make their own food) Some are parasitesMany are _________ ( feed off of dead organisms)HeterotrophsDecomposers
4Structure A few are ____________, such as yeast Most are multicellular, such as molds and _______________.Multicellular fungi are made up of thread-like structures called___________.UnicellularMushroomsHyphae
5ReproductionReproduce by tiny reproductive cells called________________.Spores are produced in the ___________ ____________________.Spores can be carried distances by the _______________.Sporulation: kind of asexual reproduction in which a new organism forms from spores released by the parentSporesSpore Case(Fruting Body)Wind
6Types YEASTS CO2 gas from fermentation trapped in the dough UnicellularReproduce by buddingAnaerobic respiration (fermentation): Process by which a cell releases energy from food without using oxygen (yeast). By products are CO2 & alcohol.Yeasts are used in making bread, wine, beer and solvents.Why does bread dough rise?Kind of asexual reproduction in which a new organism forms from a bud on a parentCO2 gas from fermentation trapped in the dough
8Types MOLDS Grow on the ___________of objects Hyphae appear__________________________________________________Spores _________ out of the fruiting bodySurfaceThread like and like tangled cottonBurstCausing it to spread more
10The best known of this phylum of around 600 species is black bread mold, such as Rhizopus stolonifer.
11Types Mushroom Shaped like_________________________ Fruiting body is known as the __________________________Spores_______________from the cap causing mushrooms to grow in _______________An umbrellaCap (Fruiting Body)FallColonies
13Why would mold spread more and faster than mushrooms? Mushroom spores drop to the ground from the capMold spores burst out of the fruiting body into the airHow are the hyphae of mold and mushrooms different?Mold’s hyphae are visable on the surface of objectsMushroom’s hyphae are not visable because it is underground
15Plant and Animal diseases Humans:ringworm, athlete's foot, and several more serious diseases are caused by fungi.difficult to treat.Plant:caused by fungi include rusts, smuts, and leaf, root, and stem rots, and may cause severe damage to crops.
16Helpful usesDrugs made from fungi cure diseases and stop the rejection of transplanted hearts and other organs.Fungi are also grown in large vats to produce flavorings for cooking, vitamins and enzymes for removing stains.Bread, cheese, yogurt
176th Grade Review Gravity The closer objects are the stronger the pull of gravityThe farther objects are the weaker the pull of gravityThe larger objects are the stronger the pull of gravityThe smaller objects are the weaker the pull of gravity