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FUNGI □Compare and contrast the parts of plants, animals and one-celled organisms □Identify similarities and differences among living organisms.

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Presentation on theme: "FUNGI □Compare and contrast the parts of plants, animals and one-celled organisms □Identify similarities and differences among living organisms."— Presentation transcript:

1 FUNGI □Compare and contrast the parts of plants, animals and one-celled organisms □Identify similarities and differences among living organisms

2 Vocabulary □ Decomposer – breaks down dead plant and animal material for nutrients □ Host – the organism that is harmed by a parasite □ Hyphae – thread-like structures of a fungus □ Parasite – an organism that lives off of another organism (host) and causes it harm □ Spore – reproductive cells of a fungus

3 Nutrition □All are ___________ ( cannot make their own food) □Some are parasites □Many are _________ ( feed off of dead organisms) Heterotrophs Decomposers

4 Structure □A few are ____________, such as yeast □Most are multicellular, such as molds and _______________. □Multicellular fungi are made up of thread-like structures called___________. Unicellular Mushrooms Hyphae

5 Reproduction □Reproduce by tiny reproductive cells called________________. □Spores are produced in the ___________ ____________________. □Spores can be carried distances by the _______________. □Sporulation: kind of asexual reproduction in which a new organism forms from spores released by the parent Spores Spore Case (Fruting Body) Wind

6 Types □ YEASTS □Unicellular □Reproduce by budding □Anaerobic respiration (fermentation): Process by which a cell releases energy from food without using oxygen (yeast). By products are CO 2 & alcohol. □Yeasts are used in making bread, wine, beer and solvents. □Why does bread dough rise? Kind of asexual reproduction in which a new organism forms from a bud on a parent CO 2 gas from fermentation trapped in the dough

7 Yeast

8 Types □ MOLDS □Grow on the ___________of objects □Hyphae appear_________________________ _________________________ □Spores _________ out of the fruiting body Surface Thread like and like tangled cotton Burst Causing it to spread more

9 MOLD

10 The best known of this phylum of around 600 species is black bread mold, such as Rhizopus stolonifer.

11 Types □ Mushroom □Shaped like_________________________ □Fruiting body is known as the __________________________ □Spores_______________from the cap causing mushrooms to grow in _______________ An umbrella Cap (Fruiting Body) Fall Colonies

12 Mushroom Cap (Fruiting Body) Gills Stalk Hyphae Spores

13 Why would mold spread more and faster than mushrooms? □Mushroom spores drop to the ground from the cap □Mold spores burst out of the fruiting body into the air How are the hyphae of mold and mushrooms different?  Mold’s hyphae are visable on the surface of objects  Mushroom’s hyphae are not visable because it is underground

14 Fungi

15 Plant and Animal diseases □Humans: □ringworm, athlete's foot, and several more serious diseases are caused by fungi. □ difficult to treat. □Plant: □ caused by fungi include rusts, smuts, and leaf, root, and stem rots, and may cause severe damage to crops.

16 Helpful uses □Drugs made from fungi cure diseases and stop the rejection of transplanted hearts and other organs. □Fungi are also grown in large vats to produce flavorings for cooking, vitamins and enzymes for removing stains. □Bread, cheese, yogurt

17 6 th Grade Review Gravity □The closer objects are the stronger the pull of gravity □The farther objects are the weaker the pull of gravity □The larger objects are the stronger the pull of gravity □The smaller objects are the weaker the pull of gravity


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