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Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master subtitle style CLICKER QUESTIONS For CAMPBELL BIOLOGY, NINTH EDITION Jane B. Reece, Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Robert B. Jackson © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Fungi Chapter 31 Questions prepared by Christopher Gregg Louisiana State University Ruth Buskirk University of Texas at Austin Michael Dini Texas Tech University
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Which individual organism in this picture probably has more biomass? a)fungus b)tree
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Like animals, fungi are heterotrophs and use enzymes to break down food macromolecules into monomers that their cells can use. What is true about these fungal enzymes that is not generally true of animal enzymes? a)Many of them catalyze hydrolysis reactions. b)They reduce the activation energy and speed up reactions. c)They are proteins that are specific for digesting certain types of molecules. d)All of the above
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is a role NOT performed by any fungi? a)decomposer b)parasite c)predator d)producer
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. You are presented with several single-celled organisms, including one thought to belong to the kingdom Fungi. What unique feature helps you identify the fungus? a)presence of mitochondria b)absence of chloroplasts c)presence of chitin d)presence of nuclei e)presence of chitinous cell walls
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. When does meiosis occur in fungi? a)during asexual reproduction b)following the fusion of nuclei c)immediately after the fusion of two fungal cells d)after the fusion of cytoplasm but before the fusion of nuclei
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. In animals, an individual consisting of diploid cells is usually in the life stage in which it signals to attract a mate and determines whether the potential mate is compatible. What life stages typically accomplish these functions in fungi? a)haploid spores b)haploid hyphae c)heterokaryon hyphae d)diploid hyphae e)diploid spores
b)_ c)_ d)_ Which phylogenetic tree represents the evolutionary history of the fungi based on the most recent data?
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Your parents are coming to visit so you immediately run to the pantry to throw away the loaf of bread with the black fuzzy stuff on it. What phylum of fungi did you probably just trash? a)Basidiomycota b)Ascomycota c)Zygomycota d)Chytridiomycota
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. You have been given the task of finding living members of the phylum Glomeromycota. Where is the best place to look for these fungi? a)the roots of vascular plants b)between the toes of someone with athlete's foot c)growing on rocks and tree bark d)in stagnant freshwater ponds
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. You are given a fungus to identify. It has a fruiting body that contains many structures with eight haploid spores lined up in a row. What kind of fungus is this? a)zygomycete b)chytrid c)deuteromycete d)ascomycete
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Which feature of the chytrids supports the hypothesis that they represent the most primitive fungi? a)flagellated spores b)the absence of chitin within the cell wall c)parasitic lifestyle d)formation of resistant zygosporangia
Which of the following diagrams represents the defining feature of the Ascomycota? a) b) c) d) e)
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Neurospora is an ascomycete mold that is an important model organism for genetics research. Researchers carefully open an ascus (sac) and analyze the genes of the eight ascospores contained within it. Why does analysis of spores in an ascus make it easy to study genetic recombination in Neurospora? a)The eight ascospores are genetically identical haploid nuclei made by mitosis. b)The eight ascospores are four copies each of the two dikaryon nuclei. c)The eight ascospores are two copies each of the four haploid products of one meiosis. d)The eight ascospores are each genetically different haploid products of one meiosis. e)The eight ascospores are genetically identical diploid nuclei made by mitosis.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. If you analyze the cells of the body of a basidiomycete mushroom, such as those we eat, you would find that most cells contain what nuclei? a)one haploid nucleus b)two or more genetically identical haploid nuclei c)two non identical haploid nuclei d)one diploid nucleus e)two or more genetically identical diploid nuclei
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. In fields or open areas in woodlands, one can occasionally find a “fairy ring,” a ring of mushroom fruiting bodies arranged roughly in a circle, which can be many meters in diameter. Which is the correct explanation for this? a)Mushrooms have grown where a circle of spores was deposited previously. b)The circle of mushrooms represents the survivors or “winners” of many fungi that competed with each other. c)The circle represents the edge of a large underground feeding mycelium that produced fruiting bodies in many places at once. d)The circle represents the outer edge of a good habitat for the mushrooms. e)The circle is where fairies have danced in a ring.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. How many individual fungi are observable in this picture? a)1 b)5 c)46 d)52
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of these is an example of a fungus that initially parasitizes a living organism, and then continues living on it as a decomposer after the organism dies? a)black bread mold b)yeasts c)mycorrhizal fungus d)wheat rust e)shelf fungus
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Many fungi produce antibiotics, for example, penicillin, that are effective at stopping bacterial growth. Which do you think is the evolutionary advantage to the fungus of secreting antibacterial chemicals? a)defense: preventing bacteria from infecting the fungus b)defense: preventing bacteria from killing fungal spores c)symbiosis: attracting helpful bacteria d)competition: destroying bacteria that compete for their food e)predatory: fungus can then consume the bacteria
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Lichens are a symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic microbe and are often among the first organisms to grow on bare rock or volcanic deposits. What features of lichens allow them to be so successful as new colonizers on bare rock? a)Fungal hyphae have extensive surface area for absorbing runoff water without any soil. b)Fungal hyphae secrete weak acids that break down the rock surface and permit attachment. c)Some lichen microbes conduct their own nitrogen fixation. d)The photosynthetic partners in lichens have little competition for sunlight. e)All of the above
Active Lecture Questions for BIOLOGY, Eighth Edition Neil Campbell & Jane Reece Questions prepared by Christopher Gregg, Louisiana State University and.
Kingdom Fungi Characteristics similar to all Fungi: All eukaryotic Heterotrophic Multicellular (except yeast) Are not motile.
Fungi Unit 8- Chapter 31. What is a Fungi? Usually multicellular Usually multicellular Above ground structures (mushrooms) Above ground structures (mushrooms)
Fungi Chapter Defining Fungi Mycologists believe there may be as many as 1.5 million fungal species Fungi are classified into six main groups -Chytrids.
CAMPBELL BIOLOGY Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. TENTH EDITION Clicker Questions by Roberta Batorsky 31 Fungi.
The Kingdom Fungi. What Are Fungi? Eukaryotic heterotrophs with cell walls. contain chitin, a complex carbohydrate.
Fungi Section What is a Fungus? They are heterotrophic eukaryotes with a cell wall They obtain food by extracellular digestion and absorption Enzymes.
Kingdom Fungi. For many years fungi were classified as plant. However, there are some characteristics that separate these two groups : 1. Plants have.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint Lectures for Biology, Seventh Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece.
Chapter 31 Reading Quiz 1.What are the filaments called that make up mycelium? 2.What are fungi cell walls made of? 3.What characteristic does “dikaryotic”
Fungi. Shared Characteristics Distinctive fungal features – Fungi are heterotrophs. – Fungi have several cell types. – Some fungi have a dikaryon stage.
AP Biology Kingdom: Fungi Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaebacteria Domain Eukaryotes Common ancestor.
Kingdom Fungi Eukaryotic, cell walls made of chitin, saprophytic or parasitic and essential as decomposers.
FungiSection 1 CH 22 Fungi. FungiSection 1 What Are Fungi? Fungi are a very diverse group of organisms, but all fungi share three characteristics: –Fungi.
Characteristics of Fungi Kingdom Fungi Characteristics Heterotrophic – obtain energy by decomposing organic material Structures are made of the same type.
Fungi Chapter 31. Fungi - heterotrophs - eat by absorbing nutrients - by secreting enzymes to outside which digest food around them; fungi absorbs food.
1 Fungi Chapter Shared Characteristics Distinctive fungal features – Fungi are heterotrophs. – Fungi have several cell types. – Some fungi have.
1. Both bacteria and fungi are decomposers. What characteristics do these two groups share that allow them to function in this ecological role- you may.
Characteristics HETEROTROPIC –No chlorophyll –SAPROBES: Energy from breaking down organic material –PARASITES: harm others that live near them Can cause.
Chapter 18 Fungus mHkC2JM53c.
Johnson - The Living World: 3rd Ed. - All Rights Reserved - McGraw Hill Companies Evolution of Multicellular Life Chapter 15 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Companies.
Fungi Fungi are non-motile (they don’t move) heterotrophs (they get food and energy from other organisms). The defining characteristic of fungi is their.
Kingdom Fungi Some of the most important organisms, both in terms of their ecological and economic roles. Decomposers that break down dead organic.
Kingdom Fungi (ch. 26) If at first you don’t like a fungus … Just wait a little, It will grow on you. Mycology = study of fungi General Characteristics.
KINGDOM FUNGI CHARACTERISTICS of FUNGI The Kingdom Fungi includes eukaryotic, sessile heterotrophs that include a wide variety of organisms from unicellular.
Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master subtitle style CLICKER QUESTIONS For CAMPBELL BIOLOGY, NINTH EDITION Jane B. Reece, Lisa A. Urry,
KINGDOM FUNGI. DNA evidence now indicates kingdom fungi is more closely related to animals than plants!!!!
Chapter 31 Notes Fungi. Concept 31.1 All fungi are eukaryotic; most are multicellular mycete = fungi Fungi differ from plants in nutritional mode, structural.
Chapter 31 Why did the mushroom go to the party??? Because he’s a fun-gi!
Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor Kingdom: Fungi Domain Eukarya.
Kingdom Fungi. Fungi grow as filaments called hyphae (singular: hypha). A mass of hyphae is called mycelium Some fungi have septa (singular: septum),
Unit 6 Part 3 Fungi. Characteristics Eukaryotic heterotrophs Multicellular (except yeasts) Cell wall – Made of chitin.
AP Biology Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor Kingdom: Fungi Domain Eukarya Modified from slide show by Kim Foglia.
AP Biology Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor Kingdom: Fungi Domain Eukarya.
Fungus Chapter 31. What you need to know! The characteristics of fungi The characteristics of fungi Important ecological roles of fungi in mycorrhizal.
Mushrooms, mould, and mildew Fungi in action. In partners or as a group – what characteristics define a fungus (pl)? If you said: Eukaryotic Heterotrophic,
Kingdom Fungi Chapter 22. Characteristics of Fungi All fungi share 3 characteristics: Fungi have threadlike bodies Fungal cell walls contain chitin.
Chapter 21: Protists and Fungi Section 21-4: Fungi.
Eukaryotic cells Most are multi-celled Some are uni-cellular Heterotrophs Live in moist, warm areas Have Cell Walls FUNGI.
Kingdom Fungi fungi - heterotrophic single-celled or multicellular organisms, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms.
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Ch. 21 Fungi What did Mr. Fungus say to Ms. Algae, when he proposed? I lichen you!
AP Biology Domain Eubacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor Kingdom: Fungi Domain Eukarya.
© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Lecture by Edward J. Zalisko PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections, Seventh Edition Reece, Taylor,
Chapter 21: Fungi Biology- Kirby. 21-1: The Kingdom Fungi Fungi are eukaryotic heterotrophs that have cell walls. These cell walls are made of chitin.
Fungi A spore stalk from a fungus that killed a carpenter ant grew upward from the ants head.
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The Fungus Kingdom. Welcome to the Fungus Kingdom! Activity: Watch this video clip and write down all the different references made to fungi “Fungus.
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